Card Set Information
What does the analysis of standing posture help determine?
guide for developing therapeutic exers that will correct any deviations from the norm
provide record to which to evaluate
make person aware of alignment
What are the 3 major factors that influence adult posture?
disease or trauma
habit or occupational requirements
What is a large-boned, stout body type?
What is a medium body build, muscular or athletic body type?
What is a small-boned, thin fragile body type?
What can poor/faulty posture cause?
compromised joint integrity
increased energy costs
decreased internal organ function/respiratory capacity
What are some benefits to good posture?
promote efficient mvmts with min. energy
make vital functions more efficient
prevent fatigure in weight bearing
create better balance by taking stress off mm. and ligs. and placing on bones and jts
establish foundation in which complex skills and mvmts are performed
When the anteroposterior gravity line is viewed laterally, how should it look?
middle of earlobe
front of alanto-occipital jt
bisecting the acromion process
bisecting the greater trochanter
post. to patella, ant. to jt
slightly ant. to lateral malleolus
What are the head/neck deviations seen in the anteroposterior gravity line viewed laterally?
flattened lordotic curve
What are the shoulder region deviations seen in the anteroposterior gravity line viewed laterally?
What are the thoracic region deviations seen in the anteroposterior gravity line viewed laterally?
pectus excavatum or funnel chest(sternum in)
barrel chest (sternum rounded)
petcus cavinatum or pigeon chest (sternum ant.)
What are the lumbar region deviations seen in the anteroposterior gravity line viewed laterally?
ptosis of abdomen (saggy belly)
What are the lower extremity deviations seen in the anteroposterior gravity line viewed laterally?
flattening of longitudinal arch (flat feet)
When viewing the lateral gravity line posteriorly, what should it look like?
bisects occipital protuberances
bisects spinous process of C7
bisects gluteal cleft (butt crack)
lies equidistant between the knees
midway between the medial malleoli
What are the head/neck deviations seen in the lateral gravity line viewed posterior?
head rotated from midline
What are the shoulder region deviations seen in the lateral gravity line viewed posterior?
unequal height of shoulders
winging of scapulae
What are the trunk region deviations seen in the lateral gravity line viewed posterior?
lateral pelvic tilt
What are the lower extremity deviations seen in the lateral gravity line viewed posterior?
genu varum - bow legged
genu valgum - knock kneed
ext/int tibial torsion
hallux valgus (bunion)
claw toes (all phalanx flexed)
hammer toes (dital phalanx flexed)
pes cavus (high arch)
pes planus (flat feet)
Who is known for extension exers to increase lordosis?
does flex and ext now
Who is known for flexion exers to decrease lordosis?
What are some dx you would use extension therapy for?
HNP (herniated nucleous pulposis)-bulgin disc
What are some dx you would use flexion exers for?
facet jt impingment
subacute mm. strain
If a pt has more pain with increased trunk flexion, what position do you use to treat them?
If a pt has a laterally bulging disc, what way should you treat them?
laterally SB into a wall
What are the most common causes of LBP?
asymmetry -pelvic/lumbar (MET)
What is centralizing?
bring pt pain to one central area, such as the low back
What is another name for chin tucking?
Mid-range position of the spine can also be called what?
What are Houghston's exers?
pt lays prone and uses a weight to work different angles
good for posture