lifespan

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
15548
Filename:
lifespan
Updated:
2010-04-21 15:24:39
Tags:
final
Folders:

Description:
old quizzes
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. When you look at the rate of growth for children from ages 7 to 11, you see that:






    A.
    children grow more slowly than they did in early childhood.

    B.
    children grow faster than they did in early childhood.

    C.
    the rate is about the same from ages 2 to 12.

    D.
    children have a tremendous growth spurt during the school years.
    A. children grow more slowly than they did in eary childhood
  2. The number of overweight children in the United States has increased ______ since 1980.






    A.
    slightly

    B.
    marginally

    C.
    markedly

    D.
    minimally
    c. markedly
  3. Growth in brain sophistication during middle childhood allows the child to direct his or her focus on certain self-chosen environmental elements to the exclusion of others. This ability is known as:






    A.
    automatization.

    B.
    decentration.

    C.
    transduction.

    D.
    selective attention.
    d. selective attention
  4. April is tested on her mastery of college chemistry. She is taking a(n):






    A.
    achievement test.

    B.
    IQ test.

    C.
    field test.

    D.
    aptitude test.
    a. acheivement test
  5. Howard Gardner believes that:






    A.
    there are twelve distinct intelligences.

    B.
    everyone is equal in all types of intelligence.

    C.
    IQ tests are the best way to measure intelligence.

    D.
    musical ability is a type of intelligence.
    d. musical ability is type of intelligence
  6. Mental age divided by one's chronological age and multiplied by 100 is the:






    A.
    PIQ.

    B.
    VIQ.

    C.
    concept of aptitude.

    D.
    IQ.
    d. IQ
  7. A distinct type of intelligence described by Robert Sternberg is:






    A.
    physical.

    B.
    self-knowledge.

    C.
    logical-methodical.

    D.
    practical.
    d. practical
  8. In the school years, Piaget believed that children are in the period of:






    A.
    latency.

    B.
    preoperational thought.

    C.
    metacognitive thought.

    D.
    concrete operational thought.
    d. concrete operational thought
  9. Because she understands reversibility, Darcie believes that:






    A.
    if she doesn't like her snowman, she can always tear it apart and redistribute the snow.

    B.
    her brother will get in trouble if he breaks his mother's favorite vase.

    C.
    adults never grow younger.

    D.
    she can wear her sweater inside out or backwards.
    a. if she doesn't like her snowman, she can always tear it apart and redistribute the snow
  10. The information-processing theory likens many aspects of human thinking to that of:






    A.
    animals.

    B.
    high-level business companies.

    C.
    computers.

    D.
    athletic teams
    c. computers
  11. Metacognition refers to:






    A.
    better problem-solving strategies.

    B.
    better problem-solving abilities.

    C.
    thinking about one's thinking processes.

    D.
    considering multiple alternatives.
    c. thinking about one's thinking processes
  12. John has the ability to talk informally with his friends and more formally to his teachers when called on in class. This is because John understands the:






    A.
    metacognitive aspects of intellect.

    B.
    pragmatics of his language.

    C.
    automatized view of social interaction.

    D.
    control processes of regulation.
    b. pragmatics of language of his language
  13. The issue of local control of curriculum and national standards is a controversial aspect of:






    A.
    the hidden curriculum.

    B.
    the No Child Left Behind Act.

    C.
    Reading First.

    D.
    IQ testing.
    b. the no child left behind act
  14. The unspoken and often unrecognized lessons that children learn in school which are the unofficial, unstated, or implicit rules and priorities that influence the academic curriculum and every other aspect of learning in school is called the:






    A.
    territorial imperative.

    B.
    whole language theory.

    C.
    socioeconomic divide.

    D.
    hidden curriculum.
    d. hidden curriculum
  15. The so-called reading wars most specifically are related to:






    A.
    memorization vs. comprehension.

    B.
    whole language vs. phonics.

    C.
    abstract conceptualization vs. concrete comprehension.

    D.
    metacognition vs. the hidden curriculum.
    b. whole language vs. phonics
  16. In social comparison, children compare themselves with standards set by:






    A.
    the media.

    B.
    their own past behavior.

    C.
    sports heroes.

    D.
    peers.
    d. peers
  17. Lawrence Kohlberg built on the theories of ______ in his description of the stages of moral development.






    A.
    Sigmund Freud

    B.
    Jean Piaget

    C.
    Erik Erikson

    D.
    Carol Gilligan
    b. jean piaget
  18. The Piagetian stage of development that matches Kohlberg's stage of preconventional morality is:






    A.
    the sensorimotor period.

    B.
    the preoperational stage.

    C.
    concrete operations.

    D.
    formal operations.
    b. the preoperational stage
  19. A Florida man killed a doctor who performed abortions. The man knew this was a crime, and he knew he could be convicted of murder. He said stopping abortion was worth dying for. This is an example of:






    A.
    insanity.

    B.
    preconventional morality.

    C.
    conventional morality.

    D.
    postconventional morality.
    d. postconventional morality
  20. The key word in the definition of bullying is:






    A.
    attacks.

    B.
    repeated.

    C.
    abused.

    D.
    intolerant.
    b. repeated
  21. The only country to have a nationwide effort to reduce bullying is:






    A.
    the United States.

    B.
    Spain.

    C.
    Norway.

    D.
    England.
    c. norway
  22. Developing self-respect, nurturing friendships with peers, and encouraging learning are three of the:






    A.
    family structures.

    B.
    measurements of family harmony.

    C.
    functions of a family.

    D.
    suggestions for stress resilience.
    c. funtions of a family
  23. Because John's mother suffers from depression and his father is an alcoholic, John is often neglected. Despite his circumstances, he maintains a positive outlook. What may be helping him keep his positive attitude?






    A.
    the notion that things will eventually get better

    B.
    his circle of friends and their activities

    C.
    looking toward the future and to living away from his parents

    D.
    understanding his parent's problems
    b. his circle of friends and their activities
  24. For boys, the event that most closely parallels menarche is the:






    A.
    growth of the penis.

    B.
    first ejaculation of live sperm.

    C.
    first intercourse.

    D.
    discharge of enough sperm to fertilize an ovum.
    b. first ejaculation of live sperm
  25. The first sign of puberty in a typical girl is:






    A.
    a spurt in height.

    B.
    the onset of breast growth.

    C.
    an increase in weight.

    D.
    the development of muscular strength.
    b. the onsent of breast growth
  26. In males, the onset of puberty brings:






    A.
    dramatic increases in testosterone and slight increases in estrogen.

    B.
    dramatic increases in estrogen and slight increases in testosterone.

    C.
    dramatic increases in both testosterone and estrogen.

    D.
    an increase in testosterone only.
    a. dramatic increases in testosterone and slight increases in estrogen.
  27. In the twentieth century, puberty started a few months earlier for each subsequent generation due to better nutrition and medical care, representing a(n):






    A.
    generational hormonal shift.

    B.
    advanced pituitary pattern.

    C.
    evolution of the HPA axis.

    D.
    secular trend.
    d. secular trend
  28. Family conflict and stress:






    A.
    may cause the early onset of puberty.

    B.
    may cause the late onset of puberty.

    C.
    typically increase after puberty.

    D.
    typically decrease after puberty.
    a. may cause the earlyt onset of puberty
  29. In a recent experiment conducted on 10- to 14-year olds and their food choices:






    A.
    junk food was overwhelmingly selected over healthy food.

    B.
    junk food was mostly selected along with one small healthy food item.

    C.
    healthy food was selected if it was cheaper than unhealthy food.

    D.
    healthy food was consistently selected regardless of peer influence or price.
    C. healthy food was selected if it was cheaper than unhealthy food.
  30. One of the first signs of the growth spurt is:






    A.
    lengthening of the torso.

    B.
    increased muscle mass.

    C.
    growth of arms and legs.

    D.
    growth of fingers and toes.
    d. growth of fingers and toes

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview