abnormal psych final test

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abnormal psych final test
2012-05-15 14:39:17
abnormal psych

abnormal psychology
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  1. one of a range of problems associated with the use and abuse of drugs such as alcohol, cocaine, heroin, and other substances people use to alter the way they think, feel, and behave.
    substance-related disorder
  2. disorder in which a person acts on an irrestible, but potentialy harmful, impulse
    impulse-control disorders
  3. the use of multiple mind-and behavior- altering substances, such as drugs
    polysubstance use
  4. substances, such as drugs, that alter mood or behavior
    psychoactive substances
  5. physiological reaction, such as impaired judgment and motor ability, as well as mood change, resulting from the ingestion of a psychoactive substance
    substance intoxication
  6. pattern of psychoactive substance use leading to significant distress or impairment in social and occupational roles and in hazardous situations
    substance abuse
  7. maladaptive pattern of substance use characterized by the ened for increased amounts to achieve the desired effect, negative physical effects when the substance is withdrawn, unsucessful efforts to contorl its use, and substantial effort expended to seek it or recover from its effects
    substance dependence
  8. the need for increased amounts of a substance to achieve the desired effect, and a diminished effect with continued use of the same amount
  9. a severely negative physiological reaction to removal of a psychoactive substance, which can be alleviated by the same or a similar substance
  10. psychoactive substance taht results in behavioral sedation; such substances include alcohol and the sedative, hypnotic, and anxiolytic drugs
  11. psychoactive substance that elevates mood, activity, and alterness; such substances include amphetamines, caffeine, cocaine, and nicotine
  12. addictive psychoactive substance such as heroin, opium, or morphine that causes temporary euphoria and analgesia
  13. any psychoactive substance, such as LSD or marijuana, that can produce delusions, hallucinations, paranoid, and altered sensory perception
  14. a cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problem associated with alcohol use and abuse
    alcohol use disorders
  15. the frightening hallucinations and body tremors that result when a heavy drinker withdraws from alcohol
    withdrawal delirium
  16. a patttern of problems, including learning deficits, and characteristic physical flaws, resulting from heaving drinking by the victim's mother when she was pregnant with the victim
    fetal alcohol syndrome
  17. enzyme taht helps humans metabolize alcohol. different levels of its subtypes many account from different susceptibilities to disorders such as fetal alcohol syndrome
    alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH)
  18. sedative (and addictive) drug such as Amytal, seconal, or nembutal that is used as a sleep aid
  19. an antianxiety drug such as valium, xanax, dalmane, or halcion also used to reat insomnia. effective against anxiety, benzodiazepines show some side effects, such as some cognitive and motor impairment, and may result in substance dependence. Relapse rates are extremely high when such a drug is discontinued
  20. psychological, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with amphetamine use and abuse
    amphetamine use disorders
  21. cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with the use and abuse of cocaine
    cocaine use disorders
  22. cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with the use and abuse of nicotine
    nicotine use disorders
  23. cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with the use and abuse of caffeine
    caffeine use disorders
  24. cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with the use and abuse of opiates and their synthetic variants
    opiod use disorders
  25. cognitive biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with the use and abuse of hallucinogenic substances
    hallucinogen use disorders
  26. the dried part of the hemp plant; a hallucinogen that is the most widely used illegal substance
  27. the most common hallucinogen drug; a synthetic version of the grain fungus ergot
  28. replacement of a drug on which a person is dependent with one that has similar chemical makeup an agonist
    agonist substitution
  29. medication that blocks or counteracts the effects of a psychoactive drug
    antagonist drug
  30. an extremely controversial treatment approach to alcohol dependednce, in which severe abusers are taught to drink in moderation
    controlled drinking
  31. the extending therapeutic progress by teaching the client how to cope with future troubling situations
    relapse prevention
  32. the episodes during which a person acts on aggressive impulses that result in serious assaults or destruction of property
    intermittent explosive disorder
  33. recurrent failure to resist urges to steal things not needed for personal use or their monetary value
  34. an impulse-control disorder that inolves gaving an irrestible urge to set fires
  35. persistent and recurrent maladaptive gambling bahavior
    pathological gambling
  36. people's urge to pull out their own hair from anywhere on the body, including the scalp, eyebrows, and arm
  37. legal proceeding that determines a person is mentally disordered and may be hospitalized, even involuntarily
    civil commitment laws
  38. term formerly used to mean psychological disorder, but less perferred because it implies that the causes of the disorder can be found in a medical disesase process
    mental illness
  39. tendency to violence that, contrary to popular opinion, is not more likely among mental patients
  40. systematic removal of people with severe mental illness or mental retardation form institutions like psychiatric hospitals
  41. movement of epople with severe mental illness from large psychiatric hospitals to smaller group residences
  42. legal procedure by which a person found not guilty of a crime by reason of insanity must be confined in a psychiatric hospital
    criminal commitment
  43. evidence of an abnormal mental condition in people that causes criminal charges against them requiring intent or knowledge to be reduced to lesser offenses requiring only reckless or criminal neglect
    deminished capacity
  44. ability of legal defendants to participate in their own defense and understand the charges and the roles of the trial particiapnts
  45. mental health professional's responsibility to break confidentiality and notify the potential victim whom the client has specifically threatened
    duty to warn
  46. person who because of special training and experience is allowed to offer opinion testimony in legal trials
    expert witness
  47. one of the proposed set of guidelines for evaluating clinical interventions on the evidence of their effectiveness
    clinical efficacy axis
  48. one of a proposed set of guidelines for evaluating clinical interventions by whether they can be applied effectively and cost effectively in real clinical settings
    clinical utility axis