Chpt. 24

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elo266
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15649
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Chpt. 24
Updated:
2010-04-23 00:31:11
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digestion anatomy
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Anatomy exam 3 cards, Digestion
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  1. ______ uses raw materials to synthesize essential compounds.
    A) anabolism
    B) glycogenolysis
    C) lipase
    D) catabolism
    A) anabolism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. _____ decomposes substances to provide energy cells need to function.
    A) anabolism
    B) catabolism
    C) glycogenolysis
    D) lipase
    B) catabolism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Catabolic rxns require
    A) neither
    B) both
    C) oxygen
    D) organic molecules
    B) both
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. _____ is produced by the serous membrane lining and provides essential lubrication between the parietal and visceral surfaces.
    A) cowpers gland
    B) peritoneal fluid
    C) osmotic fluid
    D) meconium
    B) peritoneal fluid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Thick, mesenterial sheet that provides stability and suspends all by the first 10" of the SI.
    A) connective tissue
    B) mesentary proper
    C) fascia
    D) simple squamous epithelium
    B) mesentary proper
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which is NOT a major layer of the digestive tract?
    A) submucosa
    B) endothelium
    C) mucosa
    D) serosa
    E) muscularis externa
    B) endothelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The _______ is the inner lining of the digestive tract. It is a mucous membrane consisting of epithelium and the lamina propria.
    A) serosa
    B) epithelium
    C) muscularis
    D) mucosa
    D) mucosa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. _________ secrete hormones that coordinate activities of the GI tract and accessory organs.
    A) parietal cells
    B) mast cells
    C) enteroendocrine cells
    D) enzymes
    C) enteroendocrine cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. _________ contains BV's, sensory nerve endings, lymphatic vessels and smooth muscle cells in the GI tract.
    A) basal lamina
    B) lamina propria
    C) mucosa
    D) submucosa
    B) lamina propria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. ______ narrow band of smooth muscle and elastic fibers in the lamina propria.
    A) muscularis mucosae
    B) superficial fascia
    C) hilum
    D) muscularis
    A) muscularis mucosae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. _______ is a dense, irregular CT layer that has large BVs and lymphatic vessels. It may contain exocrine glands that secrete buffers and enzymes into the GI tract.
    A) submucosa
    B) subserosa
    C) mucosa
    D) serosa
    A) submucosa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The submucosal plexus contains
    A) aliens!
    B) all of these
    C) sensory neurons
    D) dense CT sheath
    C) sensory neurons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The ________ is dominated by smooth muscle cells that are arranged in circular layers. Involved in mechanical processing, movement of materials along the GI tract, and movements coordinated by the ENS (enteric nervous system).
    A) sheath of ronviar
    B) muscularis interna
    C) muscularis externa
    C) muscularis externa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. _______________ control the rhythmic cycles of GI activity.
    A) baroreceptors
    B) pacesetter cells
    C) parietal cells
    D) endothelial cells
    B) pacesetter cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. ________ are neural mechanisms that are responsible for local reflexes and work completely with the GI tract; don't use the brain/CNS.
    A) short reflexes
    B) long reflexes
    C) intermediate reflexes
    A) short reflexes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. ________ are neural mechanisms that have a higher level of control of digestion and glandular activities; controls the movement throughout the GI tract and uses the parasympathetic fibers and the CNS.
    A) intermediate reflexes
    B) short reflexes
    C) long reflexes
    C) long reflexes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Hormonal mechanisms of the GI tract include at least 18 peptide hormones that are produced by _________ and reach the target organs after distribution in the bloodstream.
    A) parietal cells
    B) enteroendocrine cells
    C) paritoneal cells
    D) chief cells
    B) enteroendocrine cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. __________ coordinate response due to changing conditions (ie pH) and affects only a part of the tract.
    A) long reflexes
    B) short reflexes
    C) hormonal control
    D) local mechanisms
    D) local mechanisms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. ________ is a mineralized matrix on teeth that is similar to that of bone; does not contain cells.
    A) cartiledge
    B) calcification
    C) ossification
    D) dentin
    D) dentin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which is NOT a layer of the esophageal wall?
    A) serosa
    B) mucosal
    C) muscularis
    D) submucosal
    A) serosa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Major function(s) of the stomach:
    A) disruption of chemical bonds in food material by acids/enzymes
    B) all of these
    C) production of intrinsic factor
    D) mechanical breakdown of ingested food
    E) storage of ingested food
    B) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Intrinsic factor is produced in the:
    A) small intestine
    B) pancreas
    C) liver
    D) stomach
    D) stomach
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Pepsinogen is converted by ___ to pepsin in the gastric lumen.
    A) ADH
    B) GIH
    C) CCK
    D) HCL
    D) HCL
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The ________ receives chyme from the stomach and digestive secretions from the pancreas/liver and neutralizes acids before they can damage the absorptive surfaces of the SI.
    A) large intestine
    B) jejunum
    C) ileum
    D) duodenum
    D) duodenum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The ___________ is the location of most of the chemical digestion and nutrient absorption in the SI.
    A) ileum
    B) large intestine
    C) duodenum
    D) jejunum
    D) jejunum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The _______ is the longest part of the SI. It finishes the absorption and ends in the ileocecal valve.
    A) jejunum
    B) large intestine
    C) duodenum
    D) ileum
    D) ileum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. _________ are openings from the intestinal glands that are entrances for brush border enzymes.
    A) intestinal glands
    B) lacteals
    C) Crypts of Lieberkuhn
    D) capillary network
    C) Crypts of Lieberkuhn
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. _______ produce large amounts of mucus when chyme arrieves from the stomach.
    A) lacteals
    B) brush border enzymes
    C) G cells
    D) duodenal glands
    D) duodenal glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The ___________ stimulates motility and secretion along the entire small intestine.
    A) Gastroileal reflex
    B) Gastroenteric reflex
    C) segmentation
    B) Gastroenteric
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The ___________ triggers the relaxation of the ileocecal valve and allows materials to pass from the SI to the LI.
    A) Gastroileal reflex
    B) segmentation
    C) Gastroenteric reflex
    D) peristalsis
    A) Gastroileal reflex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. ________ are blind pockets that make up a bulk of the pancreas.
    A) pancreatic lipase
    B) pop-overs with strawberry jelly
    C) pancreatic islets
    D) pancreatic acini
    D) pancreatic acini
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. _____ cells of the pancreas secrete insulin and glucagon into the bloodstream.
    A) exocrine
    B) both
    C) neither
    D) endocrine
    D) endocrine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Exocrine cells secrete:
    A) pancreatic juice
    B) all of these
    C) gastrin
    D) secretin
    A) pancreatic juice
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Hepatic blood supply: 1/3 comes from the ____, 2/3 comes from the _____
    A) hepatic portal, hepatic artery
    B) hepatic portal, fenestrated capillaries
    C) hepatic artery, hepatic portal
    D) hepatic artery, fenestrated capillaries
    C) hepatic artery, hepatic portal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Liver cells that absorb solutes from plasma and secrete materials such as plasma proteins.
    A) hepatocytes
    B) goblet cells
    C) Kupffer cells
    D) chief cells
    A) hepatocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. T/F: The liver is the larest blood reservoir in the body
    T!!! Woooooah! :)
  37. The Gallbladder:
    A) all of these
    B) stores bile
    C) is stimulated to release bile by CCK
    D) releases bile into duodenum
    A) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. _____ stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum
    A) Pepsin
    B) Aldosterone
    C) ADH
    D) CCK
    D) CCP (cholecystokinin)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. _____ innervation prepares the digestive tract for activity
    A) systemic
    B) sympathetic
    C) parasympathetic
    C) parasympathetic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The appendix is a ______ organ
    A) Digestive
    B) Urinary
    C) Reproductive
    D) Lymphatic
    D) Lymphatic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. The wall of the colon forms a serious of pouches called _______ that permit for the expansion and elongation of the colon.
    A) alveoli
    B) haustra
    C) intranodular sacs
    D) hilum
    B) haustra
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The ______ anal sphincter has a circular muscle layer of smooth muscle cells that are not under voluntary control.
    A) internal
    B) dirty
    C) external
    A) internal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The ____ anal sphincter is a ring of skeletal muscle fibers that are under voluntary control.
    a) internal
    b) external
    c) dirty
  44. Which of the following is TRUE about the histology of the large intestine?
    A) does not produce enzymes
    B) all of these
    C) lacks villi
    D) is dominated by mucous cells
    B) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Which is NOT a vitamin produced by the Large Intestine?
    A) vitamin K
    B) vitamin E
    C) pantothenic acid
    D) biotin
    B) vitamin E
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Process of breaking molecular bonds in large organic molecules
    A) hydrolysis
    B) glycogenolysis
    C) vitanolysis
    A) hydrolysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Renin targets ___ and is secreted only in _____.
    A) milk proteins, cats
    B) trypsin, adults
    C) none of these
    D) milk proteins, infants
    D) milk proteins, infants
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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