Know Erikson's stages and crises for Middle Adulthood through Late Adulthood
Middle adulthood: Generativity vs. stagnation- can I make my life count? Work, parenthood
Late Adulthood: Integrity vs. despair-is it okay to have been me? Reflection on life
The gradual decline of physical capacities, varies organ to organ
gender differences in senescence
outward appearance and longevity, woman age more slowly
What are changes in physical appearance, sense organs and reproductive system in middle adulthood?
Physical appearance: outward signs of senescence are presented long before old age arrives
Sense organs: sight is the first to go, the aging brain
The sexual reproductive systems declines
How prevalent is infertility? Among healthy adults in their 20s? Among 30 year olds in poor countries? Why is there a difference? What are some causes of infertility?
Only 2% of 20's are infertile
33% of 30 year olds in poor countries
Rates are highest in countries with highest birth rates, because of less health care
Why do doctors recommend women have children before 30 and men before 40?
Egg production declines, chromosomal problems increase, and semen quantity and motility decreases
Menopause: what are symptoms? When does it usually occur?
The time, usually around age 50, when a women's menstrual periods cease completely and the production of estrogen, proestrogen, and testosterone drops, 1 year after last period
Hot flashes and night sweats
Midlife crisis: what percent of population does it really affect?
Empty nest: Is this the typical experience for parents whose children have left home?
Improved mood and welling being for most women
Increased marital satisfaction
What is marital satisfaction like in middle adulthood?
What are the health habits that affect quality of life?
Obesity and diabetes from over eating
What percentage of US is overweight? Obese? Know obesity is the leading cause of premature death
1/3 are obese
U.S. leads world in rate of obesity and diabetes
SES differences in aging
Well educated, financially secure people live long, avoid chronic illness and diabetes, and feel healthier
Why do most long-term marriages last according the couples themselves? See p. 291
Affected by family relationships in childhood
As covered in class approximately what is the divorce rate in terms of numbers per 1,000 in the U.S.?
Understand the research on the effects of divorce. And remarriage. When might divorce be more beneficial? When might it be most stressful?
Is most likely in the first 5 years of marriage
Is higher among those who have been married before
According to your text, what are ways adults seek generativity (begins p. 596)
Through work or parenthood or care giving
In late adulthood what are the: Appearance, sensory, hormonal, health status, mobility, intelligence, cognitive and memory changes (what abilities decline and what impact do they have)?
They all decline
What can lessen the cognitive decline in the later years of life?
Good health and intellectual stimulation
Know what ages the terms young-old, old-old, and oldest-old refer to and the general ability/health status associated with each group.
Life expectancy drops
age discrimination stereotyping and discriminating against individuals or groups because of their age
According to material covered in class, does sex remain important to older adults? Is there a significant decline in sex drive with age? What accounts for most of the decline in sexual activity among older adults?
Yes there is a decline
Men's physical health (40%), lack of partner, ed, women: 45% lack of interest, 35% lack of orgasm
Are rates of mental disorder and substance abuse higher, lower, or the same in late adulthood compared to other age groups?
Lower than the other age groups
How do social networks change for older adults? (How does the importance of children and siblings tend to change in later years?)
While older adults maintain ties with children and siblings, friends become more important
What is dementia?
A chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes, and impaired reasoning
What are types of dementia covered in the text and in class?