Chpter 8 - Bureaucracy

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  1. The first Departments
    • Dept of State - Diplomacy and Foreign Affairs, Dept of War - Military matters & nat.defense
    • Dept of Justice- Legal matters under fed law
    • Dept of the Treasury - Tax Revenue & exp.
  2. HEW
    Created in the 1950, Health, Education and Welfare. 1970 - It was split into the Dept of Ed and Dept of Health and Human Svcs.
  3. Department
    Any of the major 15 gov. agencies responsible for specific policy areas whose heads are usually called secretaries and serve in the president's cabinet.
  4. Patronage System (spoils system)
    A system that rewards the supporters of successful political candidates and parties with government jobs while firing supporters of the opposing party.
  5. Benefits of Bureaucracy
    Standardization, Expertise and Competence, Accountability and Coordination.
  6. Civil Service Sytem
    A government employment system in which employees are hired on the basis of their qualifications and cannot be fired merely for belonging to the wrong political party; originated with the federal Pendleton Act in 1883 and expanded at other levels of government in the half-century that followed.
  7. Privatization
    The process of turning some responsibilities of government bureaucracy over to private organizations on the assumption that they can administer and deliver services more effectively and inexpensively.
  8. decentralization
    a reform in which government could give greater independence to regional offices that would be more closely connected to local issues and client populations.
  9. Senior Executive Service (SES)
    a federal program that enables senior administrators with outstanding leadership and management skills to be moved between jobs in different agencies in order to enhance the performance of the bureaucracy.
  10. iron triange
    a concept describing the tight relationship and power over policy issues between interest groups, key committee members in Congress and bureaucracy leaders.
  11. Issue Networks (Policy Communities)
    Interest groups, scholars, and other experts that communicate about, debate, and interact regarding issues of interest and thus influence public policy when the legislature acts on those issues.
  12. Regulations
    Legal rules created by government agencies based on authority delegated by the legislature.
  13. Whistleblowers
    employees within the bureaucracy that provide info about misconduct by gov. officials.
  14. Whistleblowers Protection Act of 1989
    a federal law intended to prevent officials in the bureaucracy from being punished in their efforts to protect the country from governmental misconduct.
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Chpter 8 - Bureaucracy
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