CPE 2

Card Set Information

Author:
lynnsy
ID:
156209
Filename:
CPE 2
Updated:
2012-05-29 03:07:08
Tags:
pre clin CPE
Folders:

Description:
CPE 2
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user lynnsy on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. PSI of an E-Tank
    2000-2200 psi
  2. Conversion of psi to liters
    psi x 0.3 = L of O2
  3. AMBU bag used for? how to hook up?
    • ventilate pt with O2 (during CPCR)
    • O2 goes to small hole in rear, large to pt
  4. 4 Methods of Urine Collection
    • Free catch
    • Manual Expression
    • Catheterization
    • Cystocentesis
  5. Caths. How to? and Types
    • has to remain sterile, use gloves
    • Tom Cat Cath
    • Red Rubber Cath
    • Polypropylene cath
    • Foley Cath
    • Metal Bitch Cath
  6. Cysto How to? needle?
    • last 2 sets of nipples imaginary x
    • 22ga needle about 1-1.5inch
  7. Non-protein nitrogenous wates and thier normals
    • BUN - Dog 7-27mg/dl / Cat 16-36 mg/dl
    • Creatinine - Dog 0.5-1.8mg/dl / Cat 0.8-2.4mg/dl
  8. Tests used to classify azotemia
    • BUN Creat USG
    • Pre - ^ ^ ^
    • Prim - ^ ^ fixed
    • Post - ^ ^ ^
  9. Fixed USG and meaning
    • 1.008 - 1.012
    • means 2/3 - 3/4 of nephrons are non functional
  10. 4 Parts of U/A
    • Macroscopic
    • Microscopic
    • USG
    • Urine Chems
  11. Macroscopic Eval note these
    • Color
    • Odor
    • Foam & Sediment
  12. Mircoscopic Eval precedures
    • 5-10ml in conical tube or 1-1.5ml in bullt
    • 1500rpm for 3-5mins
    • pour off supernatant
    • Re-suspend sediment onto slide
    • 10xlow light - condenser down
    • Final on 40x
    • check 10 fields min
  13. USG evals?
    Renal tubular function, how well they respond to ADH
  14. Glucose Renal Threshold
    • Dogs - 160-180mg/dl
    • Cats - 280-300mg/dl
  15. PSS =
    Portosystemic Shunt
  16. Stone causes
    • Inc concentration
    • Adequate pH
    • Adequate time
    • +/- Nidus
  17. Pop off Valve
    • aka Positive Pressure Relief Valve
    • direscts air to scavenge
    • prevents pressure build up
    • Closed to - check for leaks , vent pt
  18. Ventilate pt for 2 reasons
    • Decrease excess CO2
    • Prevent atelectasis
  19. Pressure Manometer
    • measured in cmH2O
    • measures pressure of gases within pt breathing system
    • dont exceed 20cm H2O
  20. CO2 absorbing canister
    • contains soda lime granules
    • Expired = turn blue color , extremely hard and brittle
  21. Negative pressure relief valve
    safety valve for animal to breath room air if system not on
  22. Scavenge types / info
    • Active sustem : machine exits room
    • Passive : filled with charcoal, 12hrs or 50grams gained, CO2 exits
  23. Oxygen flush valve
    Delivers 100% O2 to res bag
  24. Oxygen flow meter
    • set flow rate to pt
    • never less than 500ml/min
  25. Res bag allows for?
    • Storage of gases in system
    • watch respirations
    • positive pressure ventilation
  26. Oxygen Pressure Regulator
    reduces pressure to constant pressure of 45-50 psi
  27. Fluids
    • 10ml/kg/hr = surgical
    • Double is hypotension
    • 30ml/kg/24hr = maintenance
  28. Res bag Calculations
    • 60ml/kg = ml
    • convert to L
  29. Calculate Oxygen flow rate
    • > 7kg = 30 x kg = cc O2/min
    • < 7kg = 200 x kg = cc O2/min
  30. Tidal Volume formula
    10-15ml x kg = low and high range ml
  31. Classifications for surgery
    • Class 1 - elective surgeries - 6months to 6yrs
    • Class 2 - Brachycephalics simple fx, mild obesity
    • Class 3- not showing clinical signs
    • Class 4 - poor- ourward symptoms of dz
    • Class 5 - will die with ro without sx
  32. Doppler
    • Systolic BP - 100-160mmHg
    • Pulse Rate - Dogs 60-160bpm / Cats 120-240bpm / Horses 30-40bpm
  33. Pulse Ox
    • Measyres O2 Saturation on hemoglobin
    • on non pigmented skin
    • SaO2 - >95%
    • Pulse Rate
  34. Capnograph (3)
    • ET CO2 - 35-45mmHg
    • Respiratory rate - 8-20rpm
    • Inspiratory rate - 0-5mmHg
  35. ECG
    • Heart rate
    • Heart rhythm
  36. Atropine (Anticholinergic)
    cant be used in tachycardic pts
  37. Naloxone HCl
    Narcan - reversal for opiods
  38. Epinephrine
    Inc HR and force of contractions
  39. Doxypram
    Dopram - stimulates res system and CNS
  40. Yohimbine
    alpha 2 antagonist reversal for sedatives (rompun/xylazine)
  41. Ephedrine
    postive inotropic drug
  42. induction and maintenance %'s
    • Iso/Halo - 2.5% / 1.5%
    • Sevo - 3-5% / 3-4%
  43. Know if hung correctly you fool
  44. Five body cavities
    • Thorax
    • Abdomen
    • spine
    • pelvis
    • skull
  45. Table top or bucky?
    >10cm = bucky
  46. Object Densities (low to high) Radiographic (high to low)
    Air, fat, tissues of water density, bone, enamel/metal
  47. Contrast types
    • Short scale = harsh black to white
    • Long scale = shades of grey int here
  48. FFD
    Table top - 40inches
  49. Radio Lucent / opaque?
    Black / white
  50. Dark = Decrease / Light = Increase
    • Doubly = mAs 50%, kVp 15%
    • Half Doubly = mAs 30% , kVp 10%
    • Quarter Doubly = 2-3 kVp
  51. kVp Ranges
    • Thoracic Cavity 75-95
    • Abdomen 65-85
    • Pelvis 55-75
    • Extremities 55-65
  52. Thorax Li/La
    • Limits -
    • Cranial: Thoracic inlet
    • Caudal: Diaphragm
    • Dorsal: Thoracic Vertebrae
    • Ventral: Sternum
    • Landmarks -
    • Cranial: Manubrium
    • Caudal: Xiphoid Process
    • Dorsal: Dorsal spinous process
    • Ventral: Sternum
  53. Abdomen Li/La
    • Limits -
    • Cranial: diaphragm
    • Caudal: pelvis inlet
    • Dorsal: lumbar vertebrae
    • Ventral: linea alba
    • Landmarks -
    • Cranial: xiphoid process
    • Caudal: iliac crest / wings of ilium
    • Dorsal: dorsal spinous process
    • Ventral: belly wall
  54. Whole Body Li/La
    • Limits -
    • Cranial: Thoracic inlet
    • Caudal: pelvic inlet
    • Dorsal: spine
    • Ventral: belly wall
    • Landmarks -
    • Cranial: Manubrium
    • Caudal: wing of ilium
    • Dorsal: dorsal spinous process
    • Ventral:belly wall
  55. Pelvis Li/La
    • Limits -
    • Cranial: Pelvic inlet
    • Caudal: Ischiatic tuberosity

    • Landmarks -
    • Cranial: iliac crest
    • Caudal: Ischiatic Turberostiy (Tuber Ischii)
  56. Cervical Spine , Thoracic Spine , Lumbar Spine Limits
    Limits - C1-C7 / T1-T13 / L1-L7
  57. T/L Junction Li/La
    • Limits -
    • Cranial: T11
    • Caudal: L2

    • Landmarks -
    • Cranial: from 10th rib
    • Caudal: L3
  58. Developing time / temp
    • 3mins at 68 degrees
    • inc by 30s for each degree above
  59. Fixing time
    2x development time
  60. TPLO
    FHO
    THR
    TPO
    • Triple Plateau leveling osteotomy
    • Femoral head osteotomy
    • Total hip replacement
    • Triple Pelvic Osteotomy
  61. Collimator
    wide open 17inch by 17inch (lead shutter beam limiting device)
  62. Ultrasound
    • B mode - Brightness mode
    • M mode - motion mode
  63. Horse Normals / Spine / Dental / Gestation / stuff
    • Temp 99-101F
    • Pulse 30-40bpm
    • Respiration 10-20rpm
    • C7 T18 L6 S5 CaCy 15-21
    • 2(I 3/3 , C 0-1/0-1 , PM 3-4/3 M 3-3) = 36-42
    • Gesgation = 11months
    • Large Colon -
    • RightVentral Colon
    • Sternal Flexure
    • Left Ventral Colon
    • Pelvic Flexure
    • Left Dorsal Colon
    • Diaphragmatic flexure
    • Right dorsal colon
  64. Cow Normals / Spine / Dentals
    • 99.5-103F
    • 70-90 bpm
    • 12-16 rpm
    • C7 T13 L6 S5 CaCy18-20
    • 2(I 0/4 , C 0/0 , PM 3/3 , M 3/3) = 32
  65. Rumen Stomach
    • Reticulum - honeycomb / hardware dz
    • Rumen - Largest, fermentation vat
    • Omasum - Book or cannon ball
    • Abomasum - true stomach
    • Joints -
    • Scapulohumeral jt (Shoulder)
    • Humeroradioulnar jt (Elbow)
    • Carpus (Knee)
    • Metacarpophalangeal jt (Fetlock)
    • Proximal Interphalangeal jt ( Pastern)
    • Distal interphalangeal jt (Cannon)
    • Bones -
    • Humerus
    • Radiues ulna fused
    • Metacarpal 2 (medial splint)
    • Metacarpal 3 (Cannon Bone)
    • Metacarpal 4 (Lateral Splint)
    • Proximal Sesmoid bones (2)
    • Long Pastern (P1)
    • Short Pastern (P2)
    • Coffin Bone (P3)
    • Distal sesamoid bone aka Navicular bone
    • Processes -
    • Olecranon (on ulna)
    • Accessory Carpal Bone (always lateral)
    • Joints -
    • Coxofemoral jt (Hip)
    • Femorotibial jt (Stifle)
    • Tarsus (Hock)
    • Metatarsophalangeal jt (Fetlock)
    • Proximal interphalangeal jt (Pastern)
    • Distal interphalangeal jt (Coffin)
    • Bones -
    • Femur
    • Tibia
    • Metatarsal 2 (medial)
    • Metatarsal 3 (Cannon bone)
    • Metatarsal 4 (Lateral)
    • Proximal phalanx, P1 (Long pastern)
    • Middle Phalanx, P2 (Short Pastern)
    • Distal Phalanx P3 (Coffin bone)
    • Processes-
    • Calcaneal Tuberosity
  66. KNow points on horse
    • Poll
    • Zygomatic arch
    • Facial crest
    • Rumo or croop
    • withers
    • Flank
  67. Arteries on horse
    • Transverse Facial Artery
    • Submandibular Artery
    • Dorsal Lateral metatarsal Artery
  68. IM for Horse
    • Semimembranosus and semitendinosus
    • Gluteal
  69. Neck triangle for horse IM
    • Dorsal: Nuchal ligament
    • Ventral: Cervical spine
    • Caudal: Scapula
  70. Strongulus vulgaris
    Blood worm
  71. Oxyuris equi
    pinworm (scotch tape prep)
  72. Habronema spp
    Summer sores
  73. Drugs for Horse
    • Sedatives - Rompun - xylazine , Demordedon - Detomidine
    • Analgesics - Butorphanol - Torbugesic , Demoral
  74. Uses of drugs
    Diagnosis, Tx , Cure, Prevention of dz
  75. TI =
    • Therapeutic Index = lethal dose 50 / effective dose 50
    • must be 4 or higher
  76. Ordering a Schedule 2 drugs need
    DEA 222 form and Vet license
  77. Insulin U100 means
    100 units of insulin / ml
  78. Types of insulin
    • Regular = emergency only, quick
    • Lente = dogs
    • ultra lente = cats , slowest
  79. Converstions
    1 tsp = ml
    1 Tbs = ml
    1 oz = ml
    1gr = ml
    1ml = gtt
    1gal = oz
    • 1 tsp = 5ml
    • 1 Tbs = 15ml
    • 1 oz = 30ml
    • 1gr = 60 ml
    • 1ml = 15gtt
    • 1gal = 128 oz
  80. ABCD of CPCR
    • Airway
    • Breathing
    • Cardiac Compression
    • Drugs
  81. ECG Leads
    • White - Right Axillary
    • Green - Right inguinal
    • Black - Left Axillary
    • Red - Left inguinal
    • Tan/brown - Chest
  82. Ventrical Asystole
    • Flat line
    • CPCR, Epinephrine , Atropine
  83. Sinus Arrhythmia
    Normal in dogs if under anesthesia: inc gas
  84. Sinus Bradycardia
    • Tx: Atropine
    • under 70bpm
  85. Sinus Tachycardia
    Tx with addressing underlying cause
  86. Ventricular Fibrillation
    • Defibrillation
    • bunch of zigzags accros paper up and down
  87. V Tach
    • 3 VPC's ina row or more
    • Tx with lidocaine drip
  88. VPC
    can turn into V tach
  89. 1st 2nd 3rd degree AV block
    • 2nd normal in horses, use anticholinergic
    • 3rd pacemaker
  90. Atrial Fibrillation
    tx: Digoxin
  91. 50mm per second tape =
    25mm per second tape =
    • x by 20 in 2 boxes
    • x by 10 in 2 boxes
  92. Systolic murmur
    Diastolic murmur
    • lub-shhh-dub
    • lub-dub-shhh
  93. 3 ways heart compensates
    • inc HR
    • Hypertrophy
    • Dialate chambers
  94. Normal sulcus depths
    • Cats 0-1mm
    • dogs 1-3mm
  95. Buccal
    Labial
    Lingual
    Palatal
    Mesial
    Distal
    Occlusal
    • surface in contact with cheek
    • surface in contact with lips
    • surface in contact with tongue
    • the surface of tooth that comes in contact with the palate
    • surface of tooth closest to midline
    • surface of tooth farthest from midline
    • the surface in contact with other tooth
  96. Dog and Cat dental formula
    • Dog 2(I 3/3 , C 1/1 , P 4/4 , M 2/3) = 42 teeth
    • Cat 2(I 3/3 , C 1/1 , P 3/2 , M 1/1 ) = 30 teeth
  97. Dental numbering
    • 100 upper right
    • 200 upper left
    • 300 lower left
    • 400 lower right
  98. Rabies Vacc / info
    • given at 16wks old SQ
    • Rhabdovirus
    • Protective 28 days after given
    • if bit revacc and watch for 45 days
  99. C Distemper info
    • Hardpad Dz
    • Chewing gum seizures
  100. C Herpes virus dogs
    causes kennel cough
  101. C Infectious hepatitis
    • headpressing
    • cornal edema
  102. C Parvo
    ELISA Antigen test on feces
  103. C infectious tracheobronchitis
    • Kennel cough
    • (Bordetella bronchiseptic, Parainfluenza, CAV2, herpes virus)
  104. C Lepto
    • Icterohemorrhagica, Canicola, Pomona, Grippotyphosa in 4 way vacc
    • Bratislava, autumnalis
  105. Canine influenza
    H3N8
  106. DHLPP+C
    • 8,12,16 wks
    • Distemper, Hepatitis(adenovirus) , Leptospirosa, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza, corona virus
  107. F Panleukopenia
    related to parvo virus, neurological kittens
  108. FeLV
    • Retrovirus and Oncorna virus
    • Feline Leukemia Virus
  109. FIV
    • Feline Immunodeficiancy Virus
    • Retrovirus, Lentivirus
  110. FIP
    • Corona virus
    • Feline Infectious Peritonitis
  111. FVRCP +C
    • 8 12 16 wk
    • Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calici virus, Panleukopenia , Chlamydia psittaci
  112. Papilloma
    Benign tumor in young dogs
  113. Epulis
    • Benign tumor of dogs
    • has stalk
  114. Malignant melanoma
    • #1 oral tumor in dogs
    • wide surgical excision
  115. Squamous cell carcinoma
    • #1 in cats #2 in dogs
    • cats lateral tongue surface
  116. Fibrosarcoma
    • #2 in cats, #3 in dogs
    • ulcerated mass on gingival or soft palate
  117. Salivary gland cyst
    • obstruction or trauma
    • unilateral swelling
  118. Pica
    EAting everything
  119. Melena
    black tarry stool
  120. Megaesophagus
    regurgitation
  121. Persistant right aortic arch
    retention of ligamentum arteriosum
  122. Viral Replication Steps (APULRAR)
    • Attachment
    • penetration
    • uncoating
    • latent period
    • virus replication
    • virus assmbly
    • virus release
  123. Snuffles
    Pasteurellosis in rabbits
  124. Gerbils stressed or scared have
    seizures
  125. Lab animal that has dystocia
    guinea pigs bread before 6 months
  126. Lab animal that requires supplementary Vit C in diet
    guinea pigs , primates
  127. Feather that get cut to prevent flight
    Primary feathers
  128. Parrot Fever
    • Psittacosis
    • Chlamydophilia psittici
    • zoonotic
  129. (reptile)Metabolic bone dz is caused by?
    lighting, they need UVB
  130. Dysecdesis
    Dysfunction of shedding
  131. ELISA =
    Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  132. ELISA for -
    FeLV
    Parvo
    K9 Heartworm
    FIV
    Feline Heartworm
    • FeLV- viral antigens
    • Parvo - viral antigens
    • K9 Heartworm - adult female heart worm antigens
    • FIV- antibodies
    • Feline Heartworm - adult heartworm antibodies
  133. CPCR =
    • cardiopulmonary cerebrovascular resuscitation
    • pt in right lateral
  134. TP normals
    • 5-7g/dl dogs
    • 5-8g/dl cats
  135. PCV normals
    • 37-55% dogs
    • 30-45% cats

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview