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What are the ways of departing an aerodrome IFR?
- Published instrument departure procedure
- Climb in track above enroute descent or VORSEC/VORTAC chart steps
- Specified track, radar heading or radar SIDor heading within an evaluated climb sector
- Departure instructions containing an initial altitude restriction when radar control is being exercised.
- By day only, having due regard to prevailing met conditions,a departure maintaining terrain clearance visually to applicable MSA or specified upper limit or setheading point or altitude.
State the following speeds for Cat B aircraft:
- Vat: 91-120
- Intial approach: 120-180
- Reversal: 140
- Finals: 85-130
- Circling: 135
- Missed approach: 150
- Hold: 170
- SID: 165
What are the SID requirements?
- Make good a min climb gradient of 3.3% (200ft/nm)
- Climb on runway centreline to 400ft before turning
- Max IAS for turns during the SID assuming an average AOB of 15deg for Cat B is 165kts
What is the difference between the green and white instrument ratings?
- Green rating allows pilots to fly to the minima stated on the plate.
- White rating restricts pilots to MDA +200ft and a minimum of 3700m vis or as prescribed on the plate whichever is higher
When are you considered to be established on the arc?
What seperation does the MSA on the arc provide?
1000ft vertical or 2000ft if mountainous and 2.5nm either side of track
What seperation does the MSA on the hold provide?
1000/2000ft and a 5nm buffer
In what range can you intercept a straight in instrument apprach?
When cleared to join final approach track direct from enroute,at what point does the final approach commence?
The final approach commences at a fix on the final approach track up to which enroute terrain clearance applies
How do you typically operate PALs?
- 5 rapid and short bursts on the designated frequency collectively not exceeding 3s
- To change brightness/runway lighting in use repeat the sequence but hold the button on the last transmission
- A single transmission once activated will reset the 20minute timer
What are the requirements with regards to IFR flight plans?
- The pilot must:
- Submit a flight plan prior to any IFR flight
- Submit flight plan at least 30 minutes prior to beginning of flight
- Advise appropriate ATS unit ASAP of any delay exceeding 30mins
- Terminate the flight plan on completion of flight
When must a VFR flight plan be submitted?
- It is planned for the aircraft to proceed more than 50nm from shore
- an alerting service is required
What must the pilot of an aircraft for which a VFR flight plan is submitted do?
- Inform an appropriate ATS unit of any change to the flight plan SARTIME before it expires
- Terminate the flight plan before the SARTIME
What are the types of services provided by ATS?
- Air traffic control servicesto prevent collisions and maintain an orderly flow of traffic to: IFR in Class A/C/D - VFR in class C/D - aerodrome traffic at controlled aerodromes
- Area FIS to give advice and info useful for the safe conduct of flights
- AFIS to aircraft operating in the vicinity of an aerodrome with a flight service station
- Alerting services to all flights that have filed a flight plan and all flights known toATS to initiate SAR
When must you carry out a missed approach?
- If at the missed approach point, the pilot has not established visual reference with any portion of the r/way or visual landing aids in terms of the met minima prescribed for the approach
- An identifiable part of the aerodrome is not distinctly visible to the pilot during a circling manoeuvre
- At any time when directed by ATC
When may you be cleared for a visual approach?
- Specifically states "request visual approach" and,
- Can maintain visual reference to the terrain and,
- Reported ceiling is not below the approved initial approach level for the aircraft so cleared or,
- Pilot reports that the met conditions will permit a visual approach and that there is reasonable assurance that the landing can be accomplished
Unless otherwise instructed or approved what are you to do once cleared for a visual approach?
Join finals by the shortest practical means
What met conditions are considered suitable for a visual approach?
- By day only,vis is at least 16km and ceiling is at least 1000' above the applicable min radar vectoring altitude or the applicable instrument approach procedure commencement altitude
- By night only at CH for r/way 11 or 29 provided the vis is at least 16km and there is no cloud below 5000'
When may you carry out a visual approach in uncontrolled airspace?
- Provided the pilot:
- can maintain visual reference to the terrain and,
- ceiling is not below the initial approach level or,
- the pilot has reasonable assurance that the met conditions will permit a visual approach and landing to be accomplished
What are some considerations to maintain seperation IFR outside of controlled airspace?
- Maintain a listening watch on appropriate freq
- Establish 2 way comms with the ATS unit providing flight info
- Report: - Departure time asap after departure
- - Position enroute at intervals not exceeding 30mins
- - When changing level
- - Prior to entering controlled airspace
- - Prior to commencing an instrument approach
When may a pilot take-off from a secondary runway that is not included in the departure procedure from that aerodrome but does have a promulgated IFR take off minimum?
- Pilot maintains terrain clearance visually until established on a promulgated departure procedure
- Aircraft maintains an adequate climb gradient to ensure obstacle clearance
Prior to leaving an evaluated climb sector, what must the aircraft be?
- Established on an evaluated route
- Established on a climb above VORSEC/VORTAC steps
- Established under radar control at or above min radar terrain contour level
- At or above an approved area MSA
Aircraft flying published instrument departure procedures based on terrestial nav aids must do what?
Fly over associated nav aids/ fixes unless otherwise instructed
What are the IFR take off minima?
- At or above minima stated in the op data chart for that aerodrome
- Or,if not detailed, 300'/1500m vis
What are the reduced IFR take off minima and when may they be used?
- 0 cloud ceiling, vis of 800m
- Centreline marking or centreline lighting
- Take-off weather vis is confirmed by the pilot by observation of centreline marking/ lights
- AD 2 allows reduced t/o minima to be used
- Obstacles in the take-off flight path are taken into account
- If twin prop aircraft, must have auto-feather/ auto-coarse
When may you intercept the arc from the inside?
- Under radar control or
- VFR, or in VMC until established on the final approach track
What is the difference between MDA and DA?
- MDA: a sepcified altitude in a non-precision approach or circling approach below which descent must not be made without the required visual reference.
- DA: a specified altitude in a precision approach, or approach with vertical guidance,at which a missed approach must be initiated if the required visual reference has not been established