The Role of The Education System

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HannahABoyd
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155630
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The Role of The Education System
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2012-05-24 07:59:19
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sociology education
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Mr Gunson, AS Sociology Education and Methods
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  1. Functionalism
    Three Main Functions of Education
    1. ?
    2. ?
    3. ?

    • 1. Education performs Secondary Socialisation, passing on core values
    • 2. Education sifts and sorts people for appropriate jobs (Allocation function)
    • 3. Education teaches skills needed for the workplace.
  2. Functionalism
    Three main thinkers?
    1. ?
    2. ?
    3. ?
    • 1. Davis and Moore
    • 2. Durkheim
    • 3. Talcott Parsons
  3. Functionalism
    Davis and Moore key points
    1. ?
    2. ?
    3.?
    4. KEY TERM
    • 1. Society sorts its members into different positions through education
    • 2. There has to a system of unequal rewards (money / status) in order to achieve this.
    • 3. There are different rules as to how society achieves this
    • 4. PRINCIPLE OF STRATIFICATION
  4. Functionalism
    Durkheim key points
    1. ?
    2. ?
    3. ?
    • 1. Education creates social order based on cohesion and value consensus
    • 2. Education passes on norms and values
    • 3. Integrates individuals into society
  5. Functionalism

    Talcott Parsons Key points
    1. ?
    2. ?
    3. ?
    • 1. Schools are meritocratic
    • 2. Education is a bridge between family and adult roles
    • 3. Passes on universal value of achievement.
  6. Functionalism
    Criticisms of Functionalist Role of Education System
    1. ?
    2. ?
    3. ?
    4. ?
    • 1. Evidence of difference in achievement due to ethnicity, class gender etc suggest education isn't meritocratic.
    • 2. Allocation function isn't working (who you know rather than what you know)
    • 3. Education doesn't produce what employers need.
    • 4. Functionalism doesn't look at how education may serve interests of particular groups due to ideology and values
  7. Marxism
    Three main functions of Education
    1. ?
    2. ?
    3. ?
    • 1. Prepares children for the workforce by giving them the skills they need
    • 2. Reinforces inequality
    • 3. Reinforces ruling class ideology and capitalism
  8. Marxism
    Four main thinkers
    1. ?
    2. ?
    3. ?
    4. ?
    • 1. Althusser
    • 2. Bowles and Gintis
    • 3. Willis
    • 4. Bourdieu
  9. Marxism
    Althusser, two main points
    1. ?
    2. ?
    3. KEY TERM
    • 1. Education is a part of ideological state apparatus
    • 2. Education produces a docile and obedient wrokforce
    • 3. RULING CLASS IDEOLOGY
  10. Marxism

    Bourdieu Key Points
    1. ?
    2. DEFINITION
    1. Believes that it is because of Cultural Capital that middle class get top positions

    2. CULTURAL CAPITAL - Cultural capital is the cultural knowledge that allows MC parents to get their children to succeed academically.
  11. Marxism

    Bowles and Gintis Key Point
    1. ?
    • 1. There is a close link between school and the workplace - they mirror each other.
    • (BEYONCE)
  12. Marxism
    Willis - two key points
    1. ?
    2. ?
    • 1. School does not create and obedient workforce
    • 2. Some adapt an anti-school subculture
  13. Marxism
    Criticisms of Marxism functions of education
    1. ?
    2. ?
    3. ?
    • 1. Marxism assumes people are passive victims
    • 2. Willis said that students resist authority
    • 3. Most people don't believe that society is fair

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