15.9-15.10

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Author:
DesLee26
ID:
154451
Filename:
15.9-15.10
Updated:
2012-05-17 17:48:26
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Anatomy Physiology
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Seniors
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  1. The lengthy __ receives secretions from the __ and __, completes __ of the nutrients in __, __ the products of digestion, and __ the remaining residues to the __.
    small intestine

    pancreas

    liver

    digestion

    chyme

    absorbs

    transports

    large intestin
  2. The small intestine consists of the __,__,__.
    duodenum

    jejunum

    ileum
  3. The __ is the shortest and most fixed portion of the small intestine; the rest is __ and lies __ in the __.
    duodenum

    mobile

    free

    peritoneal cavity
  4. The small intestine is suspended from the __ by a __ of __ called __.
    posterior abdominal wall

    double-layered fold

    peritoneum

    mesentery
  5. The inner wall of the small intestine is lined with __, which greatly increase the __ available for __ and aid in __.
    intestinal villi

    SA

    absorption

    mixing actions
  6. Each __ contains a core of __ housing __ and a __ called a __.
    villus

    connective tissue

    blood capillaries

    lymphatic capillary

    lacteal
  7. Between the bases of adjacent __ are __.
    villi

    tubular intestinal glands
  8. Cells that secrete mucus in the small intestine include __, which are abundant throughout the __, and __ in the __ of the __.
    goblet cells

    mucosa

    mucus-secreting glands

    submucosa

    duodenum
  9. __ at the bases of the __ secrete large amounts of watery fluid that carry __ products into the __.
    intestinal glands

    villi

    digestive products

    villi
  10. __ of the __ have embeed __ on their __, including __(5)__.
    epithelial cells

    mucosa

    digestive enzymes

    microvilli

    peptidases

    sucrase

    maltase

    lactase

    intestinal lipase
  11. The small intestine is the major site of __ within the alimentary of the canal.

    Absorption of the following (5)
    absorption

    • monosaccharides
    • amino acids

    fatty acids

    water

    electrolytes
  12. The small intestine carries on __ and __.

    The __ at the junction of the small and large
    intestines usually remains closed unless a __ is elicited after a meal.
    segmentation

    peristaltic waves

    ileocecal sphincter

    gastroileal reflex
  13. What does the large intestine do?
    absorbs water and electrolytes and forms and stores feces
  14. The large intestine consists of the __, __, the __, and the __.
    cecum (pouch at the beginning of hte LI)

    colon (ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid regions)

    rectum

    anal canal
  15. The __ opens to the outside as the __: it is guarded by an __ and a __.
    anal canal

    anus

    involuntary internal anal sphincter

    voluntary external anal sphincter muscle
  16. The large intestinal wall has the same __ layers found in other areas of the alimentary canal, but lacks many of the features of the __.
    four

    small intestinal mucosa
  17. Fibers of the __ are arranged in __ that extend the entire length of the __, creating a series of __ (__).
    longitudinal muscle

    teniae coli

    colon

    pouches (haustra)
  18. The large intestine does not __ or __, but it does __.

    The large intestine absorbs __ and __.
    digest or absorb nutrients; secrete mucus

    water; electrolytes
  19. The movements of the large intestine are similar to those of the small intestine.

    __ happen only __ or __ times a day.

    __ is stimulated by a __ that forces feces into the __ where they can be expelled.
    Peristaltic waves; two; three

    Defecation; defecation reflex; feces
  20. __ are composed of __, __, __, __ and __.
    • feces
    • undigested material
    • water electrolytes
    • mucus
    • bacteria
  21. The color of feces is due to __.

    The odor of feces is due to __.
    action of bacteria on bile pigments

    action of bacteria

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