Basic Nursing Skills Obj. 1-3

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befreshbaby
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15423
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Basic Nursing Skills Obj. 1-3
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2010-04-20 20:47:28
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Basic Nursing Skills Obj
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Basic Nursing Skills Obj. 1-3
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  1. Basic Nursing Skills
    1. Emergency Preparedness
    2. Know Emergency Exits
    3. Security
    -Code Gray is..
    -Code Silver is..
    • Code Gray: Combative person/ patient
    • Code Silver: Person with a weapon and/or hostage situation
  2. What do you do for an accident?
    • 1. Think and Prevent them!
    • 2. Educate the Patient on how to avoid accidents
    • 3. Be aware of surroundings, observe, and first aid.
    • - Incident report
    • - If you have any knowledge of situation fill it out
    • - No blame, used for education and prevention
    • - do not chart that the incident report was filled out.
  3. ***Nursing Process

    A. D. P. I. E.
    • Assessment- collect data that is pertinent (having logical reason) to the patients health or the situation
    • Diagnosis- analyzes assessment data to determine the issue and select diagnosis
    • Plan- develo a plan that prescribe strategies that will attain the desired outcome.
    • Implementation- implement the identified plan
    • Evaluation- evaluates the patients progress towards attaining the desired outcome
    • - Goals (short, long term)
    • - Outcomes
  4. ***Documentation

    SOAP NOTE stands for..
    • Subjective- the patient states what they believe is the problem..
    • Objective- What you see, hear, smell, touch , feel and measure
    • Assessment- your diagnosis, what you think needs to happen
    • Plan- plan of care
  5. Infection Control

    Define:

    1. Asepsis
    2. Medical Asepsis
    3. Surgical Asepsis
    • 1. Asepsis- Clean
    • 2. Medical Asepsis- confining a specific microorganism to a specific area, or to limit the number of organisms, their growth and their transmission.
    • 3. Surgical Asepsis (the Sterile Technique) - keeping an object free of microorganisms and spore. Used for surgery.
  6. Transmission of Microorganisms

    Six steps in the chain of infection are..
    • 1. Etiologic Agent (Microorganism)
    • 2. Reservior (Source)
    • 3. Portal of Exit from reservoir
    • 4. Method of Transmission
    • 5. Portal of entry to the susceptible host.
    • 6. Susceptible host
  7. Nosocomial Infections

    1. Hospital acquired infections
    2. Can come from endogenous source
    3. exogenous source

    define!

    1. Endogenous
    2. Exogenous

    Most common microorganisms that cause exogenous infections are..
    • 1. Endogenous- from the patients own body
    • 2. Exogenous - Health care environment or personnel


    E. coli, S. aureus, Enterococcus.
  8. State the Causative agents of disease
    • 1. Bacteria
    • 2. Viruses
    • 3. Fungi
    • 4. Protozoa
  9. Common Bacteria
    • 1. Streptococci
    • 2. Staphylococci
    • 3. Diplococci
    • 4. Bacilli
    • 5. Spirilla
    • 6. Rickettsiae
  10. Viruses
    • 1. Smallest known causing agent
    • 2. Cannot live outside the body
    • 3. Examples are..
    • - The common cold (self limiting)
    • - Hepatitis, Herpes, HIV (causes serious illness and/or death)
  11. Fungi
    • 1. Yeast or molds
    • 2. Examples are:
    • - Athletes foot cause by Fungi
    • - Yeast infection (candida albicans)
    • - Coccidiomycosis: Valley Fever (attacks the respiratory system)
    • - Histoplasmosis: Bird Droppings_
  12. Protozoa
    • 1. Example of Parasite (lives on other living organisms)
    • 2. Malaria caused by protozoa
    • 3. Worms, ticks, fleas mites are examples of parasites

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