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Human Motor Development
Process through which we pass during the course of our life.
Why motor development is important
- To understand present motor behavior, understand what this behavior was like in the past and why, and understand what the behavior will be like in the future and why.
- We can diagnose cases of abnormal development and provide intervention and remediation.
Concerns humna intellectual development
Concerned with the social and emotional aspects of human development
Development of human movement and factors that affect development
All types of physical/bodily change
Changes that all humna beings face across their lifespan. Such changes reslut from increasing age as well as one's experiences in life, one's genetic potential, and the interactions of all three factors at any given time. Therefore, development is an interactional process that leads to changes in behavior over the lifespan.
Elements of Developmental Change
- Qualitative-not "just more of something"
- Sequential-certain motor patterns precede others
- Cumulative-behaviors are additive
- Directional-development has an ultimate goal
- Multifactorial-no single factor directs change
- Individual-rate of change varies for all people
Term referring to the progressions and regressions that occur throughout the lifespan
The structural aspect of development. Quantitative-increases in size
Deals with the functional changes in human development. Qualitative - functions of organs and tissues
From head to tail. Can be applied developmentally through the study of walking.
From those points close to the body's center to those points close to the periphery. Prenatal growth and acquisition of motor skill.
Progression from gross, immature movement to precise, well-controlled, intentional movement
Motor systems are able to function together as ability progresses.
Movement controlled by the large muscles or muscle groups (legs)
Movemnet controlled by the small muscles or muscle groups (hands)
Emphasizes the movement without consideration for the outcome (how a child catches a ball)
Emphasizes the outcome of a movement (how much control did the child have while catching the ball?)
Throughout lifespan, accepted age periods are helpful in discussions concerning development throughout the lifespan. The term stages is often substituted for the term age periods.
Begins when adolescence reaches maximum height. girls 20, boys 22, lasts until 40
60 to death
Stages of Development
Phase, time, levels, periods. Provides manageable portions of behavior. Controversy over whether the stages of development actually exist.
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