Clin Chem, Arrows

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Author:
lynnsy
ID:
154400
Filename:
Clin Chem, Arrows
Updated:
2012-05-25 06:11:51
Tags:
Bel rea Pre Clin
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Description:
Arrows!!!!
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  1. Liver - info - ALT
    • SGPT
    • Liver specific dogs cats primates not others
  2. Liver - info - AST
    • SGOT
    • Hepatocytes, RBC's, Cardiac muscle, Skele muscle, kidneys, pancreas
  3. Liver - info - Alk Phos
    • ALK, ALP, ALKP
    • Need to know age of animal
    • Osteoblasts/Condroblast, hepatobiliary cells
  4. Liver - info - GGT
    • Good lrg animal liver indicator
    • Hepatocytes
  5. Liver - info - T.Bili(I and D)
    • I goes up in hemolysis
    • D goes up in HBO / liver dz
  6. Liver - info - CHOL
    • made by liver plus diet
    • Inc. with Hyperthyroidism, DM
  7. Liver - info - TP(Albumine + Globulins)
    • Albumine - made by liver
    • Globs - Alpha Beta made by liver
  8. Kidney - info - BUN
    • Azotemias = ^
    • Dec. = young or Liver Dz
  9. Kidney - info - CREA
    • Muscle cells
    • Dec = Dyresis
  10. Pancreas - info - GLU
    • ^ = DM, post pran, stress fear, Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushings)
    • Dec. = Liver fail
  11. Pancreas - info - Amylase/Lipase
    • Norm lipase rule out pancreatitis
    • ^ lipase = DM
  12. Pancreas - info - CK
    • CPK
    • Striated muscle
  13. Sodium - Na - Dec.
    • Decreased Intake
    • Overhydration
    • Edema (hrt / liver failure)
    • V/D
    • Hypoadrenocorticism(Addison's)
    • Diuretic
    • Chronic Renal failure (polyuric)
  14. Sodium - Na - Inc.
    • Dehydration
    • Salt poisoning
  15. Potassium - K - Dec.
    • Anorexia / cachexia
    • V/D
    • Diuretic
    • Chronic renal failure (polyuric)
  16. Potassium - K - Inc.
    • Acute renal failure
    • Urinary Tract obstruction
    • Urinary Tract rupture
    • Hypoadrenocorticism (addison's)
    • Hemolysis
  17. Chloride - Cl - Dec.
    • Dec. with Na
    • Vomitting
    • Diuretics
  18. Chloride - Cl - Inc.
    • Inc. with Na
    • Inversly with HCO3 (Diarrhea)
  19. Magnesium - Mg - Dec.
    Grass tetany
  20. Calcium - Ca - Dec.
    • Hypoparathyroidism / Parathyroidectomy
    • Eclampsia
    • Ethylene glycol intoxication
  21. Calcium - Ca - Inc.
    • Hyperparathyroidism
    • Lymphosarcoma (Paraneoplastic)
    • Multiple myeloma
    • Osteosarcoma / Osteomyelitis
  22. Phosphorus - Phos - Dec.
    • Decreased intake
    • Hormonal imbalances that affect Ca (Hyperparathyroidism)
  23. Phosphorus - Phos - Inc.
    • Renal failure
    • Urinary obstruction
    • Hormonal imbalances that affect Ca (Hypoparathyriodism/ectomy)
    • Hemolysis
  24. Total CO2 - TCO2 - HCO3 - Dec.
    • Metabolic acidosis
    • (Renal Dz / Lactic acidosis / Heart Fail / Shock / Colic / Pneumonia / Extreme Excercise)
    • Ethylene Gycol
    • Diarrhea
  25. Total CO2 - TCO2 - HCO3 - Inc.
    • Metabolic Alkalosis
    • Vomitting
  26. Blood Gas Analysis used for diagnosing ?
    Acid base imbalance / Hypoxia
  27. Partial Press. of CO2 - pCO2 - Inc.
    • Hypercapnea
    • Respiratory Acidosis (Slow breathing)
    • Dec. Alveolar ventilation
    • Anesthesia
  28. Partial Press. of CO2 - pCO2 - Dec.
    • Hypocapnea
    • Respiratory Alkalosis (fast Breathing)
    • Inc alveolar ventilation
    • Panting
  29. Partial Press. of CO2 - pCO2 - Inc.
    Anesthesia
  30. Partial Press. of CO2 - pCO2 - Dec.
    Hypoxia
  31. Blood Gas Testing Process
    • 1. 3cc syringe 22 or 25ga coated with heparin
    • 2. draw 0.5-1.5ml arterial blood, venous for acid base
    • 3. all air expelled and needle in stopper
    • 4. analyze room temp in 15-30mins, 2hrs in ice bath
    • 5. need animals temp

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