Unit 5.txt

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Author:
Cloe
ID:
155382
Filename:
Unit 5.txt
Updated:
2012-05-23 03:10:50
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Pharmacology Anxiety
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Chapter 5 of the Pharmacology for Pharmacy Technicians Text by Moscou/Snipe
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  1. Anxiety
    Condition associated with tension, apprehension, fear, or panic.
  2. Anxiolytic
    Drug used to treat anxiety
  3. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    Condition of daily excessive worrying and tension for more then 6 months
  4. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    Inhibility to control or stop repeated unwanted thoughts or behaviours
  5. Panic Disorder
    Repeated sudden feelings of terror
  6. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    Stress disorder developed after being involved or witnessing a traumatic event
  7. Cause of Anxiety Disorders
    • 1) Enviromental
    • 2) Biological
    • 3) Developmental
    • 4) Socieoeconomic conditions
    • 5) Combination of above
  8. Four Major Types of Anxiety Disorders
    • 1) Generalized Panic Disorder
    • 2) Panic Disorder
    • 3) OCD
    • 4) Post-Traumatic Stress
  9. Generalized Panic Disorder
    • 1) Excessive worry and tension experienced daily for longer than 6 months.
    • 2) Women; twice as likely as men
  10. Anxiety Drug Treatment
    • 1) Anxiolytics
    • 2) Psychotherapy (ie behavioral therapy)
  11. Benzodiazepines
    1) Principal class of medication for anxiety

    2) Capable of producing tolerance, dependence and amnesia

    3) T 1/2 - Several Days
  12. BuSpar - buspirone
    • 1) Class type - Azapirones
    • 2) Doesn't cause tolerance, dependence or sedation
    • 3) Effective in 1-3 weeks
    • 4) Cautioned w/ liver or kidney disease patients
  13. Hydroxyzine
    • 1) Brand: Atarax
    • 2) Antihistamine for anxiety
    • 3) Anxiety of dental and minor medical procedures
    • 4) Inceased sedation w/ alcohol & other cns depressents
    • 5) Not for Prostate Disease or Lactating Women
  14. Serotonin Syndrome
    • 1) Life-threatening ADR
    • 2) Caused by excessive Serotonin from therapy
    • 3) Confusion, agitation, diarrhea, tremors, ^ BP, seizures
  15. Beta-Blockers & Anxiety
    • 1) Used to reduce palpitations
    • 2) Useful for stage fright
  16. Types of Benzodiazepines
    • 1) alprazolam - Xanax
    • 2) clonazepam - Klonopin
    • 3) clorazepate - Tranxene
    • 4) diazepam - Valium
    • 5) lorazepan - Ativan
    • 6) oxazepam
  17. Types of Azapirone
    1) buspirone - BuSpar
  18. Antidepressants for Anxiety
    • 1) clomipramine - Anafranil
    • 2) fluoxetine - Prozac
    • 3) paroxetine - Paxil
    • 4) sertraline - Zoloft
  19. Anxiety Symptoms
    • 1) Intense Fear
    • 2) Apprehension
    • 3) Tension or Panic
    • 4) Palpitations
    • 5) SOB or Rapid Breathing
    • 6) Nausea
    • 7) Sweating
    • 8) Dry Mouth
  20. Anxiety Symptoms Stem From;
    • 1) Hyperactivity of autoimmune nervous system
    • 2) Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system
  21. Important Neurotransmitters
    • 1) GABA (major)
    • 2) Serotonin
    • 3) Norepinephrine (minor)
  22. Benzodiazepine Common Ending & General ADRs
    • "-epam" or "-olam"
    • 1) Sedation, Ataxia, Confusion & Reduced Motor Function

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