Special Dietary Considerations

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Author:
pachie_18
ID:
156407
Filename:
Special Dietary Considerations
Updated:
2012-05-29 23:36:32
Tags:
Nutrition
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Description:
NCLEX review
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  1. PANCREATITIS
    • *avoid alcohol
    • *bland foods
    • *small, frequent meals
    • *decrease fat
  2. CHOLECYSTITIS
    • *decrease fat
    • *small, frequent meals
  3. HEPATITIS
    • *NPO initially
    • *Low fat
    • *high protein/carobohydrates
  4. CIRRHOSIS
    • *small, frequent meals
    • *low sodium/protein
  5. DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA
    • *decrease portion sizes
    • *decrease fat
    • *increase frequency of meals
    • *increase protein
  6. DUMPING SYNDROME
    • *increase fat/protein/fiber
    • *increase frequency of meals
    • *decrease portion sizes/fluids with meals
    • *decrease carbohydrate intake
  7. DIVERTICULTIS
    • *NPO initially
    • *increase fluids
    • *bland/soft foods
    • *high-fiber foods, but avoid foods that are difficult to digest such as corn, seeds, & nuts
  8. ULCERATIVE COLITIS
    • *AVOID coarse, high-fiber diet, raw fruits/veggies, cold beverages
    • *increase bland foods
    • *increase protein
    • *increase calories
  9. CELIAC DISEASE
    • *no gluten
    • *increase calories
    • *increase protein
  10. ACUTE RENAL FAILURE
    • *increase carbohydrates
    • *limit protein (good rule of thumb for anyone with kidney failure until otherwise specified by MD)
    • *decrease sodium
    • *fluid restriction
  11. CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE

    • *avoid high potassium foods
    • *low sodium
    • *high iron
    • *high calcium, vitamins B, C, D
  12. CUSHING SYNDROME
    • *increase protein
    • *increase potassium
    • *decrease sodium
    • *decrease calories
  13. ADDISON'S DISEASE
    • *low potassium
    • *increase sodium
  14. MENIERE'S DISEASE
    • *NO alcohol
    • *low sodium
  15. HEART FAILURE
    • *low sodium
    • *low fat
    • *fluid restriction in some pts

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