E&S:Lecture 3

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Author:
dante01
ID:
154344
Filename:
E&S:Lecture 3
Updated:
2012-05-17 00:53:52
Tags:
Midterm
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study
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  1. When and where were dinosaurs wiped out?
    • -65 millions years ago
    • -Giant impact at Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary
  2. The Key distinguishing aspect of Homo genus and uses
    • -Bipedalism
    • -frees arms
    • 1. Foraging and feeding
    • 2. Using tools
    • 3. Fighting
    • 4. Bringing food back to family
    • 5. improved thermal regulation (Factor of 4)
  3. The last ice age was
    18,000 years ago
  4. Factors for the development of human intelligence
    • 1. Environmental pressures
    • 2. Social interactions
    • 3. Sexual selection
    • 4. Nutrition
  5. culture
    The learned behavior transmitted from generation to generation
  6. Early humans used fire how many years ago?
    790,000 years ago
  7. The first "killerapp"
    The control of fire
  8. What did fire provide for early and modern humans?
    • 1. Light (extending walking hours)
    • 2. Warmth
    • 3. Protection from predators and insects
    • 4. Tool for hunting and tool making
    • 5. Colonize in colder climates
    • 6. Cook food
    • 7. Improve communication skills
  9. First evidence of Homo sapiens
    • 195,000 years ago
    • -Omo river in Ethiopia
  10. Humans trading how many years ago?
    120,000 years ago
  11. where did trade evolve from?
    Specialized sex roles in humans
  12. How does specialization roles promote economic growth?
    eliminates inefficiency
  13. Humanity's second killer app
    Trade
  14. When and where was human civilization born?
    • -8,000 years BC
    • -In the Fertile Crescent, southwest Asia
  15. Humanity third "killer app"
    The cultivation of grain
  16. What is civilization characterized by?
    • 1. agriculture
    • 2. long-distance trade
    • 3. Occupational specialization
    • 4. Urbanism
  17. The first working steam engine was invented by
    • James Watt in 1765
    • - converted heat from burning fuel into kinetic energy
  18. The key resources that made the industrial revolution possible
    • 1. Coal
    • 2. Iron

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