MedTerm Sec 9

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MedTerm Sec 9
2012-05-29 16:06:03
Medical Terminology Whatcom Community College

Medical Terminology Whatcom Community College
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  1. a-
    without absence of
  2. dia-
  3. endo-
  4. epi-
    upon, over, above, on top
  5. eu-
    normal, good
  6. neo-
  7. pan-
    all, entire
  8. poly-
  9. alveol/o
    air sac, alveolus
  10. atel/o
  11. bronch/o
    airway, bronchus
  12. con/i
  13. cyst/o
    sac, bladder
  14. fibr/o
  15. glott/o
    opening into the windpipe
  16. hem/o
  17. laryng/o
    voice box, larynx
  18. lob/o
    a rounded part, lobe
  19. orth/o
  20. muc/o
  21. nas/o
  22. ox/i
  23. pharyng/o
    throat, pharynx
  24. phragm/o
  25. pleur/o
    rib, pleura
  26. pneum/o
    air, lung
  27. pulmon/o
  28. py/o
  29. rhin/o
  30. sept/o
    wall, partition
  31. sinus/o
  32. somn/o
  33. spir/o
    to breathe
  34. sten/o
    narrowing, constriction
  35. thorac/o
    chest, thorax
  36. tonsill/o
    almond, tonsil
  37. trache/o
    windpipe, trachea
  38. tubercul/o
    little mass or swelling
  39. -algia
  40. -ar
    pertaining to
  41. -capnia
    condition of carbon dioxide
  42. -cele
    hernia, swelling, protrusion
  43. -centesis
    puncture to aspirate, or remove, fluids
  44. -eal
    pertaining to
  45. -ectasis
    expansion, dilation
  46. -emia
    condition of blood
  47. -metry
  48. -osis
    condition of
  49. -oxia
  50. -pexy
    surgical fixation, suspension
  51. -phonia
    condition of sound or voice
  52. -plasm
    something shaped
  53. -pnea
  54. -ptysis
    to cough up
  55. -rrjagoa
    bleeding, hemorrhage
  56. -rrhea
    excessive discharge (of fluid)
  57. -spasm
    sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
  58. -stomy
    surgical creation of an opening
  59. -otomy
    cutting into, incision
  60. alveol
    air sac
  61. bronch
  62. glott
    opening of the windpipe
  63. laryng
  64. nas
  65. phragm
  66. pharyng
  67. pleur
  68. spir
    to breathe
  69. trache
  70. oncologist
    physician who treats cancer, including cancer of the lung
  71. acapnia
    abscence of carbon dioxide
  72. anoxia
    absence of oxygen
  73. aphonia
    absence of voice
  74. apnea
    inability to breathe
  75. bradypnea
    slow breathing
  76. bronchospasm
    narrowing of the airway caused by contraction of smooth muscles in the walls of the bronchioles
  77. cheyne-stokes respiration
    pattern of breathing marked by a gradual increase of deep breathing followed by shallow breathing that leads to apnea
  78. dysphonia
    hoarseness of the voice
  79. dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  80. epistaxis
  81. eupnea
    normal breathing
  82. hemoptysis
    coughing up and spitting out blood originating from the lungs
  83. hemothorax
    blood in the pleural cavity
  84. hypercapnia
    excessive carbon dioxide in the blood
  85. hyperpnea
    deep breathing
  86. hyperventilation
    excessive movement of air in and out of the lungs
  87. hypopnea
    shallow breathing
  88. hypoventilation
    breathing rhythm that fails to meet the body's gas exchange demands
  89. hypoxemia
    deficient levels of oxygen in the blood
  90. hypoxia
    deficient levels of oxygen in tissues throughout the body
  91. laryngospasm
    spasmodic closure of the glottis
  92. orthopnea
    ability to breathe is limited to an upright position
  93. paroxysm
    sudden sharp pain or convulsion
  94. rhinorrhagia
    rapid flow of blood from the nose, also called epistaxis
  95. rhinorrhea
    fluid discharge from the nose
  96. sputum
    expectorated matter, usually containing mucus and sometimes pus
  97. tachypnea
    rapid breathing
  98. thoracalgia
    pain in the chest region
  99. asphyxia
    absence of respiratory ventilation, or suffocation
  100. asthma
    condition of lungs characterized by widespread narrowing of the bronchioles and formation of mucus plugs, producing symptoms of wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing
  101. atelectasis
    absence of gas in the lungs due to a failure of alveolar expansion, also called collapsed lung
  102. bronchiectasis
    dilation of the bronchi
  103. bronchitis
    inflammation of the bronchi
  104. bronchogenic carcinoma
    cancer originating in the bronchi
  105. bronchopneumonia
    acute inflammation of the smaller bronchial tubes, bronchiloes, and alveoli
  106. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    group of disorders associated with the obstruction of bronchial airflow, usually as a result of inhaling tobacco products
  107. coccidioidomycosis
    fungal infection of upper respiratory tract and lungs that often spreads to otehr organs, ie valley fever
  108. cor pulmonale
    disease of the hert that is caused by a chronic lung disease, such as emphysema
  109. coryza
    viral common head cold
  110. croup
    disease of infants and young children, caused by acute obstruction of the larynx and characterized by a hoarse cough
  111. cystic fibrosis
    hereditary disease characterized by excess mucus production in the respiratory tract and elesewhere
  112. deviated deptum
    nasal septum dividing the two nasal cavities is not median, creating one cavity that is larger than the other
  113. diaphragmatocele
    hernia of the diaphragm
  114. emphysema
    chronic lung disease characterized by enlarged alveoli and damaged respiratory membrane; its symptoms include apnea, a barrel chest due to labored breathing, and gradual deterioration due to chronic hypoxemia
  115. epiglottitis
    inflammation of the epiglottis
  116. insomnia
    inability to sleep
  117. laryngitis
    inflammation of the larynx
  118. laryngotracheobronchitis
    • chronic inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi
    • croup in children
  119. legionellosis
    form of pneumonia caused by the bacterium legionella pneumophila
  120. nasopharyngitis
    inflammation of the nose and pharynx
  121. obstructive sleep apnea
    collapse of the pharynx during sleep, resulting in airway obstruction and the absence of breathing
  122. pansinusitis
    inflammation of all paranasal sinuses on one or both sides of the face
  123. pertussis
    • acute infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi that produces spasmodic coughing,
    • whooping cough
  124. pharyngitis
    inflammation of the pharynx
  125. pleural effusion
    escape of fluid into the pleural cavity during inflammation
  126. pleuritis
    inflammation of the pleura, pleurisy
  127. pneumatocele
    hernia of the lung, in which the lung protrudes through an opening in the chest
  128. pneumoconiosis
    • inflammation of the lungs caused by the chronic inhalation of fine particles, which leads to the formation of fibrotic tissue around the alveoli that reduces their ability to stretch with incoming air
    • ie asbestosis and silicosis
  129. pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
    pneumonia caused by the fungus P. carinii that is a common opportunistic disease in patients with AIDS
  130. pneumonia
    inflammation of the soft lung tissue caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal infection, in which the alveoli become filled with fluids
  131. pneumonitis
    inflammation of the lungs, independent of a particular cause
  132. pneumothorax
    presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity
  133. pulmonary edema
    accumulation of fluid in the alveoli and bronchioles
  134. pulmonary embolism
    blockage in the pulmonary circulation caused by a moving blood clot
  135. pulmonary neoplasm
    tumor of the lung
  136. pulmonary tuberculosis
    infection of lungs by the bacterium M. tuberculosis
  137. pyothorax
    • condition of pus in the pleural cavity
    • empyema
  138. respiratory distress syndrome
    respiratory failure characterized by atelectasis
  139. rhinitis
    inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane
  140. rhinomycosis
    fungal infection of the nasal mucous membrane
  141. sinusitis
    inflammation of the sinus mucous membranes
  142. severe acute respiratory syndrome
    severe, rapidly onset viral infection resulting in respiratory distress that includes lung inflammation, alveolar damage, and atelectasis; abbreviated SARS
  143. Tonsillitis
    inflammation of a tonsil, usually a palatine tonsil
  144. tracheitis
    inflammation of the trachea
  145. tracheostenosis
    narrowing of the trachea
  146. upper respiratory infection
    infection of the upper respiratory tract
  147. adenoidectomy
    excision of a swollen pharyngeal tonsil, known as an adenoid
  148. antihistamine
    therapeutic drug that inhibits the effects of histamines, which are compounds released by cells that cause bronchial constriction and blood vessel dilation
  149. arterial blood gases
    clinical test on arterial blood to identify the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide
  150. aspiration
    removal of fluid with suction
  151. auscultation
    physical examination that listens to sounds within the body, often with the aid of a stethoscope
  152. cronchodilation
    use of bronchodilating agen in inhaler to reduce constriction
  153. bronchogram
    x-ray of bronchi
  154. bronchography
    procedure of obtaining an x-ray of bronchi
  155. bronchoplasty
    surgical repair of a bronchus
  156. bronchoscopy
    bronchi are examined with a bronchoscope, a modified type of endoscope
  157. endoscopy
    visual exam of body space with flexible tube equipped with camera
  158. endotracheal intubation
    insertion of a tube into trachea via nose or mouth to open the airway
  159. expectorant
    drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing to remove the mucus
  160. incentive spirometry
    postoperative breathing therapy in which a portable spirometer is used by a patient to encourage lung exercise, reducing pulmonary complication
  161. laryngectomy
    surgical removalor excision of the larynx
  162. laryngocentesis
    surgical puncture and aspiration of fluid from the larynx
  163. laryngoplasty
    surgical repair of the larynx
  164. laryngoscopy
    procedure that examines the larynx with a laryngoscope
  165. laryngostomy
    surgical creation of an opening into the larynx
  166. laryngotracheotomy
    incision into the larynx and trachea
  167. lobectomy
    excision of a section or lobe of a lung
  168. magnetic resonance imaging
    noninvasive diagnostic imaging of the body with the use of magnetic fields and computer imaging equipment
  169. mechanical ventilation
    technique used by a respiratory therapist or EMT to provide assisted breathing using a ventilator, pushing air into patient's airway
  170. nebulizer
    device used to convert a liquid medication into a mist and deliver it to the lungs with the aid of deep inhalation
  171. oximetry
    measurement of oxygen levels in blood with oximeter
  172. pleurocentesis
    surgical puncture and aspiration of fluid from the pleural cavity
  173. pneumobronchotomy
    incision of the lung and bronchus
  174. pneumonectomy
    excision of a lung
  175. pulmonary angiography
    x-ray of blood vessels of the lungs following injection of a contrast medium
  176. pulmonary function test
    diagnostic test to determine cause of lung disease by evaluating capacity through tidal volume and vital capacity
  177. pulmonary specialist
    physician specializing in the treatment of lung disease
  178. resuscitation
    artificial respiration used to restore breathing
  179. rhinoplasty
    surgical repair of nose
  180. septoplasty
    surgical repair of nasal septum
  181. septotomy
    incision of nasal septum
  182. sinusotomy
    incision of a paranasal sinus
  183. spirometry
    procedure measuring breathing volumes
  184. spirometer
    instrument used to measure breathing volume
  185. stethoscope
    diagnostic instrument used to hear sounds in body such as breathing
  186. thoracocentesis
    surgical puncture into chest cavity to aspirate fluid
  187. thoracoscopy
    examination of thoracic cavity using thoracoscope
  188. thoracostomy
    surgical puncture into chest cavity, usually for insertion of a tube
  189. thoracotomy
    incision into the chest
  190. tonsillectomy
    excision of one or more tonsils, usually palatine
  191. tracheotomy
    incision into the trachea
  192. tracheoplasty
    surgical repair of the trachea
  193. tracheostomy
    surgical creation of an opening into the trachea for inserting a tube
  194. ventilation-perfusion scanning
    diagnostic tool of nuclear medicine in evaluating pulmonary function