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An analogy tests...
... your understanding of the relationship between the pairs of example words and your ability to recognize other pairs that have a similar relationship.
The basic techniques for solving analogies are:
- (A) process of elimination. eliminate words or pairs that definitely do not fit.
- (B) make a sentence that describes the relationship between the words.
- (C) define one word in terms of the other word.
common analogy relationships: A is a type
of B, A is used
to B, A is a degree
of B, A is charactrized
by B, A lacks
If more than one answer seems to fit...
... make the sentence more specific, until only one anwer is left.
If you don't know some of the answer words...
- use process of elimination
- - get rid of answers that you know can't be correct
- - if you know one word of an answer pair but not the other, don't eliminate it unless you know the other word doesn't fit the analogy
Common analogy relationships are:
- A is a type of B
- A is used to B
- A is a greater/lesser degree of B
- A is characterized by B
- A lacks B
If you don't know the stem words...
- - eliminate answer words that do not have any relationship with eachother
- - make sentences for the remaining answer pairs
- - the example words should fit exactly in the sentence you've made for the answer pairs
- - is there likely to be a word that fulfills the kind of relationship you describe in your answer sentence?
- ex: drawl:speak - scintillate:flash (is there likely to be a word that means "to flash slowly"? No)
(A) If you know both words in the eample pair:
(B) If you don't know one of the words in the example pair:
(C) If you don't know either of the words in the example pair:
- (A) make a defining sentence, apply that sentence to the answer choices, use process of elimination, make a more specific sentence if needed.
- (B) make defining sentences using the answer pairs, eliminate those without relationships, fill in the example pair to the answer pair sentences
- (C) same as B but in the end, make an educated guess based on which answer choice has the strongest relationship
don't forget to check the parts of speech & look for secondary meanings