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2010-04-22 17:37:47

Quiz 29
Show Answers:

  1. What motion does the shoulder joint move?
    Circular motion
  2. What motion does the elbow and knee move?
    Hinge motion
  3. Define sprain
    A sprain is a joint injury in which there is both some partial or temporary dislocation of the bone ends or partial stretching /tearing of ligaments.
  4. Name an incomplete fracture that occurs in children
    Greenstick fracture
  5. You should suspect a fracture if one of the following signs is present in any pt. (name all for the test)
    • Deformity
    • Tenderness
    • Guarding
    • Swelling
    • Bruising
  6. Define Crepitus
    A grating or grinding sensation felt and sometimes even heard when fractured bone ends rub together.
  7. Whats the onset of compartment syndrome?
    6 - 12 hrs
  8. Name 4 Serious injuries
    • Displaced long bone fractures
    • Multiple hand and foot fractures
    • Open long bone fractures
    • Displaced pelvic fractures
    • Dislocations of major joints
    • Multiple digit amputations
    • Laceration of major nerves and blood vessels
  9. Name 3 life threatening injuries (survival is probable)
    • Multiple closed fractures
    • Limb amputations
    • Fractures of both long bones of the legs ( bilateral femur fractures)
  10. Sprains occur when?
    When the joint is twisted or stretched beyond normal range of motion
  11. What do you check before and after splinting?
  12. How would a splint help a fracture?
    • 1. Reduces pain and prevents additional injury
    • 2. Further damage to muscles, the spinal cord , peripheral nerves, and blood vessels from broken bone ends
    • 3. Laceration of the skin by broken bone ends. One of the primary indications for splinting it to prevent a closed fracture from becoming an open fracture (conversion)
    • 4. Restriction of distal blood flow resulting from pressure of the bone ends on blood vessels
    • 5. Excessive bleeding of the tissues at the injury site caused by broken bone ends.
    • 6. Increased pain from movement of bone ends
    • 7. Paralysis of extremities resulting from a damaged spine.
  13. Deformity of a limb
    The limb may appear to be shortened
  14. Contraindications for a traction splint ( know at least 4 for the test)
    • Injuries of the upper extremity
    • Injuries close to or involving the knee
    • Injuries of the hip
    • Injuries of the pelvis
    • Partial amputations or avulsions with bone separation
    • Lower leg, foot, or ankle
  15. Hazards of improper splinting
    • 1.Compression of nerve, tissues and blood vessels
    • 2.Delay in transport of a pt with life-threatening injury
    • 3.Reduction of distal circulation
    • 4.Aggravation of the injury
    • 5.Injury to tissue, nerves, blood vessels, or muscles as a result of excessive movement of the bone or joint.
  16. General splinting
    • Immobilize the joints above and below the injured joint
    • If pt as signs of shock - align the limb in the normal anatomic position and transport
  17. Rigid splints
    Place padding between the limb and the splint
  18. Whats the most fractured