Bio Ch 17

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Author:
trambam
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154967
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Bio Ch 17
Updated:
2012-05-20 22:28:33
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Classification
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Classification
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  1. taxonomy
    science of describing, naming, & classifying o/g
  2. Who is credited w/creating our current classification system?
    Carlous Linnaeus
  3. binomial nomenclature
    • system of naming o/g by giving them 2 scientific names
    • Genus & species
  4. What are the 3 mammalian spieces?
    marsupials, monotremes, placenta
  5. Domain Eukarya
    nuclei
  6. Kingdom Animalia
    multicellular, heterotrophs, movement
  7. Phylum Chordata
    • spine, notochord
    • "vertebraes"
  8. Class Mammalia
    give birth to live young, hair, warm blooded
  9. Order Primate
    eyes face forward, opposable thumbs
  10. Family Homindae
    large, little hair on face, fingernails, fingerprints
  11. Genus Homo
    bipedal, reduced hair on bodies, throats designed for language
  12. Species Sapiens
    wise, thinking
  13. bilateral symmetry
    can be cut in half into two equal parts when cut down the middle
  14. asymmetrical
    CANNOT be cut into two equal parts
  15. radial symmetry
    body radiates from a central point
  16. Why use Latin?
    • 1) all educated people studied Latin
    • 2) it was a "universal" language that gapped language barriers
    • 3) it was a "dead" language no one spoke, so meanings didn't change
  17. taxonomic heirarchy
    • domain
    • kingdom
    • phylum
    • class
    • order
    • family
    • genus
    • species

    Dumb Kings Play Chess On Fat Green Stools
  18. mammalia Monotremes
    • lay eggs like reptiles
    • sweat milk from mammary glands
    • (platypus)
  19. mammalia Marsupials
    • pouch
    • nipple in pouch
    • (kangaroo, koala)
  20. mammalia Placentals
    • uterus
    • nourished through placenta
    • (Humans)
  21. order Atriodactyla
    • even toed hooves
    • herbivores
    • (sheep, pigs, cows, giraffes, goats, deer)
  22. order Carnivora
    • sharp canine teeth
    • molars
    • (cats, dogs, bears, raccoons, etc)
  23. order cetacea
    • ceta= whale
    • front legs are fin like
    • no hind legs
    • blubber
    • (whales, dolphins, porpoises)
  24. order Chiroptera
    • chiro=hand
    • ptera=wing, feather
    • webbed fingers
    • special teeth for insects/fruit
    • (bats)
  25. order Edentata
    • reduced or no teeth
    • (sloths, anteaters, armadillos)
  26. order Insectivora
    • vora=to eat, devour
    • eat insects
    • (moles, shrews, hedgehogs)
  27. order Lagoporpha
    • lagos=hare
    • chisel-like teeth
    • hind legs modified for jumping
    • heares have longer ears & legs than rabbits
    • (hares, rabbits)
  28. order Perissodactyla
    • odd toed hooves
    • herbivores
    • (horse, tapir, rhinos)
  29. order Primates
    • opposable thumbs
    • eyes face forward
    • (lemurs, monkeys, apes, humans)
  30. order Proboscidae
    • long, muscular trunks
    • thick, loose skin
    • upper incisors are tusks
    • (elephants)
  31. order Rodentia
    • roden=gnaw
    • chisel like, constantly growing teeth (incisors)
    • (squirrels, beavers, rats, porcupines, guinea pigs, mice)
  32. order Sirenia
    • aquatic
    • herbivores
    • front legs are fin like
    • no hind legs
    • (manatees)
  33. class Agnatha
    • a=without
    • gnatho=jaw
    • no jaws
    • eel shaped
    • prey on fish
    • (lampreys)
  34. class Amphibia
    • amphi=on both sides
    • eggs have no shells so sperm can swim
    • must develop in water
    • exothermic
    • (frogs, newts, salamanders)
  35. class Aves
    • avi=bird
    • feathers
    • endothermic
    • scales on feet
    • (birds)
  36. class Chondrichthyes
    • jaws
    • cartilage skeleton
    • paired fins
    • (sharks, rays)
  37. class Osteichthyes
    • jaws
    • bony skeleton
    • paired fins
    • (fish we eat)
  38. class Reptilia
    • dry, scaly skin
    • breathe by lungs
    • leathery shelled eggs
    • (snakes, turtles, lizards, crocodiles)
  39. class Mammalia
    • hair on part or all of body
    • warm blooded
    • mammary glands
    • endothermic
    • (humans, rodents, whales, bats)
  40. family Lemuridae
    • arboreal
    • aka "prosimians", meaning pre-primates or before monkeys
    • diurnal, meaning awake during day & asleep at night
    • can't hang from trees by tails
    • (lemurs native to Madagascar)
  41. family Callitrichidae
    • arboreal
    • monogamous, meaning stays w/1 mate forever
    • very small
    • often give birth to fraternal twins or triplets
    • (marmosets, tamarins naive to Central & South America)
  42. family Cebidae aka New World Monkeys
    • arboreal
    • herbivores
    • fingernails
    • have scent glands
    • some species have prehensile tails
    • (spider & squirrel monkeys)
  43. family Cercophithecidae aka Old World Monkeys
    • distinct facial structures
    • have tails, not prehensive
    • opposable thumbs
    • omnivores
    • fingernails
    • (baboons)
  44. family Hylobatidae aka Lesser Apes
    • smaller
    • don't build nests or bushes
    • no tails
    • long arms
    • arboreal
    • (gibbons & siamangs)
  45. family Homindae aka Great Apes
    • fingernails
    • no tails
    • big bodies
    • long adolescence
    • build nests or bushes
    • little hair on face
    • (gorillas, chimps, humans, orangutangs)

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