Card Set Information
Connects bones to bones
Connects muscles to bones
Name the involuntary muscle of internal organs
Name for involuntary, striated, heart muscle
Name for voluntary, striated muscle
Organ that compacts digestive wastes and reabsorbs water
Organ that churs food and adds enzymes
Organ that finishes digestion and absorbs the nutrients
increases the intestine's surface area for absorption- tiny 'fuzzy things"
Makes bile, stores sugar, makes urea
Makes enzymes for the small int. ( but food never goes into it)
Stores bile and releases it
Takes food from mouth to stomach
Valve to keep food from going backwards in digestive system
Waves of smooth muscle contraction that push food along the digestion sys.
Blood cell that causes clotting
Blood cell that defends against disease
Blood cell that carries oxygen and carbon dioxide
protective sac around the heart
Organ that filters out damaged and worn out blood cells
Heart chamber that gets blood from the body
Heart chamber that gets blood from the lungs
Heart chamber that pumps blood into the lungs
heart chamber that pumps blood to the lower body
Largest artery that goes to entire lower body
Largest vein that comes up the entire lower body
Second largest vein that comes down from the entire body
Voice box that has vocal cords inside it
Carries urine from kidney to urinary bladder
Spindle fibers appear
New cell wall or cell membrane froms
Chromosomes line up at the cell's center
Short chromosomes become long, stringy chromatin
Chromosomes are pulled into two seprate groups
DNA makes a copy of itself
Spindle fibers disappear
Long, stringy chromatin becomes short chromosomes
Carries code from DNA to the ribosomes- ribosomes "read it"
Any molecules that is a long chain of amino acids
Master blueprint- makes all of the RNA of the cell
Picks up amino acids and puts them into place in a protein
Molecule that ribosomes are made out of
Protein that causes or controls the reactions in a living thing
List the 8 systems found in a human or a mink
List three functions of the skeletal or muscular system
List three different kinds of muscle found in the body
The most common kind of muscle has a very reconizable appearance under the microscope. Describe it
Skelatal muscle is straited (striped)
Name three digestive organisms that food never goes into or through
waves of smooth muscle contraction that push food along the digestive sys.
Where do you find villi? What do they do?
Villi are inside the small int.
They absorb food into the blood and gives the small int. a huge surface area
Name three functions of the circulatory system
What happends in the alveoli?
What does your body do with the oxygen that is carried to every cell?
for aerobic respiration
removing waste made by the cells
all the reactions happening in the cells
a balence of the internal enviorment of an organism
What is the name of the major organ of the excretory system?
Why is the large intestine NOT a true excretory organ?
the waste (feces) in the large int. never went to the cells and came back again
Name three functions of the brain and nervous system
What is the largest part of the brain?
Second largest part of the brain?
surrounds and covers the brain
surrounds and covers the heart
holds the intestines in place
Reduces friction inside the body wall and outside of the stomach, intestines, ect.
beginning of the universe
formation of earth and solar system
appearence of first living thing ( cell)
time of the dinosaurs
appearence of modern humans
4 kinds of evolution and defonitions
micro- small changes in living things over a short period of time
macro- big changes in living things that happen over long period of time
chemical- changes in molecules to eventually form life
cosmic- changes in the universe to produce atoms, stars, galaxies ect.
Example of microevolution
Example of macro evolution
Dinos to everyday mammels
5 parts of the theory of natural selection
survival of the fittest
reproduction of survivors
What is the job of NADP?
it stores and releases hydrogen
Reaction of photosynthesis
light+Co2+H2O --> glucose +oxygen
What is the job of ATP?
Stores and releases energy
How are mitosis and protein synthesis related?
1. Mitosis makes cells with DNA, so they can do protein synthesis
2. protein synthesis may cause a cell to grow so much that mitosis becomes nessary
What purposes does your body do mitosis for?
growth and replacement
What makes one protein different from another?
1. the order
2. the amount
3. the combo
4. all of the above
1. genes must work in pairs
2. egg/ sperm get one gene per pair
3. dominate genes cover recessive ones
4. genes for one trait does NOT affect ratios for other traits
What are the 4 characteristics that makes mitosis differnent from meiosis?
makes 2 cells
that are diploid
that are daughter cells
that are identical
What are the 4 characteristics that makes meiosis differnent from mitosis?
makes 4 cells
that are non identical
that are monoploid
that are gamates
Who developed the modern classification system for living things?
What was the title of Linneaus's book and when was it published?
Natural Systems, 1735
List the 5 kindoms
Animal, Plant, Fungi, Protista, Monera
What language is used for scientific names and why?
Latin, its a dead language and not ever changing
Why are scientific names used?
avoid confusion-having universal names
name 5 organisms that have a scientific name that is als a common name?
alligator, bison, octopus, rhinoceros, boa
How does an evolutionist use scientific names?
to show what evolved from what and how long ago
How does a creationist use scientific names?
show that God created in an organized way
Who is the father of genetics?
Who developed the therory fro natural selection?
process in which a plant uses light to make glucose
process in which the plant uses glucose for energy
type of anarobic respiration that makes the waste ethanol
animal muscles that aren't getting enough energy
getting energy out of glucose by ADDING OXYGEN
getting energy out of glucose WITHOUT OXYGEN
organism that can make food
organism that cannot make its own food
organism that eats plants
organism that eats meat
organism that causes decay
DNA making RNA
RNA makes proteins
DNA making DNA
shpe of DNA
basic unit of DNA
piece of chromosome that controls a single trait
egg and sperm combine to make offspring
the way a trait looks
list of genes in an organism
2 genes in a pair that are the same
2 genes in a pair that are different
gene that covers up another gene in a pair
gene that gets covered up by another gene in a pair
method of finding outcome of offspring
norml # of chromosomes
1/2 the normal # fo chromosomes
Human Genome Project
list of all ATCG's that are in a human cell
cell htat has the ability to make a whole organism
making a new organism from an existing one
picture of all chromosomes from one nucleus cronged in order
cells that can become any cell or tissue in the body
organism with gene(s) from different species
earliest known hominid species
place where Lucy was found
place where Charles Darwin studied
On the Orgin of Species
title of Charles Darwin's book
current scientific explanation of the begining of the universe
the order of mammels that includes lemers, monkeys, apes, and humans
family of primaes that only include humans
science of classifying using a set of characteristics