Unit 42.txt

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Author:
Cloe
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155594
Filename:
Unit 42.txt
Updated:
2012-05-24 02:21:47
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Pharmacology Psoriasis Skin Disorders
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Description:
Chapter 42 of the Pharmacology for Pharmacy Technicians textbook by Moscou/Snipe
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  1. Atopic
    Inherit tendancy to develope other allergic conditons
  2. Atopic Dermatitis
    • Chronic disease of the skin
    • Most common form of eczema
  3. Cutaneous
    Pertaining to the skin
  4. Dermatitis
    Inflammation of the skin
  5. Eczema
    Used to describe several types of skin inflammation
  6. Exacerbation
    • Aggravation of symptoms
    • Increase in severity
  7. Phototherapy
    Treatment for Atopic Dermatitis that involves exposure to UV A & B waves
  8. Psoriasis
    Chronic skin disease w/ itchy red patches covered by silvery scales
  9. Remission
    Lessening in severity or an abatement of symptoms
  10. Children w/ Atopic Dermatitis
    75% of children are prone to developing Hay Fever and Asthma
  11. Common Skin Irritants
    • 1) wool & synthetic fibers
    • 2) soaps & detergents
    • 3) perfumes & cosmetics
    • 4) dust & sand
    • 5) cigarette smoke
  12. Types of Eczema
    • 1) dyshidrotic: hands/feet
    • 2) neurodermatitis: caused by an itch from a bite
    • 3) seborrhic: yellowish, scales on scalp & face
    • 4) statis: lower legs from poor circulation
  13. Urticaria
    Hives
  14. Eczema Aggravators
    • 1) stress
    • 2) allergies
    • 3) scratchy clothing
    • 4) low humidity, hot baths
    • 5) lack of moisterizers
  15. Psoriasis Cause
    • Rapid turnover of cells
    • Normal shedding 30 days; psoriasis a few days
  16. Psoriasis Aggravators
    • 1) stress
    • 2) dry skin
    • 3) infections
    • 4) some medications
    • 5) enviromental factors
  17. Skin Care for Eczema
    • 1) avoid hot baths/showers
    • 2) air-dry and pat skin
    • 3) apply cream or ointment not lotions
  18. Treatment of Eczema & Psoriasis
    • Topical Corticosteroids: mild
    • Oral Corticosteroids: severe
  19. Topical Corticosteroids
    • 1) Hydrocorisone: Mild
    • 2) Betamethisone: Medium
    • 3) Clobestol: High Potency
  20. Drug Treatment for Psoriasis
    • 1) calcipotriol: Dovonex
    • 2) methoxsalen: Oxsoralen
    • 3) cyclosporine: Neoral
    • 4) azathioprine: Imuran
    • 5) methotrexate: Generic
  21. calcipotriene: Dononex
    • Vitamin D analogs
    • Treats: Psoriasis
  22. methoxasalen: Oxsoralen
    • Furanocoumarin / Psoralens
    • Treats: Atopic Dermatitis & Psoriasis along w/ UV therapy
  23. cyclosporine: Neoral
    • Immunosuppressant
    • Treats: Severe Atopic Dermatitis & Psoriasis
  24. azathioprine: Imuran
    • Immunosuppressant
    • Treats: Severe Psoriasis
  25. anthralin
    • Oldest drug approved for Psoriasis treatment
    • Not avail in Canada
  26. methotrexate
    • Immunosuppressant
    • Treats: Chronic Psoriasis & Psoriatic Arthritis

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