History Reconstruction vocab

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Author:
ashleecortess
ID:
154057
Filename:
History Reconstruction vocab
Updated:
2012-05-15 21:13:41
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history
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Description:
Chapter 17.4: The Legacy of the War & Chapter 18: Reconstruction
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  1. Thirteenth Amendment
    an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1865, banning slavery and involuntary servitude in the United States
  2. John Wilkes Booth
    a Confederate supporter who assassinated Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C. five days after Lee's surrender at Appomatox
  3. Radical Republican
    a congressman who, after the Civil War, favored using the government to create a new order in the South and to give African Americans full citizenship and the right to vote
  4. Reconstruction
    the process the U.S. government used to readmit the Confederate states to the Union after the Civil War
  5. Freedmen's Bureau
    a federal agency set up to help former slaves after the Civil War
  6. Andrew Johnson
    president after Lincoln's assassination, he vetoed the Civil Rights Act of 1866; Congress voted to override the President's veto
  7. black code
    a law passed by Southern states that limited the freedom of former slaves
  8. civil rights
    rights granted to all citizens
  9. Fourteenth Amendment
    an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, passed in 1868, that made all persons born or naturalized in the United States – including former slaves – citizens of the country
  10. freedmen's school
    a school set up to help former slaves after the Civil War
  11. sharecropping
    a system in which landowners gave farm workers land, seed, and tools in return for a part of the crops they raised
  12. Ku Klux Klan
    a group formed in 1866 that wanted to restore Democratice control of the South and to keep former slaves powerless; the group called for a "racially and morally pure" America
  13. lynch
    to kill victims on the spot without a trial as punishment for a supposed crime
  14. Fifteenth Amendment
    passed in 1870, this amendment to the U.S. Constitution stated that citizens could not be stopped from voting "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude"
  15. Panic of 1873
    a financial crisis in which banks closed and the stock market collapsed
  16. Compromise of 1877
    the agreement that resolved an 1876 election dispute: Rutherford B. Hayes became president and then removed the last troops from the South

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