Card Set Information
Native people had a difficult time with non native people in the last_____years
They signed agreements called a treaty, which was done to accomplish 2 goals.
1. Maintain economic base
2. The right to control their own affairs
What is a decription of first nation people
A native group in which the members share a common culture and history
They wish to be treated as a distinct group on this basis
For legal purposes, the federal goverment divides natives into three groups, what are they?
What is a description of Indians?
Status Indians(covered by the treaties) and non status Indians
What is a decription for inuit
there is none
People of mixed aboriginal and european decent
When were the metus people dicovered
THE TREATY MAKING PROCESS
new sun title
How far do treaties date back till?
At one time the natives provided more to new comers, who were they and after more started to come, what happened?
They were Europeans, after a lot more began to come, The british goverment decided that they wanted to start taking more control
What did the british goverment do?
They offered money, an area of land called a reserve and goods in exchange for land
When did the British Royal Proclaimation happen?
What was established?
That two important values were to be applied when treaties were nagotiated
What were the important values?
1. Land ownership rights of the first nation must be respected.
2. If a first nation did choose to give up land, they should recieve a fair amount of money
**often not the case
In what year did things started to be traded, and what were they and what were they being traded for?
1780-1886, they were small parcels of land were being traded for one time payment, clothing or blankets.
when did bigger trades start happening and what were they?
In 1850,, larger areas of land were being traded for reserves, money, promises of yearly payments, hunting and fishing rights over vacant goverment owned land
What soon happened
The goverment wanted more land to expand the railroad west
THE Indian ACT of:
What kept happening in 1876
Goverment signed treaties with more native groups requirring them to give up land claims and move to more reserves.
What did the goverment decide
They decided who the Indians were and that only status indians had the right to reserved land.
When was the year that the last unsurredure land was given over, where was it and what was the result?
It was in 1923, and it was in Southern Ontario, as a resuld the treaty making process came to an end.
What did the natives feel
there were differences in what natives though they were signing for than what the natives actually got.
What is a status Indian?
A first nation who is registered with the department of Indian and Northern affairs by being band members on a reserve
What is the band?
The decision making organization according to the indian act
how was the band different from the first nations
they were different from the first nations own decisions making unit
What happened if you left the reserve?
YOU LOST YOUR LAND!!!
What were the Metus and non status indians not included in
the treaty making process
Goverments made decisions on behalf on native, what does this mean
How reserve lands were to be used.