Functional Myo - Term 2

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  1. The cartilage of the acetabulum is 'C' shaped with the opening facing downwards (omega shaped). What is the name given to the inferior facing opening?
    A) Acetabular notch
    B) Fovea fossa
    C) Acetabular fossa
    D) Fovea Capitus
    A) Acetabular Notch

    Acetabular Fossa = A depressed area in the floor of the acetabulum above the acetabular notch
    Acetabular Notch = in the medial part of the rim of the acetabulum
    c =
    Fovea Capitus = a fovea on the head of the femur, where the round ligament is attached.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The acetabular labrum is a fibrocartilagenous structure attached to the periphery of the acetabulum that helps to deepen it and to hold the femoral head in position. It bridges the opening referred to in question one. Here it is called...
    A) Transverse Acetabular Ligement
    B) Ligament of Bigelow
    C) Median arcruate ligament
    D) Ligament of the head of the femur
    A) Transverse acetabular ligament

    Median Arcruate Ligament = connects crura of the diaphragm
    Ligament of Bigalow = a band of fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages, serving to support and strengthen joints.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The ischiofemoral ligament reinforces the hip joint capsule posteriorly and primarily limits which movement...
    A) Extension
    B) Abduction
    C) Flexion
    D) External rotation
    A) extension

    iliofemoral - Prevents hyperextension of hip; screws the head of the femur into the acetabulum to help strengthen and stabilize the joint; is a Y-shaped ligament that covers most of hte anterior aspect of the coxofemoral joint

    Pubofemoral - checks hyperabduction; aids in preventing hyperextension of hip; strengthens the anterior and inferior parts of the capsule
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the two following motions of the hip is considered to have a range of motion of about 30 degrees?
    a) Adduction
    b) Extension
    c) External rotation
    d) Flexion
    Adduction & External Rotation
  5. Which range of motion of the hip is considered to be the least?
    A) External Rotation
    B) Extension
    C) Flexion
    D) Abduction
    B) Extension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following muscles is not considered to contribute to medial hip rotation?
    A) TFL
    B) GMed
    C) GMin
    D) GMax
    D) Gmax
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which two of the following are attachment points for the lateral collateral ligament of the knee?
    a) Head of fibula
    b) Lateral femoral epicondyle
    c) Lateral tibial plateau
    d) Lateral lip of the linea aspera
    • a) head of fib
    • b) Lateral femoral epicondyle
  8. Which of the following is false with regard to the medial collateral ligament of the knee?
    A) attaches to the medial tibial condyle
    B) Deep fibres are firmly attached to the medial meniscous
    C) Longer than the lateral collateral ligament
    D) It is a cord like structure
    D) It is a cord like structure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following is false with regard to the lateral meniscus of the knee?
    A) Helps resist adduction at the knee
    B) The popliteus has an attachment to it
    C) It is attached via the joint capsule to the lateral collateral ligament
    D) Is more circular than the medial meniscus
    C) It is attached via the joint capsule to the lateral collateral ligament
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following is true with regard to the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee?
    A) Helps prevent anterior translation of the tibia relative to the femur
    B) Attaches to the inner surface of the medial femoral condyle
    C) Arises from the posterior aspect of the intercondylar region of the tibia
    D) It is stronger than the PCL
    A) Helps prevent anterior translation of the tibia relative to the femur
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. What is the name given to the aponeurosis on the top of the head?
    A) Alba aponeuortica
    B) Parietal Aponeurotica
    C) Galea Aponeurotica
    D) Aponeurotica Capitus
    C) Galea aponeurotica - the aponeurosis connecting the two bellies of the occipitofrontalis muscle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following muscles is not part of the 'epicranius'?
    A) Temporalis
    B) Frontalis
    C) Temporoparietalis
    D) Occipitalis
    A) Temporalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. What is the action of the Levator Palpabrae Superioris?
    A) Helps the close the eye
    B) Raises the eyebrow
    C) Raises the eye lid
    D) Raises the upper lip
    C) Raises the eye lid

    Closes eye - obiccularis occuli
    Raises eye brows - Frontalis
    Raises upper lip - Levator labii superioris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following muscles causes the nostrils to flare and constrict?
    A) Nasalis
    B) Procerus
    C) Depressor Septi
    D) Supercilious
    A) Nasalis

    Procerus - functions to draw down the eyebrows and wrinkle the nose.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following muscles does not cause movement of the eyebrows?
    A) Corrugator Supercilli
    B) Frontalis
    C) Procerus
    D) Levator Palpebrae Superioris
    D) Levator Palpebrae Superioris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which of the following muscles does not elevate the upper lip?
    A) Mentalis
    B) Levator Labii Superioris Alaque Nasi
    C) Levator Labii Superioris
    D) Zygomatic Minor
    A) Mentalis - rasises and protrudes the lower lip to express doubt
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following muscles derives its name from the Latin word for Trumpet?
    A) Mentalis
    B) Buccinator
    C) Masseter
    D) Temporalis
    B) Buccinator
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following means pertaining to the lip?
    A) Supercilial
    B) Palpebral
    C) Labial
    D) Mental
    C) Labial

    Mental - Of or relating to the mind
    Palpebral - An eyelid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following cranial nerves supplies all the muscles of facial expression?
    A) XII
    B) VII
    C) III
    D) V
    B) VII

    III - Oculomotor - Innervates the levator palpebrae superioris, superior rectus, medial rectus, inferior rectus, and inferior oblique.
    V - Trigeminal - innervates the muscles of mastication
    XII - Hypoglossal - Provides motor innervation to the muscles of the tongue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which emotion does the depressor anguli oris help to express?
    Sadness
  21. Which of the following is not part of the erector spinae?
    a) Iliocostalis
    b) Longissimus
    c) Semispinalis
    d) Splenius
    • d) Splenis
    • I LOVE SEX
    • I-L-S
  22. Which of the following is positioned most laterally on the back?
    A) Iliocostalis
    B) Splenius
    C) Longissimus
    D) Semispinalis
    A) Iliocostalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which of the following does not arise from the common origin of the erector spinae group?
    A) Spinalis Thoracis
    B) Iliocostalis Lumborum
    C) Longissimus Thoracis
    D) Iliocostalis Thoracis
    D) Iliocostalis Thoracis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of the following is not part of the transversospinalis group?
    A) Rotatores
    B) Spinalis
    C) Multifidus
    D) Semispinalis
    B) Spinalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Of the transversospinalis group, which are the longest?
    A) Spinalis
    B) Multifidus
    C) Semispinalis
    D) Rotatores
    D) Rotatores
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Of the transversospinalis group, which are divided into subgroups by length/depth?
    a) Multifidus
    b) Rotatores
    c) Spinalis
    d) Semispinalis
    a & b
  27. Generally speaking, what osseous structures are the points of attachment for the longissimus group?
    A) Transverse processes and ribs
    B) Vertebral bodies
    C) Spinous processes
    D) Ribs
    A) Transverse processes and ribs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which two of the following do not have a 'capitus' sub grouping?
    a) Iliocostalis
    b) Longissimus
    c) Rotatores
    d) Spinalis
    • a) Iliocostalis
    • c) Rotatores
  29. Which of the following does not help form the suboccipital triangle?
    A) Obliquus capitus superior
    B) Rectus capitus posterior minor
    C) Obliquus capitus inferior
    D) Rectus capitus posterior major
    B) Rectus capitus posterior minor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the following primarily causes rotation of the upper cervical complex?
    A) Obliquus capitus inferior
    B) Rectus capitus posterior minor
    C) Obliquus capitus superior
    D) Rectus capitus posterior major
    A) Obliquus capitus inferior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. The diaphragm is the primary muscle of inspiration. It is dome shaped at rest. What is the name given to its aponeurotic apex?
    A) Central Tendon
    B) Costal Part
    C) Lumbar Part
    D) Sternal/Xiphoid part
    A) Central tendon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The diaphragm descendes during the initial stage of inspiration. What structures limit it's downward movement?
    A) Pericardium
    B) Oesophegeal hiatus
    C) Medial crus
    D) Medial arcruate ligament
    B) Oesophegeal hiatus

    Crus - two fibromuscular bands that arise from the lumbar vertebrae and insert into the central tendon of the diaphragm.
    Medial arcruate ligament -  connects the right and left crura of diaphragm
    Pericardium -  the thin, sac-like membrane that surrounds the heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which of the following apertures is most posteriorly placed in the diaphragm?
    A) Aortic Aperture
    B) Oesophageal Aperture
    C) Inferior Vena Caval Aperture
    D) Superior Vena Caval Aperture
    A) Aortic Aperture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which two of the following structures give rise to the median arcruate ligament which, in turn, forms the aortic aperture?
    a) Lateral lumocostal arch
    b) Left crus
    c) Medial lumocostal arch 
    d) Right crus
    • b) Left crus
    •  d) Right crus
  35. Concentric contraction of the diaphragm increases the internal dimensions of the thorax in which direction?
    A) Vertically
    B) Anteroposteriorly  
    C) Laterally
    d) All of the above
    A) Vertically
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The serratus posterior superior lays deep to which of the following muscles?
    A) Latissimus dorsi
    B) Rhomboids Minor/Major
    C) Subscap
    D) Infraspinatus
    B) Rhomboids Minor/Major
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the following is not considered to be a muscle of inspiration?
    A) Serratus Posterior Superior
    B) Pec Minor
    C) Scalenes anterior
    D) Transversus Thoracis
    D) Transversus thoracis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which of the following muscles arises from the TP's of C7-T11 and inserts into the rib below?
    A) Levator costales
    B) Innermost costals
    C) Transversus Thoracis
    D) Internal intercostals
    A) Levator Costales
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which of the following is not a muscle of inspiration?
    A) External intercostals
    B) Levator costales
    C) Serratus Posterior Inferior
    D) Levator Scap 
    D) Levator Scap
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Which of the following muscles, involved in respiration, is located inside the thoracic cavity?
    A) Diaphragm
    B) Serratus Posterior Superior
    C) Levator Costales
    D) Transversus Thoracis
    A) Diaphragm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
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Functional Myo - Term 2
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Functional Myo - Term 2
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