chapter 21, urinary General

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tville01
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155484
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chapter 21, urinary General
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2012-05-23 12:52:46
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chapter 21 urinary General
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chapter 21, urinary General
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  1. In a urinalysis what would a cloudy apperance suggest
    • large amounts of
    • protein
    • blood
    • bacteria and/or pus
  2. In a urinalysis what would a drak sample suggest
    • hematuria(blood)
    • excessive bilirubin
    • highly concentrated urine
  3. In a urinalysis what would an unpleasant odor suggest
    • infection
    • diet
    • medication
  4. What are abnormal constituents of urine
    • hematuria
    • protenuria
    • bacteriuria
    • pyuria
    • Casts
    • glucose and ketones(ketoacids)
    • low specific gravity
  5. When would hematuria be present in the urine in small (microscopic)amount
    • infection
    • inflammation
    • tumors of UT
  6. When would hematuria be present in the urine in large (gross)amount
    • increased glomerular permability
    • hemmorhage in UT
  7. What would proteinuria(albuminuria) indicate
    • albumin leaking
    • mixed plasma proteins
    • causes inflammation & increased glommerular permability
  8. What would bacteriuria/pyuria indicate
    UT infection
  9. What would the appearence of casts in the urine indicate
    inflammation of kidney tubules
  10. What is the specific gravity
    indicates ability of tubules to concentrate urine
  11. What does a low specific gravity indicate
    renal failure(assuming normal hydration)
  12. What would glucose and ketones in the urine indicate
    diabetes is not well maintained
  13. What blood test are used to detect urinary system disorders
    • BUN
    • Serum creatine
    • creatine clearance
    • antibody levels
    • Decreased serum pH-acidosis
    • CBC-anemia
  14. What is the end product of protein metabolism
    urea
  15. What happens to plasma levels in renal failure
    plasma levels increase as GFR decreases
  16. what are the kidney diagnostic tests
    • creatine clearance
    • blood urea nitrogen
  17. what does creatine clearance test for
    amount of creatine excreated in a 24 hr period
  18. What are the 2 antibody test given to detect urinary disorders
    • antistreptolysin O(ASO)
    • antistreptokinase(ASK)
  19. Which antibody test is for streptococcal antibodies
    ASO
  20. Both antistreptolysin O(ASO) and antistreptokinase(ASK) antibody test are used to diagnois what
    posteptococcal glomerulonephritis
  21. what causes acidosis
    • decreased GFR
    • tubules not controling acid-base balance
  22. X-ray of UT after injection of radioplaque into vein
    allows veiw of tumors, obstructions, and deformities
    Intravenous pyelogram/IVP/Intravenous Urogram
  23. X-ray of UT
    contrast material intorduced directly into bladder and ureter through cytoscope
    retrograde pyelogram
  24. examination inside bladder with a lighted instrument
    used for biopsy
    cytoscopy
  25. X-ray of the bladder as person is urinating
    bladder filled with contrast material
    reveals bladder reflux
    voiding cystogram
  26. X-ray without die
    1st test performed
    used to determine position of kidneys, ureters and bladder
    looking for gross abnormalities
    KUB

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