Card Set Information
health final exam
study of the structure of body parts
study of function of body parts
body parts that transports blood througout body to keep it functioning properly.
larget blood vessels that cary oxygenated blood away from the heart.
takes blood from the body back to the heart
smallest blood vessels thatcarry blood from arteries to body's cells and from those cells to the veins
condition characterized by shortage of red blood cells
occurs when blood flow to one part of the brain is severely restricted or cut off.
infection of the lungs and causes difficulty breathing.
swelling or inflammation of the bronchi
group of tissues that make body parts move.
organs that take in food and break it down into achemical form tht can be absorbed by the body.
provides ways for waste to be excreted from the body.
includes skin, hair, sweat glands, and oil glands
inborn resistance to certain diseases.
the body adapts to respond to certain invaders and then can remember who the intruders were so next time they care ready to attack.
maintains moneostasis (a stable internal environment)
comes from animal resources like meat, poultry, fish, cheese, eggs
starches that turn to sugar
what is LDL
Low Density Lipoproteins
also called bad cholestoral
what is HDL
High Density Lipoprotein
also called good cholestoral
organic substances that body needs to help regulate and coordinate functions of the body
inorganic substances essential for your body
self-induced starvation resulting in extreme weight loss, intense fear of gaining weight and becoming fat.
pattern of bingeing (eating large amounts of food) followed by self-induced vomiting, or laxative abuse with or without weight loss.
volume of blood pumped by heart in one minute
volume of blood heart pumped at each stroke
activies you can participate in, throughout your life... examples: golf, swimming, tennis
gradually doing more than normal to improve your performance
starting with little and gradually adding to it regularly to improve
principle of exercise that you must do specific kinds of exercise to develop certain parts of the body.
responsible for more infections than any other pathogen
one-celled tiny organisms that come in many shapes.
organisms that usually cause diseases of the skin such as ringworm and athletes foot.
those that develop suddenly with symptoms that are often severe.
develop gradually and may persist for years
caused by a virus that is spread through fecally-contaminated food, water, or objects
Can cause extensive liver damage in a person suffering from this infection
most common of STD in US- most difficult to discover, can casue great damage to reproductive system
next most common STD after chlamydia
often called the "preventer of life" because it can cause sterilization in both males and females
STD called "the great imitator" because it looks like many other diseases.
3 types of cardiovascular disease
high blood pressure
hardening of arteries
High Blood Pressure
insulin dependent - usually in young people, but can develop up to age 35
non insulin dependant. usually appears gradually in people over age 40
your body's response to external and internal changes
is the stimulus that triggers stress
occurs when the stress reaches a point when feelings of depression, confussion, and exhaustion replace natural excitement and drive to meet a challenge.
flaking of the outer layer of dead skin cells
insects that can live in the hair and look much like dandruff
gum disease caused by buildup of plaque and tarter on the teeth
more advanced gum disease
grainy, sticky coating that is constantly forming on your teeth
hard substance that is formed on teeth
condition where upper and lower teeth do not align properly
to expose to hazard or danger
unexpected harmful event that occurs by chance
forcing a person to have sex without consent
sexual intercourseis attemptedbut doesnt occur
adult has sex with a minor with minor consent
affects only the outer layer of skin
first degree burn
damage not only to outer layer of skin but also the layer beneath
second degree burn
very serious burns in which all the layers of skin are damaged
third degree burns