chapter 11 Section 3
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Why did the United States need to expand?
-b/c they were running out of land for farms, families, businesses, etc.
What was Manifest Destiny? (2)
- -obvious fate for U.S.
- -wish of Providence (God)
What was the goal of Manifest Destiny?
-to spread liberty and self government
Who was the Whigs pres. candidate in the election of 1844?
Who was the Democrats pres. candidate in the election of 1844?
James K. Polk
What was the meaning of "Fifty-Four Forty or Fight"?
-a promise to all Americans to gain all of Oregon Territory for U.S.
What did the Buchanon-Packemham Treaty do?
- -between U.S. and GB
- -extended 49th parallel as U.S./Canada border to pacific ocean giving the U.S. the southern part of the OR Territory
What were the causes of problems with Mexico that led to war?
- -southern border of Texas dispute
- -annexation of Texas
-offered Mexico $30 million for NM, CA, and TX
Why did the American people overall support the war?
-b/c they favored expansion
-lead U.S. troops west from KS through Mex. Territory
-captured Santa Fe
-continued West and captued CA with help from:
-Bear Flag Revolt
-led the Bear Flag Revolt
John C. Fremont
What was the importance of the Bear Flag Revolt?
-ended Mexican control of CA and put U.S. in control of northern parts of Mexican Territory
-crossed Rio Grande and led U.S. troops south into Mexican Territory in the Battle of Buena Vista
-Feb. 1847 where U.S. troops defeated Mexican Army led by Santa Anna
Battle of Buena Vista
What was the outcome of the Battle of Buena Vista?
-put U.S. in control of central Mexico
-led U.S. troops across Gulf of Mexico and landed at Vera Cruz
-marched inland and captured Mexico City in Sept. 1847
-spanish colonists and their descendants living in CA
What did the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo state? (4)
- -Texas was recognized as part of U.S. with Rio Grande as southern border
- -Mexican Cession
- -U.S. paid $18 million ($15 mil. to Mex. for land and $3 mil. to Amer. citizens for reparations)
- -U.S. promised to protect rights of former Mexican citizens now living in U.S.
-purchase from Mexico of the southern parts of present-day New Mexico and Arizona in 1853
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