Climate Change Terminology

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Climate Change Terminology
2012-05-27 16:00:47
Climate Change Terminology

Climate change terminology
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  1. Climate Change
    Any long-term, significant change in the weather patterns of an area.
  2. Smog
    A combination of fog and smoke or other atmospheric pollutants which makes the fog thick. It is dangerous to living things and damages lungs.
  3. Hydrosphere
    All the waters on the earth's surface. (Includes Groundwater, snow, ice, and water in the atmosphere)
  4. Fossil Fuels
    Any combustible organic material derived from the remains of former life.
  5. Greenhouse Effect
    Atmospheric heat caused by the trapping of the sun's warmth in the earth's lower atmosphere.
  6. Heat Wave
    An unusual hot weather which tends to stay for an extended period of time.
  7. Water Cycle
    A cycle in which water circulates between the earth's hydrosphere and the atmosphere.
  8. Tar Sands
    Sandstone combined of clay, sand, water, and bitumen which is then refined into oil.
  9. Anthropogenic
    Greek word meaning "man made." Effects, Processes of material that are resulting from human activities.
  10. Drought
    Shortage of water resulting from an abnormally low rainfall through a long time period.
  11. Carbon Cycle
    The process where carbon is exchanged between organisms and the environment.
  12. Hydraulic Fracturing
    When millions of gallons of water, sand, and chemicals are pumped underground to break rock surfaces and release gas. This is dangerous because the waste fluids can pose a threat underground or on earth's surface.
  13. Anthropogenic Greenhouse Effect
    Man made Greenhouse effect. Humans cause greenhouse gassed to be released into the atmosphere, which thickens the atmosphere and traps heat inside the earth.
  14. Water-borne disease
    Diseases that are transmitted through drinking or bathing in water.
  15. Growing season
    A period of the year that has favourable climate conditions for plant growth in a certain area.
  16. Carbon Sink
    A resevoir where chemicals containing carbon are stored. Carbon sinks remove carbon from the atmosphere.
  17. Albedo
    The amount of solar radiation that is reflected back to space from a surface on earth.
  18. Solar radiation
    All the radiation that comes from the sun. There is a wide range of solar radiation (earth's tilt).
  19. Arable Land
    Land that is capable of growing crops. It has a fresh water supply, nutrients in the soil, and suitable climate.
  20. Greenhouse gasses
    A gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect. Ex. Carbon dioxide, Methane, etc.
  21. Convection
    The process of a fluid rising and sinking as it gets hotter and cooler.
  22. Heat Sink
    Something that removes heat from the atmosphere
  23. Drive Clean
    Ontario's mandatory vehicle emissions inspection and maintenance program which aims to reduce car emissions, reduce fuel consumption and improve people's health.
  24. Energy Star
    A US program which helps save energy from homes and appliances. "Energy Star" Homes and appliances are enviromentaly friendly.
  25. Community tree planting programs
    Program which plants trees in neighbourhoods to help the environment.
  26. Federal and/or Provincial Rebates for refitting older buildings to be more energy efficient.
    Homes program provides grants up to $5 000 to make their old homes more energy efficient.
  27. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
    An international organization of scientists who asses and reports on climate change.
  28. Changes in Glacial and Polar Ice
    Glacial Ice: Ice that is or once was a part of a glacier byt has broken off.

    Polar Ice: A region of land that is covered in ice.

    The changes: They are melting/ breaking apart due to climate change
  29. Sea Levels
    Height of the ocean's surface between high and low tides.

    Sea Levels have risen due to melting ice and cause floods.
  30. Wind Patterns
    The patterns of air movement. Can help determine the effects of climate change.
  31. Tree Rings Analysis
    The analysis of tree rings can show the changes in climate.
  32. Ice Cores Analysis
    Ice cores analysis can show records of long term temperature and atmospheric gasses
  33. Fossil Evidence of Climate Change
    Fossils of plants, rocks, etc, can tell about climate change.