Medical Terminology

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Medical Terminology
2012-05-20 13:44:28
Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology
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  1. What is LLQ and what body parts are found in this area?
    Left Lower Quadrant...Small intestine
  2. What is RLQ and what body parts are found in this area?
    Right Lower Quadrant...Appendix
  3. What is LUQ and what body parts are found in this area?
    Left Upper Quadrant...Stomoach
  4. What is RUQ and what body parts are found in this area?
    Right Upper Quadrant...Liver and Large Intestine
  5. Where is the umbilical region
    around the navel
  6. Where is the epigastric region
    directly above the umbilical region
  7. where is the hypogastric region
    directly below the umbilical region
  8. where is the right and left hypochondriac region
    to the right and left of the epigastric
  9. where is the right and left lumbar region
    to the right and left of the umbilical
  10. where is the right and left iliac
    to the right and left of the hypogastric region
  11. describe the transverse plane
    horizonal field dividing the body into upper and lower portions.
  12. describe the sagittal plane
    vertical field running through the body form front to back, dividing the body into right and left side.
  13. describe the coronal aka frontal planes
    vertical field running through the body from side to side, dividing the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back)
  14. what is posterior
    pertaining to the back
  15. what is superior
    pertaining to above
  16. what is anterior
    pertaining to the front
  17. what is bilateral
    pertaining to two sides
  18. what is medial
    pertaining to the middle
  19. what is vental
    pertaining to the belly (front)
  20. what is distal
    pertaining to away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
  21. what is proximal
    pertaining to near (to the point of attachment of a body part)
  22. what is lateral
    pertaining to a side
  23. what is cephalad
    toward the head (upward)
  24. what is mediolateral
    pertaining to the middle and to the side
  25. what s inferior
    pertaining to below
  26. what is dorsal
    pertaining to the back
  27. what is unilateral
    pertaining to one side (only)
  28. what is supine
    laying on the back, face or front upward
  29. what is prone
    laying face down
  30. what are erythrocytes
    red blood cells
  31. what is remission
    improvement or absence of signs of disease
  32. what is benign
    not malignant, nonrecurrent, favorable for recovery
  33. what is systemic
    pertaining to a body part or the body as a whole
  34. what is a leukocyte
    white blood cell
  35. what is histology
    study of tissue
  36. what is pathologist
    a physician who studies diseases (examines biopsies and performs autopsies to determine the cause of disease or death)
  37. what is somatogenic
    originating in the body (organic as opposed to psychologic)
  38. what is hyperplasia
    excessive development (number of cells)
  39. suffix stasis means what
    control, stop, standing
  40. what is oncology
    study of tumors (a branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)
  41. what is oncogenic
    causing tumors
  42. prefix hypo means what
    below, incomplete, deficient
  43. prefix hyper means what
    above, excessive
  44. what is dysuria
    difficult or painful urination
  45. what is pathology
    the study of disease (a branch of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease and death)
  46. what is myopathy
    disease of the muscle
  47. what is lipoma
    a benign tumor consisting of fat tissue
  48. what does cyto mean
  49. what does cyano mean
  50. what is a cell
    basic unit of all living things. the human bocy is composed of trillions of cells, which vary in size and shape according to function.
  51. what is a tissue
    group of similar cells that performs a specific task
  52. what is an organ
    two or more kinds of tissues that together perform special body functions. Examples, the skin is an organ composed of epithelial, connective, muscle and nerve tissue.
  53. what is a system
    a group of organs that work together to perform complex body functions. Example, the cardiovascular system consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood. If function is to transport nutrients and oxygen to the cells and remove carbon dioxide and other waste products.
  54. what organ is found in the cranium
    the brain
  55. what organs/body structures are found in the abdomen
    liver, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (digestive organs)
  56. what organs/body structures are found in the thorax
    heart and lungs.
  57. word roots: arthr, hepat, ven and oste
    joint, liver, vein and bone
  58. prefixes: intra and sub
    within and under
  59. suffixes: it /is, al / ic / ous, pathy and megaly
    inflammation, pertaining to, pertaining to, disease and enlargement.
  60. this forms around the boundary of the cell
    cell membrane
  61. what is cytoplasm
    gel like fluide inside the cell
  62. this is the largest structure within the cell, usually spherical and centrally located. It contains chromosomes for cellular reproduction and is the control center of the cell.
  63. how many chromosomes are in a cell and where in the cell are they located
    46 chromosomes in all normal human cells, with the exception of mature sex cells which have 23 and they are located in the nucleus of the cell.
  64. several thousand of these are located in a chromosome and determine hereditary characteristics
  65. deoxyribonucleic acid is a chemical that regulates the activity of the cell. what part of the cell does it comprise and what's it's well known abbreviation
    DNA comprises the gene
  66. this tissue is composed of cells that have a special ability to contract, usually producing movement
    muscle tissue
  67. this tissue is found in the nerves, spinal cord, and brain. it is responsible for coordinating and controlling body activities.
    nervous tissue
  68. prefix: adeno and fibro
    gland and fiber
  69. prefix: histo and lipo
    tissue and fat
  70. prefix: myo and neuro
    muscle and nerve
  71. prefix: sarco and viscero
    flesh (connective tissue) and internal organs
  72. prefix: chloro and chromo
    green and color
  73. prefix: erythro and leuko
    red and white
  74. prefix: melano and xantho
    black and yellow
  75. prefix: dia and dys
    through, complete and painful, abnormal, difficult, labored
  76. suffix: cyte and logist
    cell and one who studies and treats
  77. suffix: logy and oma
    study of and tumor, swelling
  78. suffix: osis and pathy
    abnormal condition and disease
  79. suffix: plasia and plasm
    condition of formation, growth and same