Unit 38.txt

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Unit 38.txt
2012-05-24 02:10:30
Pharmacology Vaccines Immunological Treatments

Chapter 38 of the Pharmacology for Pharmacy Technicians textbook by Moscou/Snipe
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  1. Cold Chain
    Safe handling so vaccines & immunologicals are kept refridgerated from manufacturer to patient
  2. Conjugate Vaccine
    Vaccine that links antigens or toxoids to the polysaccharide or sugar molecules that certain bacteria use to coat and diguise themselves
  3. Immunosuppressent
    Drug that block the growth & spread of the cells of the immune systems
  4. Immunization
    Deliberate, artificial expose to a disease to produce immunity
  5. Inactivated, Killed Vaccine
    Killed Vaccine. It provides less imunity then live vaccines but has fewer risks
  6. Live, Attenuated Vaccine
    Living, but weakened, version of the invader but doesnt cause disease (nonviral)
  7. Toxoid Vaccine
    Vaccine that stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies to a specific illness causing toxin (tetnus)
  8. Vaccine
    Substance that prevents disease by taking advantage of a bodies ability to make antibodies and release "killer" cells to disease
  9. Signs of Broken Cold Chain
    • Dry ice has evaporated
    • Ice packs have thawed
  10. Dispensing fridge items
    • > 20 min to home; dispense in an insulated bag
    • < 20 min to home; dispense with ice packs insulated bag
  11. Cyclosporine
    Immunosuppressant to prevent organ transplant rejection
  12. Macrolides
    Immunosuppressant to prevent organ transplant rejection and treatment of eczema
  13. Cyclosporine Brands
    • Neoral
    • Sandimune
  14. Cyclosporine Warning Labels
    • Avoid Pregnancy
    • Dilute Oral Solution
    • Swallow Capsules Whole
    • Do Not Refridgerate
    • Discard Discolored/Cloudy Injection Solutions
  15. Macrolides Common Ending
  16. Types of Macrolides
    • sirolimus - Rapamune
    • tacrolimus - Prograf, Protopic
  17. Macrolide Warning Labels
    • Avoid Grapefruit
    • Dilute Oral Solutions
    • Avoid Skin Contact
    • Fridge; Discard After 30d
  18. Mycophenolate Mofetil
    Used with corticosteroids and cyclosporine to decrease transplant rejection
  19. Mycophenolate Mofetil Brands
    • Celcept
    • Myfortic
  20. Mycophenolate Mofetil Warning Labels
    • Shake Well (suspensions)
    • Swallow Whole
    • Take on Empty Stomach
    • Store at Room Temp for 60d