Meridian Abbrev.

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princessmagonda
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156076
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Meridian Abbrev.
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2012-05-28 00:56:39
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Meridian Abbrev
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Abbreviations
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  1. ā
    before
  2. aa
    equal parts of each
  3. ABG
    arterial blood gas
  4. a.c
    before meals
  5. ADA Diet
    American Dietetic Association Diet
  6. ADL
    activities of daily living
  7. ad lib
    as desired
  8. AFB
    acid fast bacilli (germ that causes TB)
  9. AIDS
    acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  10. AKA
    above knee amputation
  11. ASAP
    against medical advice
  12. ASA
    acetylsalicyclic acid (aspirin: headache, blood thinner, any pain; given for chest pain preventing MI bc it's a blood thinner)
  13. BF
    black female
  14. BKA
    below knee amputation
  15. bl. cult.
    blood culture
  16. BM
    black male
  17. BM
    bowel movement
  18. BMR
    basal metabolic rate (The rate at which the body uses energy while at rest to keep vital functions going)
  19. BP
    blood pressure
  20. BR
    bedrest
  21. BRP
    bathroom privileges
  22. B.S.
    breath sounds
  23. BS
    blood sugar
  24. Bx
    biopsy
  25. c (with dash on top)
    with
  26. caps.
    capsules
  27. C/C; C.C.
    chief complaint
  28. cc.
    cubic centimeter
  29. cm
    centimeter
  30. WBC
    white blood count
  31. WD
    well developed
  32. WF
    white male
  33. WM
    white female
  34. WNL
    within normal limits
  35. wt.
    weight
  36. x
    times
  37. x (barre)
    except
  38. x-match
    cross-match (blood to see if it's compatible)
  39. C/O
    complaint of
  40. D/C
    discharge
  41. DOA
    dead on arrival
  42. DOB
    date of birth
  43. DOE
    dyspnea on exertion
  44. DCD
    dry sterile dressing (gauze and wound covering)
  45. dsg
    dressing (of wound)
  46. dx
    diagnosis
  47. ext.
    extension
  48. FBS
    fasting blood sugar (don't eat test for blood sugar; accurate sugar count; body produces sugar and gets it from food)
  49. fl. ext.
    fluid extract
  50. flex.
    flexion
  51. fx
    fracture
  52. Gm
    gram
  53. gr
    grain (measurement for drugs)
  54. gt
    drop (eye drop)
  55. gtt
    drops
  56. h
    hour
  57. HCT
    hematocrit (blood test; component of rbc; check for anemia; makes you short of breath and weak)
  58. H&P
    history and physical
  59. HEP
    home exercise program
  60. HEENT
    head, ears, eyes, nose, throat (dr. makes a physical and say normal or lymph node enlarge)
  61. hgb
    hemoglobin
  62. H & H
    hematocrit and hemoglobin
  63. h/o
    history of
  64. HOB
    head of bed
  65. HR
    heart rate
  66. h.s
    bedtime
  67. hx
    history
  68. I & O
    intake and output (should be balance of urine check via chart by nurse)
  69. ˃
    greater then
  70. ˂
    less than
  71. IV
    intravenous
  72. IVDA
    intravenous drug abuse (pt self injects)
  73. IVPB
  74. IVPB
    intravenous piggyback (the baggy that holds the meds)
  75. K
    potassium (assists in muscle contraction; if it's low if it's low expect patient to be weak; and it assits in heart contraction; leg cramps; prone to arrythmia: ventricular tachycardia vtack; heart can't beat in vtack else they will die)

    vtack vs vfib die with vfib
  76. KCl
    potassium chloride (a medicine to treat hypocholemia which is low K; never injected pure must dilate it)
  77. Kg
    kilogram
  78. KUB
    kidney, uriter, bladder
  79. KVO
    keep vein open (keep IV fluids continuous to piggyback any med right away) usually main line is no med just saline sol if dehydrated then u can piggy back an antibiotic
  80. L
    left
  81. lab.
    laboratory
  82. lb
    pound
  83. LT
    levine tube (a kind of tube for the nose for suction or feeding)
  84. lytes
    electrolytes (dehydration, Na, K for arrythmia, Cl, CO2),
  85. LOB
    loss of balance
  86. M
    male
  87. mcg
    microgram
  88. med
    medicine
  89. mEq
    milliequivalent
  90. mg
    milligram
  91. ml
    milliliter
  92. MMT
    manual muscle test
  93. MOM
    milk of magnesia (to make you poop)
  94. N & V
    nausea and vomiting
  95. Na
    sodium
  96. NaHCO3
    sodium bicarbonate (alkaline still needed for proper gas exchange)
  97. neg; "-"
    negative
  98. NG tube
    naso-gastric tube (inserted through nose to stomach; use for feednig or lavage)
  99. NKA
    no known allergies
  100. noct
    nocturnal (night)
  101. NOP
    nothing by mouth
  102. NSR
    normal sinous rhthym (of heart)
  103. NSS
    normal saline solution (in thebig bag)
  104. O2
    oxygen
  105. OOB
    out of bed
  106. OR
    operating room
  107. p (barre)
    after
  108. p.c
    after meals
  109. PE
    physical exam
  110. PERLA
    pupila equal and reactive to light and accommodation
  111. pH
    hydrogen ion concentration (normal blood O2 and CO2)
  112. PMhx
    past medical history
  113. p.o
    by mouth
  114. Posl "+"
    positive
  115. Post-op
    after surgery
  116. Pre-op
    before surgery
  117. prep
    prepare for
  118. prn
    when required
  119. PROM
    passive range of motion
  120. PTA
    prior to admission
  121. PTA
    physical therapy assistant
  122. pt
    patient
  123. PT
    physical therapy
  124. q
    every
  125. q.h.
    every hour
  126. q. #h.
    every (number) of hours
  127. q.n; q.h.s.
    every night
  128. q.n.s
    quanity not sufficient
  129. q.s
    quanitity sufficient
  130. R
    right
  131. RBC
    red blood count
  132. R/O
    rule out
  133. ROM
    Range of motion
  134. rx
    treatment or prescription
  135. s (barre)
    without
  136. S.C
    subcutaneous (injection goes throught it)
  137. s. l.
    under the tongue
  138. SLR
    straight leg raise
  139. SOB
    shortness of breath
  140. sol
    solution
  141. sp. GR.
    specific gravity (urine)
  142. ss
    a half
  143. SSE; s enema
    soapsuds enema (mix soap with water put in bag and put in butt to clean it out)
  144. Staph.
    staphyloccocus
  145. STAT
    immediate and once only
  146. supp
    suppository (put in butt to make you poop, or to give med)
  147. sx
    symptoms
  148. T &C
    type and cross match (to see if blood tranfusion is compatible)
  149. tab.
    tablet
  150. tbsp.
    tablespoon
  151. temp.
    temperature
  152. TPN
    total prenatal nutrition
  153. TPR
    temperature and respiration
  154. tr.
    tincture (meds)
  155. tsp.
    teaspoon
  156. UA
    urinalysis
  157. U/O
    urinary output (how much did they pee)
  158. URI
    upper respiratory tract infection (coughing; ) ect bronchitis
  159. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  160. vag.
    vagina or vaginal
  161. Vit.
    vitamin
  162. V.O
    verbal order
  163. V/S
    vital signs

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