Motor Development

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Motor Development
2012-05-22 01:21:50

Motor development and learning final
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  1. Human Motor Development
    Process through which we pass during the course of our life.
  2. Why motor development is important
    • To understand present motor behavior, understand what this behavior was like in the past and why, and understand what the behavior will be like in the future and why.
    • We can diagnose cases of abnormal development and provide intervention and remediation.
  3. Cognitive Domain
    Concerns humna intellectual development
  4. Affective Domain
    Concerned with the social and emotional aspects of human development
  5. Motor Domain
    Development of human movement and factors that affect development
  6. Physical Domain
    All types of physical/bodily change
  7. Human Development
    Changes that all humna beings face across their lifespan. Such changes reslut from increasing age as well as one's experiences in life, one's genetic potential, and the interactions of all three factors at any given time. Therefore, development is an interactional process that leads to changes in behavior over the lifespan.
  8. Elements of Developmental Change
    • Qualitative-not "just more of something"
    • Sequential-certain motor patterns precede others
    • Cumulative-behaviors are additive
    • Directional-development has an ultimate goal
    • Multifactorial-no single factor directs change
    • Individual-rate of change varies for all people
  9. Development
    Term referring to the progressions and regressions that occur throughout the lifespan
  10. Growth
    The structural aspect of development. Quantitative-increases in size
  11. Maturation
    Deals with the functional changes in human development. Qualitative - functions of organs and tissues
  12. Cephalocaudal
    From head to tail. Can be applied developmentally through the study of walking.
  13. Proximodistal
    From those points close to the body's center to those points close to the periphery. Prenatal growth and acquisition of motor skill.
  14. Differentiation
    Progression from gross, immature movement to precise, well-controlled, intentional movement
  15. Integration
    Motor systems are able to function together as ability progresses.
  16. Gross Movement
    Movement controlled by the large muscles or muscle groups (legs)
  17. Fine Movement
    Movemnet controlled by the small muscles or muscle groups (hands)
  18. Process Approach
    Emphasizes the movement without consideration for the outcome (how a child catches a ball)
  19. Product Approact
    Emphasizes the outcome of a movement (how much control did the child have while catching the ball?)
  20. Age Periods
    Throughout lifespan, accepted age periods are helpful in discussions concerning development throughout the lifespan. The term stages is often substituted for the term age periods.
  21. Early Adulthood
    Begins when adolescence reaches maximum height. girls 20, boys 22, lasts until 40
  22. Middle Adulthood
  23. Late Adulthood
    60 to death
  24. Stages of Development
    Phase, time, levels, periods. Provides manageable portions of behavior. Controversy over whether the stages of development actually exist.