Types of Synovial Joints

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fidelforde
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156223
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Types of Synovial Joints
Updated:
2012-05-29 01:36:57
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Synovial Joints
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Description:
Types of Synovial Joints. Class May 22, 2012
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  1. What type of bone fits into a cup shaped bone. Movements are limited to flexion and extention. (ex; knee, elbow, interphalangeal joints.)
    Cylinderca Bone

    Synovial Joint: Hindge
  2. What is the synovial joint that is limited to rotation? (ex: Dens protruberance on C2-fits into ring opening on C1 (atlas) (Atlanto occipital joint) Proximal radioulnar joint
    Pivit Joint

    Round end of a bone fits into ring of bone or rings of ligaments.
  3. What is the name of the joint that movements are limited to flexion and extention. (ex; knee, elbow, interphalangeal joints.)
    Hindge Joint
  4. What is the name of the Joint which Round end of a bone fits into ring of bone or rings of ligaments. Movements is limited to rotation.
    Pivot Joint
  5. What is the name of the joint which each articulating surface is oval shaped (a reduced ball and socket joint)

    Movement: flexion, extension, abduction, adduction ex; atlantioccupital joint (occiput/ c1), radiocarpal joint (radius/carpals- wrist.
    Ellipsoidal (biaxial) aka condyloid joints
  6. What is the name of the joint that movements are
    -flexion
    -extension
    -abduction
    -adduction
    Ellipsoidal (biaxial) aka condyloid joints
  7. The name of the joint that supports the following movements is called?

    tip: resembles ellipsoid joints but allows greater motion. (Ex: carpometacarpal joint of thumb)

    -flexion
    -extension
    -abduction
    -addiction
    -circumduction
    -opposition
    -deposition
    Saddle: (biaxial)
  8. What joints have flat surfaces allow for gliding/sliding motions.
    Gliding joints (triaxial)
  9. What's the name of the joint that which movements are all except for opposition/deposition, but must use gliding to accomplish movement. Ex: vertebrae, acromioclavicular joint, intertarsal joint
    Gliding joints (triaxial)
  10. What joint has a ball shaped head that fits into a cup shaped socket

    Perform all movenents except opposition/deposition. Has fullbrsnge of motion. Ex;Shoulders (glenohumeral) and hip (acetabulum)
    Ball & Socket Joint (triaxial)
  11. Joints that have three degree of motions are called?

    An example of a ball and socket joint is the hip. The attachment of the carpal bones in the hand are considered plane joints where gliding is permitted between bones.
    Triaxial Joints
  12. There are two types of triaxial joints:
    • -ball and socket
    • -plane joints
  13. There are two types of biaxial joints:
    • -saddle
    • -condyloid
  14. joint's which motion occurs in two planes; thus, there are two degrees of freedom are know as
    BIAXIAL JOINTS

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