Unit 19.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
Cloe
ID:
155581
Filename:
Unit 19.txt
Updated:
2012-05-24 01:28:02
Tags:
Pharmacology Vertigo Ear Disorders
Folders:

Description:
Chapter 19 of the Pharmacology for Pharmacy Technicians textbook by Moscou/Snipe
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Cloe on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Cerumen
    Ear Wax
  2. Cochlea
    Portion of the inner ear involved in hearing
  3. Conductive Hearing Loss
    Abnormality of the outer or middle ear that interferes with transmission of sound through the ear
  4. Equilibrium
    Steadniness or balance accompanied by a sense of body awareness in relationship to its surroundings
  5. Labyrinth
    Bony structure in the inner ear consisting of vestibules, cochlea and semicircular canals and involved in balance
  6. Ménière's Disease
    Chronic disease with intermittent build up of fluid in the inner ear that causes hearing loss & #2 cause of Vertigo
  7. Otoliths
    Calcium carbonate crystals found in the utrical and saccule of the inner ear
  8. Otosclerosis
    Hardening of the inner ear bones
  9. Ototoxicity
    Damage or toxicity to the ear or eighth cranial nerve (associated with hearing)
  10. Presbycusis
    Bilateral hearing loss linked to aging often accompanied with Tinnitus
  11. Saccule
    Saclike inner ear structure that senses vertical motion of the head
  12. Tinnitus
    Intermittent or continuous whistling, crackling, squeaking, or ringing noises in the ear
  13. Tympanic Membrane
    Eardrum
  14. Utricle
    Saclike inner ear structure that senses forward and backwards movement
  15. Vertigo
    Balance disorder caused by a neural mismatch or sensory conflict associated with feeling of spinning in space
  16. Hearing Loss Disorders
    • 1) Otosclerosis
    • 2) Autoimmune hearing loss
    • 3) Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL)
  17. Drugs that induce Hearing Disorders
    • 1) Loop Diuretics
    • 2) Aminoglycoside Antibiotics
    • 3) Antineoplastic Agents
    • 4) Alcohol
    • 5) Salicylates (asprin)
  18. Benign Positional Vertigo
    #1 cause of vertigo
  19. Treatment of SSHL
    1) glucocorticosteriods
  20. Treatment of Autoimmune Hearing Loss
    1) Glucocorticoateroids: Prednisone
  21. Treatment of Vertigo & Ménèire's disease
    • 1) Physical Therapy
    • 2) Lifestyle Changes
    • 3) Antihistamines
  22. Vertigo Antihistamines
    • 1) betahistine: Serc
    • 2) dimenhydrinate: Gravol
    • 3) scopolamine hydrobromine: Transderm V
  23. Antihistamine Cautions
    • 1) prostate disease
    • 2) asthma
    • 3) lactated women (reduces milk supply)
  24. Look-alike Alert
    • dimenhydrinate - Gravol
    • diphenhydramine - Benadryl
  25. Treatments of Auralgia
    • 1) Topical Analgesics
    • 2) Local Anesthetics
    • 3) Oral Analgesics
    • 4) Corticosteroids
  26. Tech Note
    Suspensions are less likely to sting then solutions
  27. Otic Analgesics
    1) antipyrine+benzocaine: Auralgen
  28. Water-Logged vs Swimmers' Ear
    Water-Logged: fluid accumulation due to showering or swimming

    Swimmers' Ear: inflammation, ear damage & infection of external ear following prolonged water exposure
  29. Treatment of Water-Clogged & Swimmers' Ear
    1) isopropyl alcohol+glycerin: Auro-Dri Ear Water Drying Aid (OTC)
  30. Cerumenolytic
    Excess Wax removal agent
  31. Main Bases in Cerumenolytics
    • 1) Emollients (soften wax) or;
    • 2) Carbamide peroxide (breaks up wax)
  32. Types of Emollients
    • 1) Olive oil
    • 2) Mineral oil
    • 3) Glycerin
  33. Murine Earwax Removal System
    Carbamide Peroxide Base
  34. Cerumen Function
    • 1) Reduce risk of bacterial infections
    • 2) Repel water; keep ear dry
    • 3) Barrier of airborne particles
    • 4) Lubricates the external canal
  35. Removal of Wax
    • 1) Apply cerumenolytic
    • 2) Irrigate ear with warm water to remove loosened debris

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview