Chapter 1 and 2.txt

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Chapter 1 and 2.txt
2012-05-23 00:13:33

Chapter 1 and 2
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  1. Boundary-
    emotional and physical barriers that protect and enhance the integrity of individuals, subsystems and families
  2. Black Box concept-
    The idea that the because the mind is so complex, it is better to study their input and output their behavior and communication then to speculate
  3. Circular causality-
    The idea that actions are related through a series of recursive loops or repeating cycles
  4. Complementarity-
    The reciprocity that is the defining feature of every relationship.
  5. Complementary relationship-
    Based on differences that fit together the qualities of one make up for what lacks in the other, one is up while the other is down.
  6. Cybernetics-
    the science of feedback; how information, both positive and negative feedback loops can help self regulate a system.
  7. Content-
    What the families talk about
  8. Double Bind-
    A conflict created when a person receives contradictory messages on different levels of abstraction in an important relationship and they can�t leave or comment.
  9. Marital schism-
    Lidz's term for pathological overt marital conflict
  10. Marital Skew-
    Lidz's term for a marriage when one spouse dominates the other
  11. Metacommunication-
    Every message has two levels; report and command. It is the implied command or the qualifying message
  12. Morphogenesis-
    The process by which a system changes its structure to adapt to new contexts.
  13. Family Homeostasis-
    the tendency of families to resist change to keep a steady state.
  14. Family rules-
    redundant behavioral patterns
  15. Feedback loop-
    process by which a system gets the information necessary to maintain a steady course. Can be negative or positive. Negative feedback- how far off the mark the system is straying and the corrections needed to get back on course. It signals the system to get back to baseline/ status quo. Positive feedback- information that confirms and reinforces the direction a system is taking.
  16. General Systems Theory-
    A biological model of living systems that maintain themselves through input and output from the environment.
  17. Identified Patient-
    The person identified by the family as the one with the symptoms.
  18. Open system-
    a set of interrelated elements that exchange information with the environment.
  19. Paradox-
    A self contradictory statement based on valid deduction from acceptable premises.
  20. Paradoxial injunction/ directive-
    Technique used in strategic therapy where the therapist directs the family to continue their symptomatic behaviors . if they conform they admit control, if they rebel they give up their symptoms.
  21. Pescribing the symptom-
    a technique that forces the client to give up the symptom or admit that it is under voluntary control.
  22. Process-
    How the members of the family relate
  23. Pseudohostility-
    Wynne's term for superficial bickering that masks pathological alignments in schizophrenic families
  24. Pseudomutality-
    Wynnes term for the faade of family harmony that characterizes many schizophrenic families.
  25. Quid pro quo-
    something for something
  26. Reframing-
    Re-labeling a family's description of behavior to make it more open to therapeutic change
  27. Resistance-
    things patients or families do to interfere with the therapy process.