BIO 252 Ch 1

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  1. Which of the following would be the most likely cause of an iatrogenic disease?
    A. a combination of specific etiologic factors
    B. an unwanted effect of a prescribed drug
    C. an inherited disorder
    D. prolonged exposure to toxic chemicals in the environment
    B. an unwanted effect of a prescribed drug
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The manifestations of a disease are best defined as the:
    A. factors that precipitate an acute episode of a chronic illness
    B. early prodromal indicators that infection is present in the body
    C. signs and symptoms of a disease
    D. subjective feelings of discomfort during an illness
    C. signs and symptoms of a disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The best definition of the term prognosis is:
    A. the number of remissions to be expected during the course of a chronic illness
    B. the precipitating factors causing an acute episode
    C. the exacerbations occurring during chronic illness
    D. the predicted outcome or likelihood of recovery from a specific disease
    D. the predicted outcome or likelihood of recovery from a specific disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following is considered a systemic sign of disease?
    A. swelling of the knee
    B. red area on the face
    C. fever
    D. pain in the neck
    C. fever
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Etiology is defined as the study of the:
    A. expected complications of a disease
    B. course of a disease
    C. manifestations of a disease
    D. causes of a disease
    D. causes of a disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Hypertrophy of the heart would be related to:
    A. a decrease in the size of the individual cells
    B. an increase in the number of cells in an area
    C. replacement of normal cells by a different type of cell
    D. an increase in the size of the individual cells
    D. an increase in the size of the individual cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. A tissue in which the cells vary in size and shape and show increased mitotic figures would be called:
    A. hypertrophy
    B. dysplasia
    C. metaplasia
    D. atrophy
    B. dysplasia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. When a group of cells in the body dies, the change is called:
    A. ischemia
    B. hypoxia
    C. gangrene
    D. necrosis
    D. necrosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Lack of exercise during an illness may cause skeletal muscle to undergo:
    A. regeneration
    B. atrophy
    C. dysplasia
    D. hypertrophy
    B. atrophy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The term cancer refers to:
    A. dysplasia
    B. malignant neoplasm
    C. hyperplasia
    D. metaplasia
    B. malignant neoplasm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Apoptosis refers to:
    A. increased rate of mitosis by certain cells
    B. pre-programmed cell self-destruction
    C. liquefaction of necrotic tissue
    D. ischemic damage to cells
    B. pre-programmed cell self-destruction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following statements is true?
    A. Mild ischemia causes immediate cell death
    B. Alteration of DNA causes immediate cell death
    C. All cells die at the same rate
    D. Damaged cells may be able to repair themselves
    D. Damaged cells may be able to repair themselves
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Caseation refers to an area of necrosis where:
    A. cell proteins have been denatured
    B. cell are liquefied by enzymes
    C. dead cells form a thick cheesy substance
    D. bacterial invasion has occurred
    C. dead cells form a thick cheesy substance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Routine application of sun block to skin would be an example of:
    A. a preventative measure
    B. a precipitating factor
    C. an iatrogenic cause of cancer
    D. an idiopathic form of cancer
    A. a preventative measure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. A circumstance that causes a sudden acute episode of a chronic disease to occur is termed:
    A. latent stage
    B. predisposing factor
    C. precipitating factor
    D. incidence
    C. precipitating factor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. An acute episode of a chronic disease is called:
    A. a complication
    B. an exacerbation
    C. a prodromal period
    D. a sequela
    B. an exacerbation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Potential unwanted outcomes of a primary condition:
    A. a complication
    B. an exacerbation
    C. a prodromal period
    D. a sequela
    D. a sequela
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. etiology
    concerns the causative factors in a particular disease
  19. incidence
    the number of new cases of a disease in a given population noted within a stated time period
  20. precipitating factor
    a condition that triggers onset or exacerbation of disease
  21. iatrogenic
    a disease caused by the actions of a health care worker including treatment, diagnosis or failure to recognize complications
  22. Metaplasia
    occurs when one mature cell type is replaced by a different mature cell type that is functional. Malignant neoplasms are referred to as cancer and involve dysplastic tissues.
  23. Gangrene
    an area of ischemic and necrotic tissue that has been invaded by bacteria
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154606
Card Set
BIO 252 Ch 1
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Chapter 1
Updated
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