chapter 20, hiatal hernia and GERD

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Author:
tville01
ID:
155061
Filename:
chapter 20, hiatal hernia and GERD
Updated:
2012-05-21 13:20:11
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chapter 20 hiatal hernia GERD
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chapter 20, hiatal hernia and GERD
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  1. describe a hiatal hernia
    • diaphrgam defect
    • stomach goes through esophageal hiatus
    • caused by muscle weakening with age
    • asymptomatic
    • can experience relux, heartburn, and chest pain
  2. what is a sliding hernia
    • most common
    • stomach & gastroesophageal junction move above diaphragm
    • returns to normal in anatomical position
  3. what is a paraesophageal hernia/rolling
    • fundus of stomach goes above esophageal hiatus
    • causes ulcercation by compressing blood vessels in stomach
  4. what is a mixed hernia
    patient has both sliding and rolling hernia
  5. what is GERD
    • gastric juices flowing into esophagus peroidically
    • often occurs with hiatal hernias
    • heartburn

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