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ataxic gait is a sign of what
ataxia = loss of ability to control muscle movement
spending lits of time in double support is a sign of
LE's are ER is sign of
wide base of support, tremors, signs of
hypertonicity in both LE is sign of
cerebral palsy, aka spastic displegia
walking on toes (no heel strike) because of too much time in plantar flexion is sign of
legs scissoring (crossing in front) bc of lack of abd tone is sign of
if onesided - hemiplegia
quick step time, short step length, over dependancey on UE when using a device or railing ... signs of?
antalgic gait (painful gait) -- mayby post-op
lack of heel strike, going to foot flat bc of poor control of TA, toe drag - signs of?
2 stroke symptoms in the knees
- recurvatum at midstance
- knees flexed at midstance
4 signs of hemiplegia
- scissoring gait in the affected leg
- use of hip hiking and circumduction to move leg
- excessive pelvic and trunk movement to advance leg
- using adductors to move leg
use of hip hiking and circumduction to move leg - sign of
use of excessive pelvic and trunk movement to advance leg
use of adductors to move leg - signs of
when is kid a "walker?"
when it can take 10 successive steps w/o support
at what age is kid usually a walker
3 things missing in a kid's initial gait, and when to they appear?
- no heel strike (straight to foot flat)
- no recip arm swing
- no trunk and pelvic rot
- 4-6 months after walking starts
toddlers (1-3 yo) - their center of gravity compared to ours? its effect on their gait?
it's higher due to their big heads and chests, and it makes the walk w wider base of support
how much time do we spend in single leg stance? how much time do toddlers spend?
- us - 39% per leg
- them - 30% per leg-- so they spend more time in double leg stance
stride length: leg length
ratio for us
ratio for toddlers
at what age do kids start walking like adults?
- 8 yo -
- they start going 3mph,
- 80-120 steps/min,
- 1.57 stride length:leg length
at what ages do kids have mature arm movements while walking? hip movements?
how much reduction in velocity, how often, after what age?
2.5-4.5% reduction every 10 yrs after 20 yo
gait changes after age 62?
- decrese in unilat stance time
- decrease in PF and DF, but esp DF
- decrease force in PF
climbing stairs, % of time foot's in contact w stair and % of time it's in the air
stair climbing - describe the weight acceptance phase
foot is on step and yr starting to put wt on it
stair climbing - describe the pull up phase
contralat leg starts to rise
stair climbing - describe the forward continuance phase
contralat leg is up, moving forward
three stance phases and two swing phases of stairs
- wt acceptance, pull up, forward continuance
- foot clearance, foot placement
foot clearance phase in stair climbing
foot gets off step
foot placement stage in stair climbing
foot's about to hit next step