Unit 37.txt

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Cloe
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155588
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Unit 37.txt
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2012-05-24 02:07:33
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Pharmacology Cancer Treamtment
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Chapter 37 of the Pharmacology for Pharmacy Technicians textbook by Moscou/Snipe
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  1. Three Types of Biopsies
    • 1) Incisional
    • 2) Excisional
    • 3) Fine Needle Aspiration
  2. Cancer
    Term for a disease in which abnormal cells divide beyond control.
  3. Complementary & Alternative Medicines (CAM)
    Treatments that may include dietary supplements, herbal preparations, acupuncture, massage, magnet therapy, meditation
  4. Double-Contast Barium Enema
    Diagnostic test to examine the colon an rectum in which an individual is administered a barium enema and then radiographs are taken
  5. Excisional Biopsy
    Surgical procedure in which an entire lump or suspicious-looking tissue is removed for diagnosis
  6. External Radiation
    Radiation therapy that uses a machine to a high-energy rays at the cancer
  7. Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)
    Test to check for blood in stool
  8. Implant Radiation
    • Procedure in which radioactive material is sealed in needles, seeds, wires or catheters and placed directly in or near tumour
    • Aka Brachytherapy
  9. Ionizing Radiation
    • Type of high-frequency radiation produced by x-rays.
    • Carcinogenic
  10. Leukemia
    Cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow
  11. Melanoma
    Form of skin cancer that arises in melanocytes, pigment producing cells
  12. Neoplasms
    Tumours
  13. Polyp
    Growth that protrudes from a mucous membrane
  14. Radiation Therapy
    Use of high-energy radiation from x-rays, gamma rays and neutrons to kill cancer cells and shrink tumours
  15. Radon
    Radioactive gas that if inhaled can lead to lung cancer
  16. Sonogram
    Computer image of organs by an ultrasound
  17. Staging
    Extent of cancer based on tumour size, lymph node contamination and spread
  18. Stem Cell
    Type of cell from which other types of cells develop
  19. Stem Cell Transplant
    Procedure used to replace cells that were destroyed by cancer treatment
  20. Tumor Marker
    Substance sometimes found in the blood, body fluids or tissue that may signal the present of certain cancer types.
  21. Cancer Risk Factors
    • 1) Age
    • 2) Tabacco
    • 3) Ionzing Radiation & Sun
    • 4) Hazardous Chemicals & Enviro Pollutants
    • 5) Bacterial/Viral Infection
    • 6) Hormone Therapy
    • 7) Family History
    • 8) Alcoholism
    • 9) Diet, Inactivity and Obesity
  22. Signs of Skin Cancer
    • A - asymmetry
    • B - border
    • C - color
    • D - diameter
    • E - elevation
  23. Treatment of Cancer is Based on;
    • 1) Type of Cancer
    • 2) Stage of Cancer
    • 3) Tolerance for ADRs
    • 4) Age
    • 5) Grade of the primary tumor
    • 6) Capacity of the Cancer to Metatasize
  24. Common Ending of Aromatase Inhibitors
    "-trozole"
  25. Common Ending for Taxanes
    "-taxel"
  26. Common Ending for Anthracyclines
    "-rubicin"
  27. Common Ending for Topoisomerase Inhibitors
    "-poside" & "-tecan"
  28. Common Ending for Platinum Compounds
    "-platin"
  29. 4 Cancer Stages
    • 1) Primary Site only
    • 2) Primary Region
    • 3) Spread to other Regions
    • 4) Spread to Lymph Nodes
  30. Treatment of Each Stage
    • 1) Surgery of Cancer Site
    • 2) Surgery+Minimal Therapy
    • 3) Surgery+Heavy Therapies
    • 4) Pallative Care
  31. Adjuvant Therapy
    Chemotherapy done after surgery to irradicate any leftover cancerous cells
  32. Treatment Choice for Breast Cancer
    Hormone Therapy

    • 1) Antiestrogens
    • 2) Estrogen Downregulators
    • 3) Aromatase Imhibitors
    • 4) Progestins
    • 5) GnRH / LHRH
  33. Common Beginning for Vinca Alkaloids
    "vin-"
  34. 5-FU
    Fluoropyrimidines

    • 1) Colotectal Cancers
    • 2) Leukemia
    • 3) Gastric Cancers
    • 4) Basal Cell Carcinoma
    • 5) Lung Cancer
    • 6) Ovarian Cancer
    • 7) Pamcreatic Cancer
  35. Akylating Agents
    • 1) Breast Cancer
    • 2) Hodgkin's disease,
    • 3) Non-Hodgkin's
    • 4) Acute Lymphocytic Leuk.
    • 5) Ovarian Cancer
    • 6) Multiple Myeloma
    • 7) Retinoblastoma
  36. Taxanes
    Treats Breast Cancer
  37. Vinca Alkaloids
    • 1) Lung Cancer
    • 2) Breast Cancer
    • 3) Kaposi's Sarcoma
    • 4) Hodgkin's/non Disease
    • 5) Testicular Cancer
  38. Anthracyclines
    • 1) Breast Cancer
    • 2) Bladder Cancer
    • 3) Lung Cancer
    • 4) Hogkin's
    • 5) Leukemia
    • 6) Gastric Cancer
    • 7) Ovarian Cancer
    • 8) Thyroid Cancer
    • 9) Multiple Myelome
    • 10) Sarcoma
  39. Monoclonal Antibodies
    Treats Metastatic Breast Cancer
  40. Antimetabolites
    • 1) Lung Cancer
    • 2) Breast Cancer
    • 3) Bladder Cancer
    • 4) Leukemia/Lymphoma
    • 5) Rheumatoid Arthritis
  41. Platinum Compounds
    Treats Testicular and Ovarian Cancers
  42. Topoisomerase Inhibitors
    • 1) Testicular Cancer
    • 2) Lung Cancer
    • 3) Leukemia
    • 4) Ovarian Cancer
    • 5) Cervical Cancer
    • 6) Colorectal Cancer
  43. Bleomycin
    • 1) Reproduction Cancers
    • 2) Hodgkin's Disease
    • 3) Head & Neck Cancers
  44. Mitomycin
    • 1) Gastric Cancers
    • 2) Pancreatic Cancer
  45. Hydroxyurea
    • 1) Head & Neck Cancers
    • 2) Ovarian Cancer
    • 3) Leukemia
    • 4) Sickle Cell Anemia

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