Card Set Information

2012-08-02 15:23:18

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  1. What determines a particle's electrical force?
    Electrical force depends on the particle's charge and the strength of the electric field, not on the speed.
  2. The equivalent capacitance of two identical capacitors in series is...
    Half of one by itself.
  3. Acceleration of a particle due to electric field formula
    a = Eq/m
  4. Heat of formation conceptual meaning
    The amound of heat (energy) released while forming a compound.
  5. How to determine which compound requires the most or least amount of oxygen to undergo complete combustion.
    The compound with the highest or lowest carbon-to-oxygen ratio.
  6. What is the only thing conserved in sloshing oscillations?
    Conservation of energy.

    Momentum is not.
  7. How to approach electron configuration of species in a compound (i.e. NaCl)
    Treat them as their ions. Na+ and Cl, meaning that Cl actually has 18 electrons.
  8. Rapid processes are adiabatic which means...
    That there is little time for heat to be lost from the system.
  9. An ion consisting of a central metal ion and six ligands will have what geometry?
  10. Why does light slow down through a given medium?
    It is absorbed and re-emitted by the atomic structure of the optically dense medium.
  11. Light spectrum
  12. Vertebrate definition
    An animal of a large group distinguished by the possession of a backbone or spinal column, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibian...
  13. Only organelle found in both bacterial and eukaryotic cells
    Plasma membrane
  14. What does "n" mean in n-Hexanoic acid?
    Normal or unbranched
  15. Bicarbonate ions in the blood maintain levels of...
    Hydrogen ions
  16. What converts alcohols to alkyl halides?
    HBr, HCl, etc.
  17. How do you know if a compound is optically inactive?
    If it has no chiral carbons.

    Chiral means mirror image. All stereocenters are chiral.
  18. What is the precursor for oxygen atoms in the glycolysis intermediates?
  19. Carbohydrate
    Any of a large group of compounds (including sugars, starch, and cellulose) which contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and can be broken down to release energy in the animal body.
  20. Enol form
    When one of the methyl hydrogen atoms is transferred to the ketone oxygen atom, resulting in a double bond between the two carbons.
  21. Grignard synthesis
    Produces an alcohol by adding RMgBr to a carbonyl.

    Results in an increase in the number of carbons.
  22. One characteristic common to arteries, veins, and capillaries
    The presence of a layer of endothelial cells.

    • Only veins have valves.
    • Only certain types of arteries dilate or constrict to regulate flow.
    • Only capillaries exchange nutrients with surrounding tissues.
  23. Relationship between molar solubility and Ksp
    MS is the square root of Ksp

    • The square root of 10x = 10x/2
    • The square of 10x = 102x
  24. Determine lower or higher charge density
    Which ever ion has a larger charge X2+, has a larger charge density.
  25. Saponification definition
    Hydrolysis of an ester using aqueous hydroxide.
  26. Three organs that are important in menstrual cycle
    • Hypothalamus
    • Pituitary
    • Ovary