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  1. What was the destination of the Lewis and Clark Expedition?
    Pacific Ocean
  2. What river did the Lewis and Clark Expedition begin on?
    Mississippi River
  3. How much did the Louisiana Purchase cost?
    $15 million
  4. What did the Louisiana Purchase do to the size of the country?
    It doubled the size of the U.S.
  5. Who wrote the poem that in 1931 became the national anthem of the United States?
    Francis Scott Key
  6. Who was the American commander that won an important naval victory against a British force on Lake Erie during he War of 1812?
    Oliver Hazard Perry
  7. 7. What treaty ended the War of 1812?
    Treaty of Ghent
  8. What invention did Samuel F. B. Morse create, and what was its effect?
    A telegraph, brought more national unity.
  9. What idea of Eli Whitney transformed manufacturing by making each copy of a manufactured item exactly alike?
    Interchangeable Parts
  10. Where were most of the nation's early factories built?
    New England
  11. What was the Missouri Compromise?
    It kept the balance of power in the Senate between the slave states and free states.
  12. What was the overall effect of the Supreme Court's ruling in McCulloch v. Maryland and Gibbons v. Ogden?
    It strengthened the federal government.
  13. How did the War of 1812 encourage the growth of U.S. manufacturing?
    The Americans were forced to make many of the goods they had previously imported.
  14. What was the name for the journey made by the Cerokee after they were removed from their lands by force?
    Trail of Tears
  15. What issue did Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne argue in the Webster-Hayne debate?
    Over the doctrine of nullification.
  16. Which Southerner leader did the Tariff of Abominations lead to publicly support the doctrine of nullification?
    John C. Calhoun
  17. What was Andrew Jackson's practice of rewarding his political backers known as?
    The Spoils System
  18. What theory presents a view of the nation and the Constitution that is closest to the doctrine of nullification?
    State's Rights
  19. Why did Northeasteners oppose Jackson's easy credit policies for land sales?
  20. Who commanded the Texas Army and was president of the Texas Republic?
    Sam Houston
  21. What nickname did Texans adopt for Texas after they declared it to be an independent nation?
    Lone Star Republic
  22. Whose discovery set off the California gold rush?
    James Marshall who found gold in a canal nearby American River.
  23. What agreement marked the end of the War with Mexico?
    The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  24. What two trails used the south pass?
    Oregon Trail and California Trail.
  25. Omit
  26. What did the women working in Lowell Mills form in 1836 to seek better working conditions?
    A labor union
  27. Which transcendentalist recommended nonviolent civil disobedience to express opposition to a law?
    Henry David Thoreau
  28. Which abolitionist speaker and former slave also spoke out for women's suffrage?
    Sojourner Truth
  29. What movement did many Americans, especially women, join to defeat alcohol abuse?
    Temperance Movement
  30. From what European country did a large number of skilled immigrants come to settle in Texas?
  31. Who captured the U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry?
    John Brown
  32. What is a statement of a political party's beliefs called?
  33. Which bill settled the controversy over slavey in California and in the rest of the Mexican Cession?
    Missouri Compromise of 1850
  34. Whom did the Confederate States of America select as president after suceeding from the Union?
    Jefferson Davis
  35. Whose lawsuit to gain freedom was denied in a landmark Supreme Court decision?
    Dred Scott(slave)
  36. How did the Supreme Court add to the tensions over slavery in the 1850's?
    • 1) Ruled that slavery could not be illegally banned in any territory.
    • 2) Bill of rights protected slavery.
    • 3) Refused to grant freedom to a slave.
  37. The Civil War began when Southern forces attacked U.S. troops at what place?
    Fort Sumter
  38. Who commanded the Union forces at Shiloh, Tennessee, and was criticized after that battle for the high number of casualties dullards by the army?
    Ulysses S. Grant
  39. Which talented military officer resigned from the U.S. Army and became commanding general of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia?
    Robert E. Lee
  40. What did the North call its strategy to defeat the South by forming a naval blockade and by capturing the Mississippi River?
    Anaconda Plan
  41. The capture of what city advanced the Union's goal of dividing the Confederacy in two?
    New Orleans
  42. On what did the South's strategy to win foreign support depend?
    King Cotton
  43. What change in military technology most affected the average soldier and increased the casualty rate?
    Minie Ball and Rifle
  44. What important Union city would have been surrounded by the Confederacy if Maryland had seceded?
    Washington D.C.
  45. Which cautious Union commander failed to capture the Confederate capital if Richmond and was fired by Lincoln as a result?
    George McClellen
  46. Union forces stopped a Confederate invasion of the North at which battle, the bloodiest one-day battle in American history?
    Battle of Antietam
  47. Which battle was considered the turning point of the Civil War?
  48. Why did Lincoln's Emancipation free slaves only in the South?
    He believed he had the authority to free the slaves only in the rebellious states.
  49. What inspired African Americans to enlist in the Union army?
    Emancipation Proclamation
  50. Why did the 13th amendment do?
    Banned and involuntary servitude in the United States.
  51. What was the 54th Massachusetts Regiment?
    African American regiment that fought for Union in Civil War.
  52. Who founded a relief agency that later became the Red Cross?
    Clara Barton
  53. How did the U.S. government raise money to fight the war?
    Income tax
  54. Why significant event occurred at Appomattox Court House?
    The surrender of General Robert E. Lee.
  55. What gave African Americans full citizenship?
    14th Amendment
  56. What did the Compromise of 1877 do?
    Resolved the 1876 election dispute; Hayes removed last federal troops from the South.
  57. What agency operated schools to educate former slaves?
    Freedmen's Bureau
  58. What did the 15th amendment do?
    Said that all citizens had equal rights. Gave African American males the right to vote.
  59. What did the Radical Republicans do to protect African American rights?
    Proposed 14th and 15th Amendment.
  60. Which president took action against the Ku Klux Klan?
    General Ulysses S. Grant
  61. What were "black codes"?
    A law passed by Southern states that limited freedom of former slaves.
  62. Who was the Republican candidate for president in 1876?
    Rutherford B. Hayes
  63. What is a tariff?
    A tax on imported goods.
  64. What is sectionalism?
    People putting the interests of their own region ahead of all country's.
  65. How were the lives of slaves and free blacks similar?
    • 1) They were both discriminated.
    • 2) Were denied civil and political rights.
    • 3) Often denied access to a good education.
  66. Why was slavery important to the southern economy?
    Because they owned plantations and needed help with the crops, etc. (agriculture)
  67. What is a cash crop?
    A crop grown by a farmer to be sold for money rather than for personal use.
  68. What was the Seneca Falls convention and why was it important?
    A women's right convention. It was for women's rights and how men and women are created equal.
  69. In what ways did Fredrick Douglass try to end slavery?
    By publishing an autobiography and publishing an antislavery newspaper.
  70. What important abolitionist book did southerners say portrayed slavery unfairly, and who wrote it?
    Uncle Tom's Cabin: by Harriet Beecher Stowe.
  71. Who was an abolitionist that published his own anti-slavery newspaper?
    Fredrick Douglass
Card Set
History review for May 27, 2012. 8th grade.
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