The flashcards below were created by user daniellemarie on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. What fin of the sharks allows it to guide through th water and steer up and down or side to side?
  2. what fin of the sharks provide stability and balance for the shark?
  3. what fin of the sharks allows the shark to propel forwad?
  4. what fin of the shark allows the shark to change directions while swimming?
  5. What is the pointed snout like projection of the shark called?
  6. What are the pair of openings on each side of the head, where water is taken in through the smaller opening and is expelled through the larger opening and takes the water past the sensory membrane so it can detect chemicals
    external nares
  7. what are the small openings toward the rears of the eyes of sharks
  8. what openings on a shark allow water to pass through gills even when the mouth is closed
  9. what are five vertical slits of sharks that allow water to exit after passing over the gills
    gill slits
  10. what are the finger like extenstions of the middle edge of each pelvic fin of the shark that also aid in sperm transfer
  11. what are located in each dorsal fin of the shark that is used for defense and has a posion gland
    dorsal spines
  12. what is the exit of the digestive tract and opening for sex organs of sharks
  13. where does the chemical break down in sharks take place
  14. what is the short, u shaped portion of the small intestine that connects the stomach to the intestine and recevies bile from the gallbladder
  15. what organ stores oils and fatty acids and produces bile for the break down of fats and detoxifies blood?
  16. what organ functions in the storage of bile secreted from the liver, locatee within the smaller lober of the liver
  17. what organ carries bile from the liver to the gall bladder and hleps the digestion of fats
    bile duct
  18. what organ of the shark is a spiral valve that is twisted to increase surface area which increases nutrient absorbtion
    spiral intestine
  19. what organ works with filtering blood and destroys old worn out red blood cells
  20. what is the thick muscular tube extending from the top of the cavity connecting the oral cavity and pharynx with the stomach
  21. what organs excrete liquid waste
  22. what ogan controls the salt concentration within the body
    rectal gland
  23. what is the connective tissue that holds organs in place
  24. what organ leads to the cloaca by means of a duct and stores waste material before it leaves the body in shark
  25. what part of the shark heart pumps blood to the gills
  26. what part of the sharks heart functions in forcing blood to the ventricle
  27. what organ of the sharks collects deoxygenated blood
    sinus vinous
  28. what organ of the shark carries blood from the heart to the gills and other organs
  29. what is the water tight seal around the lamprey's mouth called
    buccal papillae
  30. what set of teeth of the lamprey attach itself fo its prey
  31. what set of teeth of the lamprey penetrate through the scales and flesh of its prey
  32. what are the muscles on the trunk of the lmapry that are arranged in w shaped bundles called
  33. what are the membranes in a lamprey that seperate the myotomes
  34. what muscle of the lamprey pulls the tongue back
  35. what muscle of the lamprey is used to stick the tongue out
  36. what structure of the lamprey initiate the digestion of the hosts' tissue and prevent blood from clotting
    buccal glands
  37. what stucture of the lamprey is ued for body support
  38. what part of the lampreys heart pumps blood and collects blood returning to the heart
    sinus venosus
  39. what part of the lampreys heart holds blood before it gets put in the ventricle
  40. what part of the lampreys heart pumps blood to the ventral aorta
  41. what organ potects the heart
    pericardial cavity
  42. what organ of lampreys takes blood from the heart to the gills
    ventral aorta
  43. what ogan of the lampreys takes blood to the fest of the body
    dorsal aorta
  44. what organ of the lamprey drains deoxygenated blood fom the liver to the heart
    hepatic vein
  45. what organ of the lamprey are the main sites of respiration and excretion
    gill lamellae
  46. what organ of the lamprey makes sure food enters the esophagus and water enters the gills
  47. what organs of the lamprey filters waste and aids in salt balance
  48. what is the jawless mouth of lampreys called
    buccal funnel
  49. what structure of lampreys functions in smelling
    median nostril
  50. what organ of lampreys functions for the endocrine system and setting the biological clock
    pineal gland
  51. what organ of lampreys do waste and gamete go through to get to the cloaca
    urgenital papilla
  52. what structure of turtles are the sections of horny shileds that make up the shell
  53. what connects the carapace and plastron
  54. what is the boney jaws with serrated ridges on turtles
  55. what structure is the opening in the front of the mouth that is connected to the larynx/trachea and then the lungs
  56. what organ is a ribbed tube that connects the lungs to the glottis
  57. what organ is used to mechanically digest food
  58. what organ is where the bile and pancreatic duct empty into to complete the digestion of carbs, proteins, and lipids and where nutrients are absorbed as well as water
  59. what organ contains numerous digestive glands
  60. what organ reabsorbs water from the waste products of the digestive system
  61. what organ is a anterior to the heart and makes protein and controls the rate of metabolism
  62. what organ of the turtle is a tightly coiled tube that carries sperm
  63. what organ carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
  64. what organ in turtles stores water for future use
    acessory bladder
  65. what organ of the turtle are large blood vessels that run along each side of ventral midline
    ventral abdominal veins
  66. what part of the turtle heart receives deoxygenated blood from the body and empties it into the right ventricle
    right atrium
  67. what part of the turtle heart receives exygenated blood form the pulmonary veins and pumps blood to the left side of the ventricle
    left atrium
  68. what part of the turtle heart sends deoxygentated blood through the pulmonary arteries to lungs for gass exchange and sends oxygenated blood to the body
  69. what gland of birds produce oil
    uropygial gland
  70. what part of a birds wing helps prevent stalling
  71. what part of the birds heart collects blood returning from the body
    right atrium
  72. what part of the birds heart collects blood returning from the blood
    left atrium
  73. what part of the birds heart pumps deoxygenated blood
    right ventricle
  74. what part of the birds heart pumps oxgenated blood
    left ventricle
  75. what part of the birds heart carries blood to the body from the left ventricle
  76. what part of the bird sends blood to the head neck and wings
    brachiocephalic artery
  77. what part of the bird carries blood back to the heart
    jugular veins
  78. what part of the bird returns deoxygenated blood from the body into the heart
    post cava
  79. what sex organ carries sperm to the cloaca of birds
    vas deferens
  80. what organ stores food in birds
  81. what organ in birds is lined with glands that secrete enzymes
  82. what organ of birds functions in digestion and abosrbtion
    small intestine
  83. what organ of birds is used to decompose fibrous foods
  84. what gland of rabbits secretes oil that lubricates the skin and hair
  85. what gland of rabbits secretes sweat
  86. what gland produces tears
  87. what gland produces oily substance for scent recognition with other rabbits
  88. what gland is used to mark territory
  89. what protects the lungs in rabbits
  90. what organ of rabbits blocks of food and liquid from entering the trachea and allos air to pass through the larynx into the rest of the body
  91. what organ of rabbits banch off the trachea and carry air to each lung
  92. what organ of rabbits is used from inhaling and exhaling
  93. what organ of rabbits chemically breaks down food
  94. what organ of rabbits is right before where food enters the small intestines
  95. what organ of rabbitss controls what food flows from stomach to duodenum
    pyloric sphincter
  96. what organ of rabbits abosrbs nutrients
    jejunem and ileum
  97. what part of the rabbit focuses on absoring water
    ascending colon
  98. what part of rabbit focuses on feces formatin
    descending colon
  99. what organ of rabbits produces cellulose to break down plat walls
  100. what part of rabbits receive deoxygenated blood from head
    right atrium
  101. rabbits- recevies oxygenated blood from lungs
    left atrium
  102. what organ of rabbits produces t cells fro immune response
  103. what carries oxygenated blood form heart to body
  104. what carries blood to the liver for detoxification before returning to right atrium
    hepatic portal vein
Card Set:
2012-05-17 02:53:56

Show Answers: