BIO 252 Ch 1

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TomWruble
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154606
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BIO 252 Ch 1
Updated:
2012-05-18 12:48:16
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bio252
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Chapter 1
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  1. Which of the following would be the most likely cause of an iatrogenic disease?
    A. an inherited disorder
    B. an unwanted effect of a prescribed drug
    C. prolonged exposure to toxic chemicals in the environment
    D. a combination of specific etiologic factors
    B. an unwanted effect of a prescribed drug
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The manifestations of a disease are best defined as the:
    A. subjective feelings of discomfort during an illness
    B. signs and symptoms of a disease
    C. factors that precipitate an acute episode of a chronic illness
    D. early prodromal indicators that infection is present in the body
    B. signs and symptoms of a disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The best definition of the term prognosis is:
    A. the exacerbations occurring during chronic illness
    B. the predicted outcome or likelihood of recovery from a specific disease
    C. the precipitating factors causing an acute episode
    D. the number of remissions to be expected during the course of a chronic illness
    B. the predicted outcome or likelihood of recovery from a specific disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following is considered a systemic sign of disease?
    A. swelling of the knee
    B. fever
    C. pain in the neck
    D. red area on the face
    B. fever
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Etiology is defined as the study of the:
    A. expected complications of a disease
    B. causes of a disease
    C. course of a disease
    D. manifestations of a disease
    B. causes of a disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Hypertrophy of the heart would be related to:
    A. an increase in the number of cells in an area
    B. a decrease in the size of the individual cells
    C. an increase in the size of the individual cells
    D. replacement of normal cells by a different type of cell
    C. an increase in the size of the individual cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. A tissue in which the cells vary in size and shape and show increased mitotic figures would be called:
    A. dysplasia
    B. metaplasia
    C. atrophy
    D. hypertrophy
    A. dysplasia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. When a group of cells in the body dies, the change is called:
    A. necrosis
    B. hypoxia
    C. ischemia
    D. gangrene
    A. necrosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Lack of exercise during an illness may cause skeletal muscle to undergo:
    A. dysplasia
    B. hypertrophy
    C. regeneration
    D. atrophy
    D. atrophy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The term cancer refers to:
    A. dysplasia
    B. metaplasia
    C. hyperplasia
    D. malignant neoplasm
    D. malignant neoplasm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Apoptosis refers to:
    A. pre-programmed cell self-destruction
    B. ischemic damage to cells
    C. increased rate of mitosis by certain cells
    D. liquefaction of necrotic tissue
    A. pre-programmed cell self-destruction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following statements is true?
    A. Damaged cells may be able to repair themselves
    B. Alteration of DNA causes immediate cell death
    C. All cells die at the same rate
    D. Mild ischemia causes immediate cell death
    A. Damaged cells may be able to repair themselves
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Caseation refers to an area of necrosis where:
    A. cell proteins have been denatured
    B. dead cells form a thick cheesy substance
    C. cell are liquefied by enzymes
    D. bacterial invasion has occurred
    B. dead cells form a thick cheesy substance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Routine application of sun block to skin would be an example of:
    A. an idiopathic form of cancer
    B. a precipitating factor
    C. an iatrogenic cause of cancer
    D. a preventative measure
    D. a preventative measure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. A circumstance that causes a sudden acute episode of a chronic disease to occur is termed:
    A. precipitating factor
    B. predisposing factor
    C. incidence
    D. latent stage
    A. precipitating factor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. An acute episode of a chronic disease is called:
    A. a sequela
    B. a prodromal period
    C. a complication
    D. an exacerbation
    D. an exacerbation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Potential unwanted outcomes of a primary condition:
    A. a complication
    B. a sequela
    C. an exacerbation
    D. a prodromal period
    B. a sequela
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. etiology
    concerns the causative factors in a particular disease
  19. incidence
    the number of new cases of a disease in a given population noted within a stated time period
  20. precipitating factor
    a condition that triggers onset or exacerbation of disease
  21. iatrogenic
    a disease caused by the actions of a health care worker including treatment, diagnosis or failure to recognize complications
  22. Metaplasia
    occurs when one mature cell type is replaced by a different mature cell type that is functional. Malignant neoplasms are referred to as cancer and involve dysplastic tissues.
  23. Gangrene
    an area of ischemic and necrotic tissue that has been invaded by bacteria

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