chapter 20, diseases of gallbladder

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tville01
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154491
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chapter 20, diseases of gallbladder
Updated:
2012-05-17 21:01:06
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chapter 20 diseases gallbladder
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chapter 20, diseases of gallbladder
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  1. formation of stonelike masses called gallstones in gallbladder or bile duct
    cholelithiasis/gallstones/billiary calculi
  2. what are the 2 types of gallstones
    • cholesterol
    • pigmentary
  3. describe cholesterol gallstones
    • white or crystaline
    • 75% of all gallstones
  4. describe pigmentary gallstones
    • made of calcium bilirubin
    • black or brown
    • associated w/cirrhosis
  5. What are the risk factors for gallstones
    • the 4 F's
    • female
    • forty
    • fertile
    • fat
    • high calorie diet
    • drugs like birth control
    • drugs for hypercholesterolemia
  6. what are the signs of gallstones
    • asymptomatic
    • abdominal pain
    • jaundice
    • Billiary colic
    • nausea
    • vomit
  7. why does jaundice occur with gallstones
    when common bile duct is obstructed
  8. pain in URQ, intermittent or steady
    caused by gallstones in cystic or common bile duct
    nausea & vomiting
    abdominal tenderness
    fever
    leukocytosis
    billiary colic
  9. what is the treatment for gallstones
    • cholecystectomy
    • bile acids to dissolve cholesterol

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