Acronyms & Abbreviations
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- Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf
- --Organized in 1890, its main goal is to aid schools serving hearing-impaired students in their effort to teach oral-aural communication skills; i.e., speech, speechreading, and use of residual hearing. Its publication is the Volta Review.
- American Deafness and Rehabilitation Association
- -- The primary goal of ADARA is to promote the development and expansion of rehabilitation services for Deaf and Hard of Hearing adults.
- American Sign Language Teachers Association
- -- ASLTA is an organization whose main purposes are to evaluate and certify sign language instructors, Formally known as Sign Instructors Guidance Network (SIGN).
- American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
- -- The majority of ASHA members are speech pathologists, language specialists, and auidologists.
- Americans with Disabilities Act
- -- Comprehensive civil rights legislation that prohibits discrimination on the basis of employment, public services, transportation, public accomodations, and telephone services. Affects interpreters by creating a greater demand for their services.
- Association of Visual Language Interpreters of Canada
- -- Canada's RID counterpart; providing national evaluations, helping to pass laws involving use of interpreters, providing a code of ethics for interpreters, and holding conventions for educational and political and legal purposes.
- California State University- Northridge
- -- CSUN, located at Northridge, CA, has a Leadership Training Program (LTP) for professionals and offers undergraduate and graduate education to hearing, deaf, and hard of hearing students, Its Center on Deafness serves as a disseminator of information on hearing loss.
- Communication Access Realtime Translation
- -- The instant translation of the spoken word into English text using a stenotype machine, notebook computer and realtime software.
- Certified Deaf Interpreter
- -- Certification for interpreters who are Deaf or hard of hearing and who may work in teams with other interpreters who may require the services of a Deaf interpreter.
- Code of Professional Conduct
- -- NAD & RID jointly accepted the NAD-RID Code of Professional Conduct (formerly known as the Code of Ethics) in July, 2005. The seven embodied tenets set forth guiding principles of ethical behaviour for the two organizations.
- Commision on Collegiate Interpreter Education
- -- A national independent body to support and maintain standards, to promote excellence, and to provide accreditation to professional progams in interpretation. Established July, 2006. Twelve Commisioners serve on its board. [Phyllis]
- Communications Skills Program
- -- CSP was the first official sign language development and instructor program of the NAD, Inc.
- Community Outreach Program for the Deaf
- -- A non-profit organization under the umbrella of Catholic Community Services of Tuscon, AZ. Encourages local individuals to become invilved in their own community services. ABQ branch also.
- Convention of American Instructors of the Deaf
- -- An organization of hearing-impared persons in the US and Canada, founded in 1850. Its publication is the American Annals of the Deaf.
- Conference of Interpreter Trainers-- Founded in 1979 to provide professional development opportunites for educators and instructors of interpreters for deaf people.
- Council on Education of the Deaf
- -- The CED is made up of representatives from the AGB, the Conference of Executives of the American Schools for the Deaf (CEASD), and CAID. Established in 1960. the CED certifies teachers of deaf persons, and lobbies for the educational needs of deaf persons.
DVR. BVR, VR
- Division of Vocational Rehab, Bureau ----, ---
- -- Each state has a VR agency whose main goal is to assist its clients to seek and maintain employment.
- Educational Interpreter Performance Assessment
- -- A process designed to evaluate the interpreting skills of interpreters who work with children. Centered in Boys TOwn National Research Hospital in Omaha, Nebraska.
- Gallaudet University Alumni Association
- -- Membership is usually restricted to graduates of GU in D.C.
- Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
- -- In 1975, PL 94-142 was passed by the U.S. Congress requiring that all children with disabilities, including those who are deaf, be educated in the "least restrictive environment:. This is often interpreted to mean the regular classroom. In 1990 congress reauthorized this law and changed its name to IDEA.
- Individual Education Program
- -- An individual written plan of instruction for a handicapped child. IEP was developed wit the passing of PL 94-142 (IDEA) in 1975.
ITP, IPP, IEP
- Interpreter Training Program
- -- Denotes a signed language development and instructor program, usually at either the baccalaureate or associate degree level.
- National Association of the Deaf
- -- NAD was founded in 1880 in Concinnati, OH. The main office of the NAD is in Silver Spring, MD. The Broadcaster is the regular publication of the NAD.
--Includes primarily deaf persons who are 17 years and younger. Its goal is to assist in the development of leadership and citizenship in young deaf and hard of hearing persons.
- New Mexico Association of the Deaf
- -- Local chapter of NAD founded in ABQ, during the summer of 1970.
- National Fraternal Society of the Deaf
- -- The "Frat" was founded in 1901, with a goal of providing low cost insurance benefits for Deaf and hard of hearing persons.
- National Center for law and the Deaf
- -- Located at GU in D.C., it is funded jointly by Gallaudet and the NAD. Its goal is to provide legal services for Deaf and hard of hearing individuals in a manner that will assist the population as a whole.
- National Interpreter Training Consortium
- -- The NITC was a federally funded program from 1973-1978. Its five goals were 1) to train beginning interpreters 2) to upgrade interpreters' skills 3) to help establish ITPs 4) to provide curriculum for ITPs 5) to provide consumer education. NITC sponsored regional interpreter training through workshops, seminars, and dissemination of materials.
- National Technical Institute of the Deaf-- Located in Rochester, NY, it is a federally funded program for the deaf and hard of hearing students. Founded in 1968, it is one of the 10 colleges of the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT).
- National Theater of the Deaf
- -- Founded at the O'Neill Theatre Center at Waterford, Conn. in 1967. Its purpose was to create a new theatre from based on visual langauge. NTD is composed of hearing as well as Deaf actors.
- National Symposium on Sign Language Research & Teaching
- -- In 1977, Chicago was the location of the first formal national gathering of linguists and teachers of signed langauges. Since then, many national forums on signed language research and teaching have been conducted in the US.
- NM Commission for the Deaf & Hard-of-Hearing
- -- It is composed of a board of 7 including the Commissioner for the deaf and hard of hearing.
- New Mexico Mentoring
- -- Established in 2005 as a state-wide program designed to support the professional development of working signed language interpreters. Mentors guide the mentees through an individualized and structured curriculum.
- NM School for the Deaf
- -- Established originally in 1885 by Lars M. Larson, the residential school for the deaf's mean campus is located in SF. Branch campuses have been established throughout the state.
- Oral Deaf Adult Section
- -- An affiliate of the AGB, ODAS is composed of hearing-impaired adults. The primary goal is to demonstrate through membership and statistics that oral hearing-impaired persons can be successful.
- Quality Assurance-- Its original purpose was to help prepare interpreters for the RID certification evals, and to provide information to DVR agencies regarding the skill level of non-certified interpreters. State screening of interpreters.
- Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf, Inc.
- -- Established in 1964, its purpose is to provide national evaluation of interpreters, to help pass laws involving use of interpreters, to provide a code of ethics for interpreters, and to hold a convention every two years. Publications are the VIEWS, and RID Journal of Interpretation.
- Ethical Practices System-- Provides the RID membership opportunity to address concerns or file complaints regarding the quality of interpreter/transliterator services through policies set by the mediators and adjudicators of the Professional Standards Committee (PSC).
- National Certification Board
- -- Responsible for confirming and revoking certification and for reviewing appeals. NTB: establishes the policies and procedures necessary for administering the RID National Testing System (NTS) which trains and monitors the performance of the Local Test Administrators (LTA) and Raters.
- National Council on Interpreting
- -- The joint NAD and RID NCI was established to rain the ASL/English interpreting/transliterating standards by producing the NIC examinations of interpreting skills and knowledge that shows an individual has passed a test with both interpreting and transliterating elements, as opposed to one or the other.
- National Interpreter Certification
- --Individuals achieving certification at the NIC, NIC advanced or NIC Master level are all professionally certified interpreters following passage of the NIC exams tests conducted by RID.
- NM RID-- Affiliated chapter of the national RID since 1971.
- Telecommunications for the Deaf, Inc.
- -- TDI was founded in 1964. Its purpose is to coordinate the distribution of TTYs and establish standards for compatibility. The newsletter, GASK, publishes information about Telecommunication devices for the deaf (TDDs).
- The Interpreting Center--Established in 1980 under the auspicious of NMRID; clsoed in the fall of 1993. For 9 years, TIC served as the first state-wide interpreter referral agency and information center until the state assumed responsibility.
- Self Help for the Hard of Hearing
- -- A national consumer based organization. Often promotes the use of different types of technical devices to ensure that various environments will be accessible.
- Video Relay Service
- -- A communications service used by deaf, hard of hearing, and speech impaired persons. An interpreter interprets between a signed language user (viewed on a TV) and a person who uses spoken English, or vice-versa. Sorenson established this service in NM July 2005.
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