Chapter 9 Cards

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Author:
dbrown15
ID:
1547
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Chapter 9 Cards
Updated:
2009-11-24 01:56:32
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The Urinary System
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Medical Terminology
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  1. home/o
    constant
  2. -stasis
    control
  3. urea
    major waste product of protein synthesis
  4. ren/o
    kidneys
  5. nephr/o
    kidneys
  6. renal cortex
    outer region of kidney
  7. medulla
    inner region of the kidney
  8. tubule
    small tube
  9. nephron
    functional unit of the kidney
  10. glomerulus
    cluster of capillaries surrounded by a cup-shaped membrane called the Bowman's capsule
  11. urochrome
    pigment that gives urine its color
  12. ur/o
    urine
  13. -chrome
    color
  14. renal pelvis
    funnel-shaped area within each kidney
  15. ureters
    transports urine from the kidney to the bladder
  16. trigone
    triangular area on the inner surface of the bladder
  17. urethra
    tube extending from the bladder to outside the body
  18. urethral meatus
    external opening of the urethra
  19. micturition
    normal process of excreting urine
  20. genitourinary
    refers to both the urinary and genital organs
  21. uremia
    (uremic poisoning) toxic condition resulting from renal failure
  22. chronic renal failure
    progressive loss of renal failure
  23. end-stage renal disease (ESRD)
    late stages of chronic renal failure
  24. hemolytic uremic syndrome
    condition in which hemolytic anemia and thrombocytosis cause acute renal failure
  25. nephrotic syndrome
    condition of high levels of protein in the urine and low levels of protein in the blood
  26. nephrosis
    degenerative kidney disease causing nephrotic syndrome without inflammation
  27. an-
    without
  28. -uria
    urine
  29. anuria
    absence of urine production
  30. protein
    protein
  31. -pathy
    disease
  32. diabetic nephropathy
    kidney disease characterized by hyperproteinuria caused by long-term diabetes mellitus
  33. stricture
    abnormal band of tissue that narrows or completely blocks a body passage
  34. distention
    enlargement or stretched
  35. -ectasis
    enlargement or stretching
  36. glomerul/o
    glomeruli
  37. -ptosis
    droop or prolapse
  38. py
    pus
  39. suppuration
    formation or discharge of pus
  40. cyst
    cyst
  41. -ic
    pertaining to
  42. colic
    spasmodic pains in the abdomen
  43. Wilms tumor
    malignant tumor of the kidney that occurs in young children
  44. calculus
    abnormal mineral deposit that has formed in the body (stone)
  45. -lithiasis
    presence of stones
  46. -lith
    stone
  47. cyst/o
    bladder
  48. -rrhagia
    bleeding
  49. urethr/o
    urethra
  50. pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  51. -algia
    pain
  52. -cele
    hernia
  53. trigon/o
    trigone
  54. vesic/o
    bladder
  55. vagin/o
    vagina
  56. -al
    pertaining to
  57. neur/o
    nervous system
  58. -genic
    created by
  59. -rrhea
    flow or discharge
  60. -stenosis
    tightening or narrowing
  61. epispadias
    congenital abnormality of the urethral opening - male-upper surface of penis - female-region of the clitoris
  62. hypospadias
    urethral opening is on the underside of the penis, and in the vagina
  63. paraspadias
    urethral opening is on the side of the penis
  64. prostat
    prostate gland
  65. -ism
    condition of
  66. diur/o
    increasing the output of urine
  67. -esis
    abnormal condition
  68. dys-
    painful
  69. -uresis
    urination
  70. enuresis
    involutary urination
  71. olig-
    scanty
  72. -uria
    urination
  73. over active bladder (OAB)
    occurs when the detrusor muscle in the wall of the baldder is too active
  74. -analysis
    study of parts
  75. retrograde urography
    radiograph of the urinary system taken after dye is flowed upward through the urinary tract
  76. voiding cystourethrography
    diagnostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is used to examine the flow of urine from the bladder and through the urethra
  77. PSA test
    prostate-specific antigen blood test is used to screen for prostate cancer
  78. prostate-specific antigen
    protein produced by the cells of the prostate gland
  79. dia-
    complete or through
  80. -lysis
    separation
  81. dialysate
    solution made of water and electrolytes
  82. -tripsy
    to crush
  83. lith/o
    stone
  84. ureter/o
    ureter
  85. meat/o
    meatus

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