NUR 3119

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  1. Florence Nightingale
    This theorist focused on the environment; specifically pure or fresh air, pure water, efficient drainage, cleanliness, and light.
  2. Dorothea Orem
    This theorist's view is called the self-care deficit theory of nursing, and consists of the articulation of the theories of self-care, self-care deficit, and nursing systems of wholly compensatory, partly compensatory, and supportive-educative.
  3. Martha Rogers
    This theorist views the person as an irreducible whole, the whole being greater than the sum of its parts. Humans are dynamic energy fields in continuous exchange with environmental fields, both of which are infinite.
  4. Callista Roy
    The theorist's view focuses on the individual as a biopsychosocial adaptive system that employs a feedback cycle of input, throughput, and output. The individual and the environment are the sources of stimuli that require modification to promote adaptation. This theory is commonly referred to as the adaptation theory.
  5. Virginia Hederson
    This theorist provided a classic definition of nursing, "the unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will, or knowledge, and to do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible." She identified 14 fundamental needs of individuals to gain independence.
  6. Madeline Leininger
    This theorist was a nurse anthropologist who examined trascultural ways of human caring. She postulated that caring and culture are inextricably linked. Her theory is known as the theory of culture care diversity and universality.
  7. Hildegard Peplau
    This theorist focused on the interpersonal concepts and viewed nursing as a "maturing force that is realized as the personality develops through educational, therapeutic, and interpersonal processes". This theory is used primarily in psychiatric/mental health settings.
  8. Patricia Benner
    This theorist examined the career development of the nurse and identified five levels of professional development: novice, advance beginner, competent, proficient, and expert.
  9. Imogene King
    This theorist's view is referred to as the goal attainment theory and consists of three dynamic interacting systems: personal systems, interpersonal systems, and social systems.
  10. Betty Neuman
    This theory focuses on the wellness of the client system in relation to environmental stressors and reactions to stressors. It views the client as an open system consisting of a basic structure or central core of energy resources surrounded by two lines of resistance and two lines of defense.
  11. Jean Watson
    This theorist's view is called the Human Caring Theory. The major conceptual elements of the theory are carative factors, transpersonal caring relationship, and caring moment/caring occasion.
  12. Katherine Kolcaba
    • Theory of Comfort –
    • “The immediate and holistic experience of being strengthened through having the needs met for the three types of comfort."
  13. Merle Mishel
    Uncertainty in Illness Theory – the inability to determine the meaning of illness-related events.
  14. Theory
    A system of ideas proposed to explain something.
  15. Concepts
    The building blocks of theory.
  16. Carper
    Empirical knowing
    The science of nursing, rationale, objective.
  17. Carper
    Esthetic knowing
    The art of nursing, creativity, subjectivity.
  18. Carper
    Personal knowing
    Interpersonal processes and therapeutic use of self.
  19. Carper
    Ethical knowing
    Relates to what ought to be done and focuses on matter of obligation.
  20. Metaparadigm
    The most global philosophical or conceptual framework.
  21. Kneller
    Revealed knowledge
    That disclosed by God.
  22. Kneller
    Intuitive Knowledge
    That coming from a process of discovery nurtured by experiences with the world.
  23. Kneller
    Rational knowledge
    That using principles of formal logic.
  24. Kneller
    Empirical knowledge
    Information tested by observation or experiment.
  25. Kneller
    Authoratative knowledge
    That vouched for by authorities in the field.
  26. Conceptual Model
    A graphic illustration or diagram of a conceptual framework.
  27. Conceptual Framework
    A group of related concepts.
Card Set:
NUR 3119
2012-05-19 00:39:05

CH 6
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