Med Terms

Card Set Information

Author:
rmski77
ID:
153925
Filename:
Med Terms
Updated:
2012-05-15 04:55:45
Tags:
Nursing 100
Folders:

Description:
Nursing 100 Med Terms
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user rmski77 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Anterior
    Before or in front of
  2. Posterior
    Behind of or in back of
  3. Medial
    Closer to the middle
  4. Lateral
    Further away from the middle
  5. Proximal
    Nearest the point of attachment
  6. Distal
    Farthest away from trunk
  7. Inferior
    Closer to the feet or lower part of body
  8. Superior
    Closer to head
  9. Cranial
    Closer to head
  10. Caudel
    Closer to feet or lower part of body
  11. Superficial
    External
  12. Deep
    Internal
  13. Ipsilaterial
    On the same side
  14. Contralateral
    On the opposite side
  15. Ventral
    Before or in front of
  16. Dorsal
    Behind or in back of
  17. aneurysm
    localized dilation of an artery
  18. angina
    chest pain
  19. arrhythmia
    any deviation from the normal pattern of the heartbeat
  20. arteriosclerosis
    hardening of arterial walls
  21. atherosclerosis
    type of arteriosclerosis characterized by deposits of cholesterol in the walls of arteries
  22. bradycardia
    slow heart rate
  23. claudication
    weakness of the legs accompanied by calf pain due to poor circulation
  24. cyanosis
    bluish skin discoloration caused by an excess of deoxygenated hemoglobin
  25. diastole
    time between contractions of the atria or ventricles when blood enters
  26. embolism
    sudden obstruction of an artery by a clot or other foreign substance
  27. hyperlipidemia
    excess of lipids in the plasma
  28. hypertension
    elevated blood pressure
  29. infarction
    obstruction of circulation followed by ischemic necrosis
  30. ischemia
    deficiency of blood supply to a part
  31. murmur
    low-pitched blowing or humming sound caused by turbulent blood flow
  32. myocardial infarction
    heart attack
  33. necrosis
    death of area of tissue or bone
  34. palpitation
    pulsations of the heart that are perceptible to the client
  35. systole
    contraction of the heart
  36. tachycardia
    rapid heart rate
  37. thrombophlebitis
    inflammation of a vein
  38. varicose
    dilated or bulging veins
  39. ventricular fibrillation
    cardiac arrhythmia maked by rapid, disorganized depolarizations of the ventricles
  40. appendicitis
    inflammation of the appendix
  41. ascites
    abnormal accumulation of fluid within the abdominal cavity
  42. ballottement
    palpation technique used to assess a floating object
  43. borborygmi
    audible bowel sounds
  44. bruit
    murmur (blowing sound) heard over peripheral vessels
  45. cirrhosis
    disease characterized by destruction of liver parenchyma
  46. cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gallbladder
  47. cholelithiasis
    gallstones
  48. diverticulum
    pouch in the walls of a canal or organ
  49. divericulitis
    inflammation of the diveriticulum
  50. esphagitis
    inflammation of the esphogus
  51. flatulence
    presence of an excessive amount of gas in the GI tract
  52. gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach
  53. gastroenteritis
    inflammation of the gastrointestinal mucosa
  54. hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver
  55. hepatomegaly
    abnormal liver enlargement
  56. hernia
    protrusion of an organ through the wall containing it
  57. organomegaly
    enlargement of abdominal organs
  58. pancreatitis
    inflammation of the pancrease
  59. peristalsis
    wavelike movement
  60. peritoneum
    membrane lining the abdominal organs and cavity
  61. peritonitis
    inflammation of the peritoneum
  62. splenomegaly
    abnormal spleen enlargement
  63. viscera
    internal organs enclosed within the abdomen
  64. acromegaly
    disease characterized by bone enlargement due to excess production of growth hormone
  65. Addison's disease
    disease resulting from deficiency of adrenocortical hormones
  66. cretinism
    congenital condition due to lack of thyroid secretion
  67. Cushing's disease
    disease reulting from hypersecretion of glucocorticoids
  68. dieabetes insipidus
    disease caused by inadequate secretion of vasopressin
  69. diabetes mellitus
    chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by hyperglycemia
  70. diabetic ketoacidosis
    hyperglycemia with disruption of fluid, electrolyte, and pH balance leading to coma
  71. gigantism
    condition resulting from excessive growth hormone production
  72. goiter
    enlargement of the thyroid gland
  73. hyperglycemia
    increase of blood sugar
  74. hyperthyroidism
    condition caused by excessive secretion of the thyroid gland
  75. myxedema
    condition resulting from decreased function of the thyroid gland
  76. pheochromocytoma
    tumor of the sympathoadrenal system producing norepinephrine and epinephrine
  77. polyphagia
    eating abnormally large amounts of food
  78. thyroid nodule
    discrete enlargement within the thyroid gland
  79. thyrotoxicosis
    toxic condition due to overactivity of the thyroid gland
  80. alopecia
    loss of hair
  81. atrophy
    thinning of skin surface
  82. cellulitis
    skin infection
  83. clubbing
    curvature of nails with soft tissue sweeling
  84. cyst
    elevated lesion filled with liquid or semisolid material
  85. ecchymosis
    red-purple dicoloration
  86. eczema
    inflammatory skin condition
  87. edema
    abnormal tissue swelling
  88. excoriation
    loss of epidermis
  89. folliculitis
    infection of the hair follicle and dermis
  90. fissure
    linear crack from epidermis to dermis
  91. furuncle
    acute, localized staphyloccal infection
  92. hirsutism
    excessive growth of hair or in unusual places
  93. keloid
    progressively enlarging scar
  94. macule
    flat brown, red, purple, white, or tan lesion
  95. nodule
    firm, elevated 1-2 cm. lesion
  96. onycholysis
    loosening of nail from nailbed
  97. papule
    elevated, firm brown, pink, tan, or bluish red lesion less than 2 cm. in diameter
  98. paronychia
    infection around nail margin
  99. petechiae
    red-purple nonblanchable discoloration less than .5 cm. in diameter
  100. psoriasis
    chronic skin disease characterized by silvery, scaly plaques
  101. purpura
    red-purple nonblanchable discoloration greater than .5 cm. in diameter
  102. pustule
    elevated lesion filled with purulent fluid
  103. striae
    pinkish or silvery white scarlike lesions
  104. tumor
    elevated, solid lesion greater than 2 cm. in diameter
  105. turgor
    resistance of skin to deformation
  106. vesicle
    blister
  107. wheal
    elevated area of cutaneous edema
  108. kyphosis
    upper thoracic spinal curvature, hunch back
  109. arthritis
    iflammation of joint
  110. osteoporosis
    disease resulting in loss of bone density
  111. abduction
    movement of limbs from trunk
  112. adduction
    movement of limbs toward trunk
  113. ankylosis
    immobility of a joint
  114. bursitis
    inflammation of a bursa(sac) near a joint
  115. circumduction
    circular movement of a limb
  116. digit
    finger and toe
  117. dorsiflexion
    bending part backward at a joint
  118. epicondylitis(lateral)
    tennis elbow
  119. eversion
    turning outward
  120. extension
    moving toward a straight condition
  121. external rotation
    rotating a limb away from the torso
  122. flexion
    bending a joint
  123. internal rotation
    rotating a limb toward the torso
  124. inversion
    turning inward
  125. lordosis
    lower thoracic spinal convexity
  126. patella
    kneecap
  127. plantar flexion
    extension of foot
  128. pronation
    act of lying face down; turning hand so palm faces down
  129. prone
    lying horizontal with face downward
  130. supination
    turning of hand so palm faces upward
  131. supine
    lying on back with face upward
  132. ulnar deviation
    movement toward the elbow
  133. valgus
    bent outward; bowlegged
  134. varus
    turned inward
  135. affect
    mood
  136. ageusia
    taste impairment
  137. agnosia
    loss of comprehension of sensations
  138. anesthesia
    loss of sensation
  139. aphasia
    impeirment of the ability to communicate through speech, writing, or signs
  140. apraxia
    inability to use objects appropriately
  141. ataxia
    defective muscular coordination
  142. Bell's palsy
    unilateral facial paralysis
  143. cognition
    intellectual function
  144. confabulation
    using inappropriate words to fill in memory gaps
  145. confusion
    not being aware of time, place, or self
  146. delirium
    state of mental confusion and excitement
  147. delusion
    false belief
  148. dementia
    broad impairment of intellectual function
  149. disorientation
    inability to recognize time, place, or person
  150. dyslexia
    inability to interpret written language while having normal vision
  151. fasciculation
    involuntary muscle twitching
  152. hyperesthesia
    increase sensitivity to touch/pain
  153. hypoesthesia
    dulled sensitivity to touch/pain
  154. labile
    rapidly changing emotions
  155. multiple sclerosis
    inflammatory disease of the central nervous system
  156. myasthenia gravis
    disease characterized by muscle weakness
  157. nuchal rigidity
    inability to bend the neck
  158. paralysis
    temporary or permanent loss of function
  159. paresthesia
    sensation of numbness or tingling
  160. Parkinson's disease
    chronic nervvous disease characterized by tremors and muscle weakness
  161. reflex
    involuntary responce to a stimulus
  162. seizure(epileptic)
    sudden ttack of altered consciousness and motor activity
  163. trigeminal neuralgia
    pain along the trigeminal nerve
  164. vertigo
    dizziness
  165. A-
    Without, not
  166. Af-
    Toward
  167. An-
    Without, not
  168. Ante-
    Before
  169. Anti-
    Against, resisting
  170. Auto-
    Self
  171. Bi-
    Two, double
  172. Circum-
    Around
  173. Co-, con-
    With, together
  174. Contra-
    Against
  175. De-
    Down from
  176. Dia-
    Across, through
  177. Dipl-
    Twofold
  178. Dys-
    Bad, difficult
  179. Ectop-
    Displaced
  180. Ef-
    Away from
  181. Em-, en-
    In, into
  182. Endo-
    Within
  183. Epi-
    Upon
  184. Eu-
    Good
  185. Ex-, exo-
    Out of, out from
  186. Extra-
    Outside of
  187. Hapl-
    Single
  188. Hem-, hemat-
    Blood
  189. Hemi-
    Half
  190. Hom(e)o-
    Same, equal
  191. Hyper-
    Over, above
  192. Hypo-
    Under, below
  193. Infra-
    Below, beneath
  194. Inter-
    Between
  195. Intra-
    Within
  196. Iso-
    Same, equal
  197. Macor-
    Large
  198. Mega-
    Large, million(th)
  199. Mes-
    Middle
  200. Meta-
    Beyond, after
  201. Micro-
    Small, millionth
  202. Milli-
    Thousandth
  203. Mono-
    One (single)
  204. Neo-
    New
  205. Non-
    Not
  206. Oligo-
    Few, scanty
  207. Ortho-
    Straight, correct
  208. Para-
    By the side of, near
  209. Per-
    Through
  210. Peri-
    Around
  211. Poly-
    Many
  212. Post-
    After
  213. Pre-
    Before
  214. Pro-
    First, promoting
  215. Quadr-
    Four
  216. Re-
    Back, again
  217. Retro-
    Behind
  218. Semi-
    Half
  219. Sub-
    Under
  220. Super-, supra-
    Over, excessive
  221. Trans-
    Across, through
  222. Tri-
    Three
  223. adnexa
    ovaries and fallopian tubes
  224. cervix
    neck of the uterus
  225. cryptorchordism
    failure of testicles to descend into scrotum
  226. dysmenorrhea
    painful menstruation
  227. dysplasia(cervical)
    abnormal tissue changes of the cervix
  228. dyspareunia
    painful intercourse
  229. ectopic pregnancy
    implantation of fertilized ovum outside of uterus
  230. endometriosis
    uterine tissue located in various sites throughout pelvis and abdominal wall
  231. epispadias
    congenital opening of urethra on dorsum of penis
  232. hydrocele (spermatic)
    fluid surrounding the testes
  233. hypospadias
    congenital opening of urethra on undersurface of penis
  234. introitus (vaginal)
    vaginal opening
  235. leukorrhea
    white or yellow discharge from the vagina
  236. lithotomy position
    position in which client lies supine with thighs flexed upon abdomen and legs upon thighs
  237. menopause
    cessation of menstrual activity
  238. menorrhagia
    excessive menstrual bleeding
  239. metrorrhagia
    bleeding from uterus, especially other than during menstrual period
  240. multigravid
    a woman who has been pregnant more than one time
  241. multiparous
    having borne more than one child
  242. nulliparous
    never having borne a child
  243. oligomenorrhea
    scanty or infrequent menstrual flow
  244. prostatitis
    inflammation of the prostate gland
  245. salpingitis
    inflammation of the fallopian tube
  246. varicocele
    enlargement of the veins of the spermatic cord
  247. vasectomy
    removal of all or some of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male
  248. Apnea
    cessation of breathing
  249. asthma
    wheezing resulting from obstruction of the bronchi or spasm of smooth muscle
  250. atelectasis
    collapse of a lung
  251. bradypnea
    abnormally slow rate of breathing
  252. bronchiestasis
    chronic dilation of one or more bronchi
  253. bronchitis
    inflammation of the bronchi
  254. consolidation
    process in which liquid or solid replacement of lung parenchyma as exudates from an inflammatory condition is amassed
  255. crackles
    discrete, noncontinous sound resembling fine crackling heard through a stethoscope
  256. crepitus
    dry, crackling sound
  257. dyspnea
    difficult or labored respiration
  258. emphysema
    condition involving entrapment of air within tissue
  259. fremitus
    palpable vibration
  260. hyperpnea
    increased depth of respiration
  261. hyperventilation
    increase in rate and depth of respiration
  262. intercostal space
    space between two ribs
  263. orthopnea
    dyspnea that begins or increases when one lies down
  264. parenchyma
    tissue of an organ as distinguished from supporting or connective tissue
  265. paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
    sudden onset of dyspnea after a period of lying down
  266. percussion
    technique used to evaluate size, borders, and consistency of certain internal organs and determine presence of air or fluid
  267. pleural effusion
    fluid of any kind in the pleutal cavity
  268. pleurisy
    pleural inflammation accompanied by pain
  269. rhonchi
    wheezing or snoring sounds produced by airflow across a partially constricted air passage
  270. tachypnea
    rapid respiratory rate
  271. wheeze
    high-pitched musical rhonchi
  272. Acro-
    Extremity
  273. Aden-
    Gland
  274. Alveoli-
    Small hollow cavity
  275. Angi-
    Vessel
  276. Arthr-
    Joint
  277. Asthen-
    Weakness
  278. Bar-
    Pressure
  279. Bili-
    Bile
  280. Brachi-
    Arm
  281. Brady-
    Slow
  282. Bronch-
    Air passage
  283. Capn-
    Smoke
  284. Carcin-
    Cancer
  285. Card-
    Heart
  286. Cephal-
    Head, brain
  287. Cerv-
    Neck
  288. Chem-
    Chemical
  289. Chol-
    Bile
  290. Chondr-
    Cartilage
  291. Corp-
    Body
  292. Cortico-
    Pertaining to cortex
  293. Crani-
    Skull
  294. Crypt-
    Hidden
  295. Cusp-
    Point
  296. Cut(an)-
    Skin
  297. Cyan-
    Blue
  298. Cyst-
    Bladder
  299. Dactyl-
    Fingers, toes
  300. Dendr-
    Tree; branched
  301. Dent-
    Tooth
  302. Derm-
    Skin
  303. Diastol-
    Relax; stand apart
  304. Dips-
    Thirst
  305. Ejacul-
    To throw out
  306. Electr-
    Elecrical
  307. Enter-
    Intestine
  308. Eryth-
    Red
  309. Esthe-
    Sensation
  310. Febr-
    Fever
  311. Gastr-
    Stomach
  312. Gingiv-
    Gums
  313. Glomer-
    Wound into a ball
  314. Gloss-
    Tongue
  315. Gluc-
    Sugar, glucose
  316. Glutin-
    Glue
  317. Glyc-
    Sugar, glucose
  318. Hepat-
    Liver
  319. Hist-
    Tissue
  320. Hydro-
    Water
  321. Hyster-
    Uterus
  322. Iatri-
    Treatment
  323. Kal-
    Potassiun
  324. Kary-
    Nucleus
  325. Kerat-
    Cornea
  326. Lact-
    Milk
  327. Lapar-
    Abdomen
  328. Leuk-
    White
  329. Lig-
    To tie, bind
  330. Lip-
    Fat, lipid
  331. Lys-
    Break apart
  332. Mal-
    Bad
  333. Melan-
    Black
  334. Men-, mens-
    Monthly
  335. Muta-
    Change
  336. My-, myo-
    Muscle
  337. Myc-
    Fungus
  338. Myel-
    Marrow
  339. Nat-
    Birth
  340. Natr-
    Sodium
  341. Nephr-
    Kidney
  342. Neur-
    Nerve
  343. Noct-
    Night
  344. Ocul-
    Eye
  345. Odont-
    Tooth
  346. Onco-
    Cancer
  347. Opthalm-
    Eye
  348. Orchid-
    Testis
  349. Osteo-
    Bone
  350. Oto-
    Ear
  351. Ov-, oo-
    Egg
  352. Oxy-
    Oxygen
  353. Path-
    Disease
  354. Ped-
    Children
  355. Phag-
    Eat
  356. Pharm-
    Drug
  357. Phleb-
    Vein
  358. Photo-
    Light
  359. Physio-
    Nature of
  360. Plex-
    Twisted; woven
  361. Pneumo-
    Air, breath
  362. pneumon-
    lung
  363. pod-
    foot
  364. poie-
    make, produce
  365. presby-
    old
  366. proct-
    rectum
  367. pseudo-
    false
  368. psych-
    mind
  369. pyel-
    pelvis
  370. ren-
    kidney
  371. rhino-
    nose
  372. rigor-
    stiffness
  373. sarco-
    flesh, muscle
  374. scler-
    hard
  375. semen-
    seed; sperm
  376. sept-
    contamination
  377. sin-
    cavity, recess
  378. son-
    sound
  379. spiro-
    breath
  380. stat-, stas-
    a standing, stopping
  381. syn-
    together
  382. systol-
    contract
  383. tachy-
    fast
  384. therm-
    heat
  385. thromb-
    clot
  386. tox-
    poison
  387. troph-
    grow, nourish
  388. tympan-
    drum
  389. varic-
    enlarged vessel
  390. vas-
    vessel, duct
  391. vesic-
    bladder, blister
  392. Amblyopia
    Reduction of vision
  393. Anisocoria
    Inequality of pupil size
  394. Auditory
    Hearing
  395. Blepharitis
    Inflammation of the eyelid margins
  396. Chalazion
    Small eyelid tumors
  397. Conjunctiva
    Mucous membrane lining eyelids and eyeball
  398. Diplopia
    Double vision
  399. Ectropion
    Eversion of the eyelid margin
  400. Entropion
    Inversion of the eyelid margin
  401. Epistaxis
    Nosebleed
  402. Exophthalmos
    Abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
  403. Gustatory
    Taste
  404. Hordeolum
    Sty
  405. Iritis
    Inflammation of the iris
  406. Lacrimation
    Tearing
  407. Mydriasis
    Dilation of the pupil
  408. Miosis
    Constriction of the pupil
  409. Nystagmus
    Cyclical movement of the eyeball
  410. Olfactory
    Smell
  411. Palpebra
    Eyelid
  412. Photophobia
    Intolerance of light
  413. Presbyopia
    Defect of vision in advancing age
  414. Pterygium
    Thickening of conjunctiva lining eyeball
  415. Ptosis
    Upper eyelid drooping
  416. Scotoma
    Blind gap in the visual field
  417. Strabismus
    Deviation of eye movement
  418. Tactile
    Touch
  419. Visual
    Sight
  420. -al, -ac
    Pertaining to
  421. -algia
    Pain
  422. -aps, -apt
    Fit, fasten
  423. -arche
    Beginning, origin
  424. -ase
    Signifies an enzyme
  425. -blast
    Sprout, make
  426. -centesis
    A piercing
  427. -cide
    To kill
  428. -clast
    Break, destroy
  429. -crine
    Release, secrete
  430. -ectomy
    A cutting out
  431. -emesis
    Vomiting
  432. -emia
    Refers to blood
  433. -flux
    Flow
  434. -gen
    Creates, forms
  435. -genesis
    Creation
  436. -gram
    Something written
  437. -graph(y)
    To write, draw
  438. -hydrate
    Containing water
  439. -ia, -sia
    Condition process
  440. -iasis
    Abnormal condition
  441. -ic, -ac
    Pertaing to
  442. -in
    Signifies protein
  443. -ism
    "Condition of"
  444. -itis
    "Inflammation of"
  445. -lemma
    Rind, peel
  446. -lepsy
    Seizure
  447. -lith
    Stone, rock
  448. -logy
    Study of
  449. -lunar
    Moon, moonlike
  450. -malacia
    Softening
  451. -megaly
    Enlargement
  452. -metric, -metry
    Measurement
  453. -oid
    Like, in shape of
  454. -oma
    Tumor
  455. -opia
    Vision
  456. -oscopy
    Viewing
  457. -ose
    Signifies a carbohydrate
  458. -osis
    Condition, process
  459. -ostomy
    Opening
  460. -otomy
    Cut
  461. -penia
    Lack
  462. -phillic
    Loving
  463. -phobic
    Fearing
  464. -phragm
    Partition
  465. -plasia
    Growth, formation
  466. -plasm
    Substance, matter
  467. -plasty
    Shape, make
  468. -plegia
    Paralysis
  469. -pnea
    Breath, breathing
  470. -rrhagia
    Discharge
  471. -rrhaphy
    Sew, suture
  472. -rrhea
    Flow
  473. -some
    Body
  474. -tension, -tensin
    Pressure
  475. -tonic
    Pressure, tension
  476. -tripsy
    Crushing
  477. -ule
    Small, little
  478. -uria
    Refers to urine
  479. anuria
    lack of urine production
  480. cystocele
    herniation of bladder into vagina
  481. cystoscopy
    examination of bladder with cystoscope
  482. dialysis
    process of diffusing blood across a semipermeable membrane to remove toxins and maintain homeostasis during impaired kidney function
  483. dysuria
    painful or difficult urination
  484. enuresis
    involuntary urination
  485. lithotripsy
    crushing of a stone in the bladder or urethra
  486. micturition
    urination
  487. nephrolithiasis
    kidney stone
  488. nocturia
    nighttime urination
  489. nocturnal enuresis
    bedwetting
  490. oliguria
    low urine output
  491. polyuria
    frequent urination
  492. pyelonephritis
    kidney infection
  493. pyuria
    pus in the urine
  494. residual urine
    urine in bladder following urination
  495. urethra
    canal from the bladder to the outside
  496. urethral meatus
    external opening of the urethra
  497. urgency
    feeling one must void
  498. urinary catheter
    tube passed through urethra into bladder to catch urine
  499. urinary incontinence
    involuntary urination
  500. urinary retention
    urine accumulation leading to bladder distention

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview