PT - Chapter 1

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JasonT
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153962
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PT - Chapter 1
Updated:
2012-05-15 11:01:03
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PT Pharmacy Health Care
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Pharmacy and Health Care
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  1. Pharmacology
    Study of drugs
  2. Pharmacognosy
    study of physical, chemical, biochemical and biological properties of drugs
  3. Materia medica
    pharmacology; drugs in use
  4. Pharmacopeia
    list of drugs and issues related to use
  5. Panacea
    cure-all drug
  6. Antitoxin
    acts against toxins
  7. Antibiotic
    harms/kills microorganisms
  8. Hormone
    natural chemical produced by the body to regulate processes
  9. Ancient Greeks created from: willow tree bark -->salicylic acid --> acetylsalicylic acid = aspirin
  10. Cocaine
    first local anesthetic
  11. Foxglove = digitalis drug; treats...
    Heart disease
  12. Banting and Best...
    Extracted insulin; Used to treat diabetes
  13. Fleming discovered...
    Penicillin
  14. Life in the 20th century...
    Increased by over 20 years.
  15. Pharmacist requirement:
    • graduate from accredited college of pharmacy,
    • pass state license exam and
    • intern under a licensed pharmacist
  16. Human genome
    Complete set of genetic material contained in a human cell
  17. First physician known by name...

    A) Prometheus
    B) Imhotep
    C) Aseculapius
    D) Hippocrates
    B) Imhotep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Hippocrates approact to medicine was based on:

    A) Superstition
    B) Careful observation
    C) Astrology
    D) Animal behavior
    B) Careful observation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The ancient Greek goddess of Medicinal Herbs:
    A) Euphrates
    B) Hippocrates
    C) Pandora
    D) Panacea
    D) Panacea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Derived from the bark of the Peruvian tree, "Jesuit's powder," used along with preventive measures, helps keep this disease under control.
    A) Smallpox
    B) Malaria
    C) Polio
    D) Tuberculosis
    B) Malaria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Aspirin is made from salicylic acid from the bark of what tree?
    A) Tea
    B) Willow
    C) Cinchona
    D) Fig
    B) Willow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The first effective local anesthetic:
    A) Cocaine
    B) Morphine
    C) Quinine
    D) Heroine
    A) Cocaine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Around 3000 B.C., who established, by trial and error, about 365 herbs that could be used as health treatments?
    A) Aesculapius
    B) Imhotep
    C) Hippocrates
    D) Chinese Emperor Shen Nung
    D) Chinese Emperor Shen Nung
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. An authoritative listing of drugs and issues related to their use:
    A) Panacea
    B) Pharmacopeia
    C) Pharmaceutical
    D) Pharmacology
    B) Pharmacopeia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Who showed that heat can be used to kill micro-organisms associated with food spoilage?
    A) Banting and Best
    B) Pasteur
    C) Fleming
    D) Watson and Crick
    B) Pasteur
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Who discovered penicillin could kill some bacteria?
    A) Banting and Best
    B) Fleming
    C) Watson and Crick
    D) Marker
    B) Fleming
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Substanced produced by the body to regulate body functions and processes:
    A) Genomes
    B) Antitoxins
    C) Hormones
    D) Antibiotics
    C) Hormones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Who identified the stucture of DNA?
    A) Banting and Best
    B) Watson and Crick
    C) Serturner
    D) Koller
    B) Watson and Crick
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The pharmaceutical manufacturing industry devotes how much of its income to research and development:
    A) 1/10
    B) 1/3
    C) 1/6
    D) 1/2
    C) 1/6
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. What protects against illegal copying of new discoveries:
    A) FDA
    B) Patenting
    C) Generics
    D) Brand names
    B) Patenting
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. The FDA is required to:
    A) Ensure that a drug is safe and effective for intended use
    B) Monitor a drug after it is marketed to ensure it works as intended
    C) Monitor drug for any adverse effects
    D) All of the above
    D) All of the above
  32. The length of time from beginning of development of new drug to FDA approval is often more than ______ years.
    A) Twenty
    B) Two
    C) Five
    D) Ten
    D) Ten
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. In most cases the individual who dispenses the prescribed medication to the patient is:
    A) Nurse
    B) Prescribing physician
    C) Pharmacist
    D) Medical office assistant
    C) Pharmacist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) requires that pharmacists provide:
    A) Counseling services to all patients
    B) Counseling services to Medicaid patients
    C) Mail order medication to Medicaid patients
    D) HMO coverage to all patients
    B) Counseling sevices to Medicaid patients
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The area of greatest employment for pharmacists is:
    A) Managed care
    B) Hospitals
    C) Community pharmacies
    D) Mail order operations
    C) Commuity pharmacies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The pharmacy technician may find the greatest employment opportunities in:
    A) Community setting
    B) Mail order operations
    C) Home health care
    D) Hospital setting
    A) Community setting
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. In managed care, care is mangaged by:
    A) Pharmacist
    B) Insurer
    C) Patient
    D) Physician
    A) Pharmacist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Lists of drugs approved for use by managed care organizations are called:
    A) Mail order operations
    B) HMOs
    C) Formularies
    D) OBRA
    C) Formularies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Information, such as a patient's name, that is entered and stored into a computer:
    A) Product
    B) Data
    C) Billing
    D) Inventory
    B) Data
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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