Things Starred

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Author:
elo266
ID:
15642
Filename:
Things Starred
Updated:
2010-04-23 03:09:20
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anatomy
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Description:
Anatomy Exam 3, things to remember
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  1. What does the alveolar epithelium consist of?
    A) all of these
    B) type 2 pneumocytes
    C) alveolar macrophages/"dust cells"
    D) type 1 pneumocytes
    E) simple squamous epithelium
    A) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. What do Type 1 pneumocytes do?
    create gas exchange
  3. Function of type 2 pneumocytes
    produce surfactant
  4. ______ defines the relationship between gas pressure and volume as P= 1/V
    Boyle's law
  5. _______ is the ability for the lungs to expand
    compliance
  6. Low compliance requires ______ force
    A) less
    B) greater
    C) equal
    B) greater
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. _____ is the amount of air moved in/out of lungs in a single respiratory cycle
    Tidal volume
  8. The most important respiratory muscle is
    A) the pectoralis
    B) the trapezious
    C) the diaphragm
    D) the intercostals
    C) the diaphragm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. ______ is the volume of air remaining in conducting passages.
    A) anatomic dead space
    B) inspiratory reserve
    C) expiratory reserve
    D) air remnants
    A) anatomic dead space
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. According to the oxygen-hemoglobin saturation curve, when pH drops, ____ oxygen is released
    A) unchanged
    B) more
    C) less
    B) more
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. According to the oxygen-hemoglobin saturation curve, when temperature rises, ____ oxygen is released
    A) more
    B) unchanged
    C) less
    A) more
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. According to the oxygen-hemoglobin saturation curve, when temperature drops, ____ oxygen is released
    A) less
    B) unchanged
    C) more
    A) less
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following does NOT stimulate inspiration?
    A) low pH levels
    B) low O2 levels
    C) high CO2 levels
    B) low O2 levels
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Carbon dioxode is mostly carried in the blood stream via
    A) protien carriers
    B) converted and carried as carbonic acid
    C) binds to the Na+
    D) is transferred in the plasma
    B) is converted and carried as carbonic acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. ______ consists of waves of muscular contractions that move the bolus along the GI tract.
    A) peristalsis
    B) segmentation
    C) lipidoxing internal muscularis
    D) chyme
    A) peristolsis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. _________ is the cycle of contractions that mixes/churns the bolus; doesn't follow a set pattern.
    A) cramping
    B) segmentation
    C) peristolsis
    D) regulatory anhydrase
    B) segmentation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. _________ is 99% water and is made up of mucous secretions (acts as buffer/lubricant), secretes enzymes (salivary amylase) and dissolves chemicals.
    A) salivary glands
    B) mucuous glands
    C) urethral gland
    D) oral cavity
    A) salivary glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. _____ secrete intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid (HCL).
    A) enteroendocrine cells
    B) goblet cells
    C) parietal cells
    D) chief cells
    C) parietal cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. _____ secrete pepsinogen.
    A) enteroendocrine cells
    B) goblet cells
    C) chief cells
    D) parietal cells
    C) chief cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. _____ produce gastrin.
    A) parietal cells
    B) G cells
    C) D cells
    D) chief cells
    B) G cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. ____ release somatostatin (inhibits release of gastrin)
    A) G cells
    B) chief cells
    C) parietal cells
    D) D cells
    D) D cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. _______ is a brush border enzyme that activates trypsinogen into trypsin, which then activates other enzymes.
    A) chief cells
    B) enteropeptidase
    C) enteroendocrine cells
    D) parietal cells
    B) enteropeptidase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. ______ produce intestinal hormones such as gastrin, cholecystokinin (CCK) and secretin
    A) enteroendocrine cells
    B) enteropeptidase
    C) chief cells
    D) parietal cells
    A) enteroendocrine cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. ______ is a carbohydrase that breaks down starch
    A) pancreatic alpha-amylase
    B) nucleases
    C) pancreatic lipase
    D) proteolytic enzymes
    A) pancreatic alpha-amylase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. ____________ breaks down complex lipids and releases products that are easily absorbed
    A) proteolytic enzymes
    B) pancreatic alpha-amylase
    C) nucleases
    D) pancreatic lipase
    D) pancreatic lipase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. ________ breaks down nucleic acids
    A) pancreatic lipase
    B) proteolytic enzymes
    C) nucleases
    D) pancreatic alpha-amylase
    C) nucleases
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. __________ can break apart certain proteins; secreted as inactive proenzymes then activated after reaching the SI.
    A) nucleases
    B) proteolytic enzymes
    C) pancreatic alpha-amylase
    D) pancreatic lipase
    B) proteolytic enzymes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Proteases break down _A_ proteins and peptidases break down _B_ peptides into amino acids.
    A) Small, Large
    B) Large, Large
    C) Small, Small
    D) Large, small
    D) large, small
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. ______ increases secretion of bile and buffs.
    A) secretin
    B) gastrin
    C) GIP
    D) CCK
    A) secretin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. ______ accelerates pancreatic production/secretion of digestive enzymes.
    A) GIP
    B) CCK
    C) gastrin
    D) secretin
    B) CCK
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. ______ relaxes the hepatopancreatic sphincter and gallbladder.
    A) gastrin
    B) GIP
    C) secretin
    D) CCK
    D) CCK
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. ____ is secreted when fats and carbs enter the SI; inhibits gastric secretions in the stomach.
    A) CCK
    B) GIP
    C) secretin
    D) gastrin
    B) GIP
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. _____ is secreted by G cells in the duodenum
    A) CCK
    B) GIP
    C) secretin
    D) gastrin
    D) gastrin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. ______ increases stomach motility and stimulates acid/enzyme production.
    A) gastrin
    B) CCK
    C) GIP
    D) secretin
    A) gastrin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which is NOT a function of the Large Intestine?
    A) compaction of material into feces
    B) absorption of lactose
    C) absorption of certan vitamins
    D) reabsorption of water
    E) storage of fecal material
    B) absorption of lactose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. _____ is required by the liver for synthesizing clotting factors.
    A) vitamin K
    B) biotin
    C) pantothenic acid
    D) vitamin E
    A) vitamin K
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. ______ is important in glucose metabolism.
    A) biotin
    B) pantothenic acid
    C) vitamin E
    D) vitamin K
    A) biotoin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. ____ is required in the manufacture of steriod hormones and some neurotransmitters (can get from the diet).
    A) pantothenic acid
    B) vitamin E
    C) biotin
    D) vitamin K
    A) pantothenic acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Enteropeptidase breaks down ____ into _____.
    A) Pepsinogen into pepsin
    B) coenzyme A into acetyl coA
    C) Trypsinogen into trypsin
    D) CCG into CCK
    C) Trypsinogen into trypsin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The _____ contains all organic building blocks cell needs to provide energy and to create new cellular components.
    A) essential amino acids
    B) TCA cycle
    C) nutrient pool
    D) mitochondria
    C) nutrient pool
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. ____ breaks down glucose in cytosol into smaller molecules used by mitochondria
    A) glycoserumolysis
    B) glycolysis
    C) glyconeogenesis
    D) glycogen
    B) glycolysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The function of the TCA cycle (citric acid cycle) is:
    A) to remove H atoms from organic molecules and transfer them to coenzymes
    B) to transform enzymes into solutes
    C) to produce water
    A) to remove H atoms from organic molecules and transfer them to coenzymes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. ____ enters the TCA cycle and produces the citric acid which starts the TCA cycle; more important part of the cycle.
    A) enzyme CoA
    B) nitrogen
    C) amino group
    D) Acetyl CoA
    D) Acetyl CoA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. ______ is the generation of ATP within the mitochondria at productes more than 90% of ATP used by the body.
    A) catabolism
    B) oxidative phosporylation
    C) gluconeogenesis
    B) oxidative phosporylation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. ____________ is the most important mechanism for generation of ATP
    A) the TCA cycle
    B) glycolysis
    C) NAD/FAD
    D) oxidative phosphorylation
    D) oxidative phosphorylation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. _________ is the synthesis of glucose
    A) glycogenolysis
    B) beta oxidation
    C) gluconeogenesis
    D) glycogenesis
    C) gluconeogenesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. _______ is the formation of glycogen from glucose
    A) glycogenesis
    B) beta oxidation
    C) glycogenolysis
    D) gluconeogenesis
    A) glycogenesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. ____ is the breakdown of glucogen to glucose
    A) glycogenolysis
    B) beta oxidation
    C) gluconeogenesis
    D) glycogenesis
    A) glycogenolysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. ______ series of reactions that breaks down fatty acids, which leave a shorter carbon chain that becomes acetyl-coA
    A) gluconeogenesis
    B) beta oxidation
    C) glycogenolysis
    D) glycogenesis
    B) beta oxidation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Object loses heat energy as infrared radiation
    A) convection
    B) conduction
    C) radiation
    D) evaporation
    C) radiation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Direct transfer of energy through physical contact
    A) radiation
    B) convection
    C) evaporation
    D) conduction
    D) conduction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Results from conductive heat loss to air at body surfaces
    A) convection
    B) evaporation
    C) radiation
    D) conduction
    A) convection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Absorbs energy, cools surface where evaporation occurs
    a) radiation
    b) conduction
    c) convection
    d) evaporation
    • d) evaporation
    • a) radiation

    b) conduction

    c) convection

    d) evaporationd

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