Global II Final Exam Vocab.

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teresazott
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Global II Final Exam Vocab.
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2012-05-30 13:02:11
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Global II Final Exam Vocab
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Global II Final exan Vocabulary
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  1. Absolutism:
    political system in which autocratic rulers have complete authority over the government and the lives of people in their nations
  2. Anti-Semitism
    prejudice against Jews
  3. Apartheid
    South African government policy call­ing for separation of the races
  4. Bolshevik
    member of 1917 Russian revolutionary group
  5. Capitalism
    economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit
  6. Centralized & Decentralize Gov’t
    a larger region that is governed from one location. Localized control over a smaller region
  7. Civil Disobedience
    the refusal to obey unjust laws
  8. Civilization
    community characterized by elements such as a system of writing, development of social classes, and cities
  9. Cold War
    continuing state of tension and hostility between the United States and the Soviet Union af­ter 1945 because of differences in political and eco­nomic philosophies
  10. Collective
    large farm owned and operated by workers as a group
  11. Communism
    a complete form of socialism where the government controls the means of production and run all aspects of society. All work and power is shared equally for the good of society
  12. Commune
    community of people who live and work together and hold property in common
  13. Constitutional Monarchy
    a king or queen with limited power, limited by a constitution
  14. Cultural Diffusion
    the exchange of ideas, customs, goods, and technologies among cultures Cultural
  15. Revolution
    program launched in 1966 by Mao Zedong to renew loyalty to communism and purge China of non-revolutionary tendencies
  16. Culture
    the behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic or age group.
  17. Democracy
    where people vote on things directly
  18. Dictatorship
    control by a single person or group over all aspects of society
  19. Desertification
    the changeover of arable land into desert
  20. Divine Right
    belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God
  21. Dynasty
    ruling family
  22. Economics
    the study of choice. A way to satisfy unlimited wants with limited resources
  23. Enlightenment
    the period in the 1700s in which people rejected traditional ideas and supported a belief in human reason
  24. Ethnic Cleansing
    policy of forcibly removing or killing people of a certain ethnic group
  25. Fascism
    the rule of a people by a dictatorial gov­ernment that is nationalistic and imperialistic
  26. Feudalism
    system of government in which local lords control their own lands but owe military ser­vice and other support to a greater lord
  27. Filial Piety
    duty and respect you owe your elders
  28. Final Solution
    Hitler’s plan to eliminate Jews
  29. Genocide
    attempt to destroy an entire ethnic or re­ligious group
  30. Green Revolution
    development of new varieties of plants and improved agricultural techniques that resulted in greatly increased crop yields
  31. Greenhouse Effect
    process in which excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere traps heat and causes ris­ing global temperatures
  32. Holocaust
    act of genocide by the Nazis during World War II in which more than 6 million Jews died
  33. Humanism
    intellectual movement at the heart of the Renaissance that focused on worldly sub­jects rather than religious ones
  34. Indulgence
    Church teaching that you could pay for forgiveness
  35. Interdependence
    when countries depend on one another for goods and services
  36. Imperialism
    domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
  37. Justinian's Code
    code of laws organized by the Byzantine emperor Justinian in the 500s
  38. Laissez Faire
    policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference
  39. Magna Carta
    a charter signed by the English king John in 1215 that placed limits on the king's power
  40. Mandate of Heaven
    according to Chinese tradi­tion, the divine right to rule
  41. Meiji Restoration
    period from 1 868 to 1912 in Japan in which Japan industrialized and modernized
  42. Mercantilism
    economic policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imported in order to build its national wealth
  43. Migration
    the movement of people from one area to another
  44. Militarism
    the glorification of military power
  45. Monotheistic
    believing in one god
  46. Napoleonic Code
    legal code of Napoleon that in­cluded many Enlightenment ideas
  47. Nationalism
    a feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
  48. Natural Laws
    according to some philosophers, rules that govern human nature
  49. Neolithic
    the period of human culture character­ized by the development of a system of settled agri­culture; also called the New Stone Age
  50. Oppressive Regime
    a government that limits its people’s freedom and crushes all opposition
  51. Phoenicians
    created alphabet, spread culture along Mediterranean Sea. Invented purple dye
  52. Polytheistic
    believing in many gods
  53. Primary Source
    the original source of information. Something spoken or written by a person or society
  54. Protestant Reformation
    period when Europeans broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and formed new Christian churches
  55. Racism
    hatred of a particular group of people
  56. Renaissance
    period of great creativity and change in Europe from the I 300s through the 1600s; the word means "rebirth"
  57. Republic
    system of government in which officials are chosen by the people
  58. Revolution
    a change over a relatively short period of time
  59. Scientific Revolution
    period in the 1500s and 1600s in which scientific thinkers challenged traditional ideas and relied on observation and experimentation
  60. Secondary Source
    a source that does not come directly form its origin. ie. textbook
  61. Secular
    having to do with worldly rather than reli­gious matters
  62. Sepoy Mutiny
    rebellion fought by Hindu and Muslim sepoys against British rule in India in the mid-1800s
  63. Silk Road
    ancient trade route that linked China with lands to the west
  64. Sphere of Influence
    area in which an outside power claims exclusive trade privileges
  65. Theocracy
    a government base on religion
  66. Third World Country
    countries that are poor, trying to develop and industrialized
  67. Tiananmen Square Massacre
    a 1989 peaceful protest in support of democracy in China that was crushed by the communist controlled government.
  68. Totalitarian State
    form of government in which a one-party dictatorship attempts to regulate every aspect of the lives of citizens Transatlantic
  69. Slave Trade
    the African Slave Trade form African to the Americas to Europe
  70. Twelve Tables
    A set of written down Roman Laws
  71. Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    docu­ment adopted in 1948 by the United Nations that sets out the basic human rights of all individuals
  72. Urbanization
    movement of people to cities
  73. Westernization
    process of adopting western ways
  74. Zionism
    movement dedicated to building a Jewish state in Palestine

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